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Transcript of Chicano movement
What is the Chicano Movement?
Why did it begin?
Problems that Mexicans faced in schools
Notable leaders from the Chicano Movement
By: Thooraya Mused ,Bryan Lucero, Jocelyn Gomez
What was the impact of the Chicano movement?
The impact of the Chicano movement reaches far and wide, fought the rights that Mexican- American have today and erased so much discrimination.
Did you know....
The Chicano Movement had problems from farm workers' rights, police brutality, unequal education, and political rights at the 1960s.
Wanted a better future .
While the name 'chicanos' was used to represent all peoples in America of hispanic or latino from different groups had different problems for example the youth who born in America
It began bcause the Mexicans wanted to work
They were being treated unfairly and needed to do some thing about it so they protested many different types of discrimination.
Increased Latino's awareness of their history and culture
Latinos are not giving up
Latinos are 16% of the american population and only growing
People still racist to this day towards Latinos
Public education in East L.A. before the walkouts the settlement of the "Mexican Schools"
Latinos have known the state that "equal treatment under the law" is about cultural , language and skin color.
Actions to bring attention to their rights by walking out.
Boycotting their high school classes
In 1968 , 15,000 students walked out of high school classes in the Los Angeles area at March 14.
Want changes in the educational system
On March 20, 1968, walked out because the teacher who said in class: “All Mexicans are stupid because their parents were stupid and their parents were stupid…if you eat Mexican food, you’ll look like a Mexican” (Rosales, 181).
They suffered from:
being controlled by the government
segregation from labor unions
Having their voice heard
Education studied established in college
Culture required as same .( Everyone is equal)
"A word as to the education of the heart. We don't believe that this can be imparted through books; it can only be imparted through the loving touch of the teacher."-Cesar E. Chavez
Not full equally
Aztlán: Chicano Homeland
A Land for Mexicans and people of Central and South Americathat was lost during the treaty of Guadalupe that now as a home for Chicanos today
The history of Chicano movement can be traced as far back as 1848
The event L.A walkout still remains the largest student strike at the high school level in the history of the United States.
Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzalez
June 18, 1928-,
April 12, 2005
Mexican American boxer,
The movement for the equal rights of Mexican Americans.
Corky Gonzales is also famous for his poem " I am Jouquin".
Mexican-American educator and activist.
Worked with UMAS
Worked with Brown Berets to gain more support and grow more population of students
He is one of the leaders of the East LA Walkouts
Protests against unequal conditions in Los Angeles Unified School District schools.
October 25, 1933-
April 15, 2013
"Throughout the state, the dropout rate of Chicano students is about 45% to 50% before high school graduation. In some schools, the dropout rate by these students is as high as 70%. We cannot wait any longer to address the problem. It has become a crisis."(LA,1978)
'La Raza' means 'the race'
The government rejected the Hispanic and latinos
Many of the immigrants from Central America and the southeast of the Gulf of Mexico and the North American
Chicanos are 'Aztlán '
East L.A. walkouts
"We first took on the issue of police brutality. The ELA (East Los Angeles) sheriffs were notorious for their brutality, especially against Chicano youth, which I experienced cruising Whittier Boulevard on the weekends with hundreds of other youth."- Carlos Montes
Brown Berets created a community organizing against police brutality.
Carlos Montes was the first leader. He had a group called Brown Beretsdemonstration against the East L.A. sheriffs, because of the killing of one Chicano in 1967.
Police Brutality started the movement for cultural realization and pride in Chicano history in the Southwest and Mexico, and Chicano culture and language.
"They(police) beat on us all the time especially them sherrifs. They're the worst. They don't care if your hungry, if you have a job or not, or anything about hurting your moms who works so hard. They want control over you. That's the fact. That's the way of the neighborhoods."
(Rodriguez Always running p144)
high percentage of latino highschool dropouts
"A Place on Identity's Bookshelf." The Hispanic-American Experience. Woodbridge, CT: Primary Source Media, 1999. American Journey. U.S. History in Context. Web. 7 Mar. 2014.
"Brown Berets." Civil Rights in the United States. Ed. Waldo E. Martin, Jr. and Patricia Sullivan. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2000. U.S. History in Context. Web. 7 Mar. 2014.
Castañeda, Oscar Rosales. “The Chicano Movement in Washington State 1967-2006 Part 2- Chicano Cultural Awakening.”Seattle Civil Rights & Labor History Movement. Web. 7 Mar. 2014.
Castañeda, Oscar Rosales. “Timeline: Movimiento from 1960-1985.”Seattle Civil Rights & Labor History Movement. Web. 7 Mar. 2014.
Castillo, Gloria Angelina. “Restoring the Chicano Dream, One Mural at a Time.” EGPNews.com. Web. 7 Mar. 2014.
Cerda, Natalie and Christina M. Hernandez. “History of Bilingual Education.” Web. 7 Mar. 2014.
''La Raza” Seattle Civil Rights & Labor History Project. 2004-2006
Gilberto Garcia, “Organizational Activity and Political Empowerment: Chicano Politics in the Pacific Northwest,” in The Chicano Experience in the Northwest, (Dubuque, IA.: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., 1995), 75-80
Jesus Rodriguez, MEChA Newsletter University of Washington, 1981, p. 1-2, Jesus Rodriguez Papers, MEChA de UW Archives.
History of California ,The Multicultural State 2004.
Chicano Movement pictures 2007
Smith, Michael, 1984, The Aztlan Migrations of the Nahuatl Chronicles: Myth or History? Ethnohistory, Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 153-186
"El Plan Espirtual de Aztlan"Rodolfo Gonzalez, 1969
"CHICANO!" History of Chicano 1996
"All Power to the People!" Social Movements for Justice,May 6, 2014
"Dolores Huerta." Civil Rights in the United States. Ed. Waldo E. Martin, Jr. and Patricia Sullivan. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2000. U.S. History in Context. Web. 7 Mar. 2014.
“EVENT PROFILE – 1968 EAST LA HIGH SCHOOL WALK-OUTS.” Latinopia.com. 6 March 2010. Web. 7 Mar. 2014.
Gonzalez, Gilbert G.,"Chicano Education in the Era of Segregation"March 2013
".Important people in the Chicano Movement"Wikispaces is run by Tangient LLC, 2005
What the Chicano movement wanted to achieve?
Economy- control of their lives and their communities
Unity in the thinking of their people concerning the barrios, the pueblo, the campo, the land, the poor, the middle class, the professional all ommitted to the liberation of La Raza
Education for Chicanos
More teachers to study Chicano
Stop the explotion of Chicanos
At 1968 protests against unequal education in Los Angeles high schools.
The first protest was at March 6
They wanted equal education
They decided to walkout with approximately 15,000 students walked out
The name Chicano/a is being referred to a Mexican and people of Central and South America boy/girl who
is from Mexico but born in the United States.