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SOCIOLINGUISTICS

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Beatriz Navarro

on 2 December 2015

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Transcript of SOCIOLINGUISTICS

SOCIOLINGUISTICS

design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
1. WHAT SOCIOLINGUISTICS IS (VS THE SOCIOLOGY OF LANGUAGE)
2. HISTORY AND AUTHORS
3.MICROLINGUISTICS AND MACROLINGUISTICS
4.SOCIOLINGUISTIC PHENOMENA
5. LINGUISTIC VARIATION
6. TYPES OF VARIATION
6.1. SOCIAL
6.2 GENDER
6.3 CONTEXT
6.4 GEPGRAPHICAL
7. CONCLUSSION AND QUIZ
8. BIBLIOGRAPHY
INDEX
2.HISTORY AND AUTHORS
sociolinguistics also studies linguistic phenomena:

age
sex
level of the formal education
ethnical group
historical aspects
IRINA
DANIEL
ALEJANDRO
BEA
2.HISTORY AND AUTHORS
SOCIOLINGUISTIC IS A RECENT DISCIPLINE: SECOND HALF OF THE 20TH CENTURY
3.MICROLINGUISTICS VS MACROLINGUISTICS
MACROLINGUISTICS
1. WHAT SOCIOLINGUISTICS IS (VS SOCIOLOGY OF LANGUAGE)
1. INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLINGUISTICS
3. MICROLINGUISTICS VS MACROLINGUISTICS
1. Focusses on dialect and stylistic variations
2. Phonological differences between dialects
3. Discourse variation between male/ female , young/older speakers.

2. HISTORY AND AUTHORS
4. SOCIOLINGUISTIC PHENOMENA
4. SOCIOLINGUISTIC PHENOMENA
5. LINGUISTIC VARIATION
LANGUAGE VARIES DEPENDING ON

4. SOCIOLINGUISTIC PHENOMENA
4. SOCIOLINGUISTIC PHENOMENA

MULTILINGUALISM
6. TYPES OF VARIATION
6.1 SOCIAL VARIATION
6.2 GENDER
6.3 CONTEXT
6.4 GEOGRAPHICAL
6.5 AGE
QUIZ!
QUIZ!
BIBLIOGRAPHY
http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780199772810/obo-9780199772810-0195.xml
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION
GENERAL ASPECTS
1. Behaviours of entire speech communities: how a society behaves to explain why speech is like it is.
2. General issues such as language retention or lost of it by a particular community
3. How social identity can affect language choice.
MICROLINGUISTICS
PARTICULAR ASPECTS
LINGUISTIC VARIATION
GENDER
ETHNIC GROUP
AGE
HISTORICAL ASPECTS
SOCIAL STATUS
PRAGMATIC SITUATION
EDUCATION
GEOGRAPHICAL AREA

SOCIOLINGUISTICS
study dedicated to language in social and cultural context.

Not similar to SOCIOLOGY OF LANGUAGE: the study of the effect of language on society.
Several phenomena and constrast:
Register
Repertoire
Variety
Dialect
Code Switching
*Diglossia or multiglossia
*Bilingualism vs Polyglotism
Happens everywhere in every utterance
BILINGUALISM VS DIGLOSSIA
The ability of knowing and speaking at least two languages by an individual
Situation in which two forms lf language exist, one of them is predominant
Two polarities of bilingualism:
Language skills and individual of social dimension of language.
The ability of speaking two or more languages well by an individual or community.
IT APPEARED FROM THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE STUDIES ABOUT THE SOCIAL CHARACTER OF THE LANGUAGE AND ITS COMMUNICATIVE FUNCTION
WE CAN CONSIDER URIEL WEINREICH (1926-1967), A POLISH/AMERICAN LINGUIST AS THE STARTING POINT OF SOCILINGUISTICS, DUE TO SOME OF HIS WORKS ON THE 50s SUCH AS: Languages in Contact (1953) or Say it in Yiddish: a phrase book for travelers (1958)
in the 60s a group of seminaries will gather linguists and sociologists in order to colaborate together.
Among the most important authors we have:
WILLIAM LABOV (1927-)
An American linguist.
he approached language in a scientic and empirical way
he pioneered an approac to investigating the relationship between language and society
thinks that variations are inherent to linguistic structure and also that these differences are necessary to a language's functioning.
JOSHUA AARON FISHMAN
(1926-2015). An American linguist specialized in sociology, language planning, bilingual education and language and ethnicity.
Sociolinguistics: a brief introduction (1970)
Bilingual Education 1976)
Ideology, Society and language (1987)
THERE ARE FOUR FACTORS THAT AFFECT IN A DIRECT WAY THE USE OF LANGUAGE. HOWEVER, EACH VARIATION OF LANGUAGE DEPENDS ON THE CHARACTERISTICS THAT INVOLVE EVERY HUMAN BEING.
The economical system classifies people in social classes , mainly based on incomes. Depending on the social class you belong to, you will use language differently.
language style used by men and women is quite different. Is language used by women describing the role of women in society?
Although we have a concrete use of language in our daily life, we tend to modify it depending on the situation.
The study of sociolingusitic variation has its roots in dialectology, that is, the analysis of the use of language depending on the geographical area.
Age variation is a permanent variation which varies within a population based on age. This is, speakers of a particular age will use a specific linguistic form.
1. sociology of language is the study of the .............. of language in society.
2. Labov thinks that variations are.................... to linguistic structure.
3. Diglossia is considered to be a ..................... phenomena.
4. Dialectology is the analysis of the use of language depending on the ......................... area.
http://uk.sagepub.com/sites/default/files/upm-binaries/35389_5434_Wodak_Chap_01.pdf

Pfaff, Carol (1999): Changing patterns of language mixing in a bilingual child. In Studies on Language Acquisition. Vol. 14: Bilingualism and Migration, G. Extra and L Verhoeven (eds.).Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

An Introduction to Sociolinguistics (Fifth Edition), Ronald Wardhaugh
http://home.lu.lv/~pva/Sociolingvistika/1006648_82038_wardhaugh_r_an_introduction_to_sociolinguistics.pdf

http://www.llas.ac.uk/rsources/gpg/1054
http://introzgl.pbworks.com/w/page/20119914/SOCIOLINGUISTICS

HTTP://www.americantesol.com/tesol-sociolinguistics.html
Jiménez Ruiz, Juan Luis (2013) Guia Docente, Lingüística General II. ECU, Editorial Club Universitario.
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