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The Industrial Revolution
Transcript of The Industrial Revolution
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
Introduction to the Industry
The Industrial Revolution, despite popular belief, did not start in America. In fact, America would likely not have become industrialized for many more years, if ever, were it not for
The Industrial Revolution actually began in England in
with the invention of the first cotton mill.
Planning on keeping this new invention a secret, England banned all factory workers from traveling outside of the country. However, many were enticed by America's promise of a plentiful reward to anyone that could produce a cotton spinning machine.
an apprentice at the English mill, disguised himself to travel to America and trigger the American Industrial Revolution.
Social and Economical Changes
By Chaela M. Carter
Table of Contents
The beginning of the Industrialization
- Life before the Industry
Social and Economic Changes
-Changes in the household
-Economic and social class changes
-New working laws
The Beginning of Industrialization
Life Before the Industry
managed to safely make his way to America, he reconstructed a
cotton spinning machine entirely from memory. After collecting the reward, he proceeded to build a factory of his own in America.
The Revolution had begun.
Life was definitely not easy before the revolution.
Most were farmers that had
only a few tools and
animals that were difficult to handle to help get the farm
. People lived in small, spaced out towns and villages. Roads were yet to be paved, there were no trains or cars, and communication between communities was passed on slowly, through travelers. Local goods were the only options available, going as far as perhaps one or two towns over.
There was no running water, no electricity, and
without the ability to distribute
cotton in mass amounts,
many made their clothing from animal hide and
Inventions and Inventors
invented the first reliable
was responsible for the first
for the musket
started a regular
service on the Hudson
Samuel F. B. Morse
sent the first
the machine in
Alexander Graham Bell
made the first
took the first
and later designed the
Induction Electric Motor
and Wilbur Wright took
test drove his
the automobile available to the public with his
Changes in Careers
The Industrial Revolution reshaped the agricultural world with new tools and the Enclosure Acts.
When the Enclosure
Acts were put in
fenced off and any
remaining land was
farmers and laborers lost
advancements such as
were able to
rotation and the use
crops to replenish nutrients in soil were
also put in place. Unfortunately,
advancements were expensive, meaning
precision and less
family-run farms could no
make a profit. As a
result, many tenant
The building of
factories led to
turning once small
pace unheard of at the time, exactly alike in
which lowered consumer prices.
communities into cities
Those that could not
being produced at a
eventually beat of artisans
The rapid development
of industry led to a
need for management.
Well educated men
in positions such as clerk,
secretary, and managers to
lead it all. They were
that created the
"dependent lower class-"
uneducated and unskilled laborers
required to run to machines
Changes in the Home
Large factories were able to
Working Conditions and the Union
Business moving outside the home led to changing work relationships.
Workers were dependent on their employers, whom had the power to fire
or hire a worker for any reason. Aware of this dependency, business owners would often work their laborers in terrible conditions for incredibly low wages.
The lowest minimum wage for children was roughly 2 to 4 shillings a week,
women earned about 7 shillings a week, and men earned approximately 20 to 30 shillings a week. (1 shilling = approximately 12 pennies)
With the use of machines, goods were produced at a faster rate, enabling a higher standard of living. New social classes were created, the household dynamic changed, women and even children entered the work force.
Changes in the Economy
world became closely related.
A new Laizzes-faire policy was
With business booming, the politcal world and the economical
This lead to
capitalism, giving private business owners the ability to
the nation and no
enacted in the United States to replace mercantilism (using a
monetary wealth to increase power - enforced by strict
regulation). The new policy granted free trade within
and lower prices as they saw fit to increase profit.
introduced to Great Britain and communism to the
Many developed countries resorted to imperialism to protect their assets.
his own, women and even
Instead, children began
Families no longer remained on one
city everyday to
businesses were disappearing
a faster, more
produce goods at
consistent rate, meaning
quickly. Needing an income,
workers soon began
or traveling into the
moving off to the city to live on their
When the father could no longer make
ends meet on
children were met with the reality
into the workforce as well.
Employers were more than happy to
hire children due to their being more easy to control than adults. Children also had small hands, making it easier to change machine parts.
Laborers worked up to
18 hours a day
. Eventually, a
worker union, groups of laborers formed for the purpose of raising wages and improving conditions, achieved new minimum wage and labor laws, accomplished often times by going on strike until their demands were met
Franis Cabot Lowell
(Apr. 7th, 1775 - Aug. 10th, 1817)
A successful textile
to further his business, the
His shareholding system is still used
Lowell was a pioneer in the employment
of women. While there paid low wages, the
Lowell Mill Girls were given educations and
religious freedoms not
offered anywhere else.
After his death,
renamed Lowell in his
(Jun. 9th 1768 - Apr. 21st 1835)
"The Father of
the Industrial Revolution
Samuel Slater worked from
an early age at a British
cotton mill as an
. With the hope
of one day owning his own mill, Slater smuggled himself and his knowledge of cotton mills to America to
trigger the Industrial Revolution
first water powered mill
and began employing families, providing houses for the workers.
(Dec. 8th 1765 - Jan. 8th 1825)
Eli Whitney was
for the creation of the
cotton gin. Before its
fibers from the seed took
hundreds of laborer hours. With the cotton gin, 50 pounds of clean cotton could be
would never make a profit from the gin
, as imitation machines soon popped up.
In Closing. . .
The American Industrial Revolution shaped our country and culture into the way of life we know today. Many of the labor laws passed during the Industrial Revolution are still used today. Without the Revolution, we may all have still been farmers in little towns without running water, electricity and worst of all. . . no internet (invented in the 1950s).
make a profit. As a