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The Spread and Impact of the Reformation

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Danny Herrera

on 11 May 2011

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Transcript of The Spread and Impact of the Reformation

The Spread and Impact
of the Reformation Introduction As Protestantism spread, it branched out in a
number of directions. By the start of the 1600's,
there were many different Christian churches in Europe. Each Protestant sect, or group, had its own beliefs and practices. But all Protestants had much in common. Common Protestant Beliefs All Protestants believe:
The Bible is the ultimate source of authority
Baptism and Communion are the only sacraments in the Bible
Salvation only comes from faith, and not good works. Protestant Denominations Three examples of Protestant denominations or groups are:
Lutheranism
Calvinism
Anglicanism
Since Protestants believed that each person could interpret or understand the Bible differently, they believed that each person could basically start their own church if they wished. Protestantism and Democracy Protestantism also helped to pave the way for democracy. Protestants emphasized being true to the Bible and to their own conscience, or mind. This belief made people more willing to resist authority. People began to fight for their religious freedom. Church leaders began to get elected, instead of being appointed by one person. Religious freedom and elections helped to prepare people for democracy. Nationalism and Absolute Monarchy The spread of Protestantism went hand in hand with nationalism.
More and more people identified with their nation, or country, as
they did their church. As nations became stronger, monarchs also became stronger. Both Protestant and Catholic rulers claimed authority over religious and secular matters. Monarchs even revived the old idea of the divine right of kings and established absolute monarchies. Democratic Practices Protestant churches prepared people for democracy by having the following practices:
Electing church leaders by congregations
No central authority, such as a pope
People practice religion in their own way
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