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Art in all forms

a biography sorta thingy about art.....

Arianna Payson

on 18 April 2010

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Transcript of Art in all forms

Art is the quality, production, expression, or realm, according to aesthetic principles, of what is beautiful, appealing, or of more than ordinary significance. Era refers to a period of art history which is characterized by an artist's place in time and the styles and materials available to the painter. The first painters were limited to painting on cave walls with materials they could find in nature.
Over thousands of years new painting materials and developments in art and design challenged painters to explore and refine new horizons. Each era can claim artists who lead the way in the creative and technical development of painting. Here are some different eras of paint... The general goal of early Renaissance sculpture and painting was to emulate realism and naturalism by using the knowledge from Antiquity (Classical Greece). This goal was achieved through the use of:
1. ancient innovations such as linear perspective,
2. atmospheric perspective and consistent light source,
3. higher and lower relief for sense of depth,
4. and through natural and telling poses such as the contrapposto pose. The Renaissance was a slowly developing set of ideas that gradually made people aware of themselves, their place in the environment, and their ability to create grand and beautiful works. Renaissance is a French word for re-birth; the Italian word is similar (rinascit) and was used at the time to signify a new age of developing achievement.
High Renaissance was in some ways the end of the Early Renaissance; it represented a significant departure from Early Renaissance. Leonardo, Bramante, Michelangelo, Raphael, and Giorgione were some of the High Renaissance artists. Baroque is the 17th Century art style which "roared". The word Baroque (Portuguese for "grotesque" or "irregular") like the terms Romanesque and Gothic was first used in a derogatory way. It was used to describe the flamboyance and unrestrained exuberance of 17th Century art. Baroque art "roared" because of the vigorous fashion in which it added drama to its subject matter. During this time period the privileged aristocracy reigned supreme. Artists were commisioned by the upper class to reveal the lifestyle of their patrons. Rococo art was made for rich people and was about rich people. The subject matter of the Rococo style was the royalty, nobles and the make believe world of charm and delight-as though on a perpetual holiday. The name Rococo is derived from the word rocaille, which referred to the fantastic Baroque garden grotto decorations. Neoclassicism is a new revival of classical antiquity, linked, at least initially, to Enlightenment thought. Neo-Classical art followed Rococo and covered about a century from 1750 - 1850.
It was not a passing fad but became a way of life in revolutionary times. Jacques-Louis David's The Death of Socrates, 1793 is a good example of Neo-Classical art. Like all Neo-Classical art, The Death of Socrates reflected the issues of the time. Romantism evoked strong emotions and created a feeling of revival. The name came from a widespread revival of interest in medieval stories known as romance-stories involving fictional heroes and great adventures of individual heroism and emotion. It was individualism versus the system; emotionalism versus intellectualism; and rebellion against the academies. Impressionism was politically indifferent, no longer were humans the only centre of interest. Spontaneity became integrated in the work through unpoised images. Shadows became minimised focusing on form, shapes and colours. This style of art was given the name Impressionism after Claude Monet exhibited a work called Impression-Sunrise in an 1874 group show. The works of the group were called impressions and not paintings. Surrealism was first aimed to be the notion that a dream can be exchanged by automatic handwriting directly from the unconscious mind to the canvas, bypassing the conscious awareness of the artist. This, however did not work in practice because some degree of control was unavoidable. Nevertheless, Surrealism stimulated several novel techniques for soliciting and exploiting chance effects.
Surrealism entered into a dream world of unreality "beneath the realistic surface of life". Logical or recognisable subject matter was presented in very illogical situations or in weird associations. Later Surrealism was based on personal symbols, which were left unexplained by the artists. An attitude toward art and everyday objects that served as reminders of movies, TV, comics and supermarkets. It developed during the early sixties. The subject matter was the common everyday surroundings such as coke bottles, beer and soup cans or comic strip characters. Paintings existed of hard edges, practically non existent brush strokes, careful preparation and drawing and an impersonal attitude toward the art. It was based on frustration found within the art establishment and contained wit, satire and humour. The End!
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