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Downfall of the Tsar.

Why was Nicholas II overthrown?
by

Esme Ash

on 6 November 2012

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Transcript of Downfall of the Tsar.

The Downfall of the Tsar Why Nicholas II was overthrown... Reluctance for reform and bad personal decisions set the scene for revolution Problems with the Tsarist system Increasingly popular alternative ideas Autocratic repression lost favour with many people. Nicholas was unfit to govern Increasing disillusionment towards the government Social issues in Russia Population Rise Social inequality Poor living and working conditions Overcrowded cities Distinct rich/poor divide Inadequate health and education (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr Repression and Stolypin's reforms 1906 1911 1907 Stolypin is appointed Prime Minister Second Duma dissolved Assassination New court system introduced 1908 His "firm grip" restored order to the people Politics and the Duma The Duma wanted power- but they weren't getting it. Stolypin was able to manipulate the second Duma to push through reforms. ... Ultimately, their political potential was never fully realised. Lack of power thanks to a reluctant Tsar... ...Unable to implement reforms... Its composition of many political parties led to frequent disagreements. The Tsar ignored his promises set out in the October Manifesto. Their failures highlighted Nicholas' inability to see what was good for the people. Political errors WW1 The 1905 Revolution Bloody Sunday Russo-Japanese War (cc) image by rocketboom on Flickr = food shortages, inflation and humiliation = the turning point for the image of the Tsar = loss of faith in the Tsar's abilities and desire for an alternative = defeats seen as the Tsar's personal failings = further food shortages, desperate hoarding peasants = evidence that change was needed, highlighting weaknesses Consecutive failings highlighted weaknesses of the Tsar Bad decisions Public opinion Tsarina Alexandra was very unpopular Multiple bad decisions = questioning his leadership The Tsar often travelled to the front, leaving the two of them in charge People used to believe the Tsar's power was God-given Her adviser, Rasputin, was even more so. Result? Deep hatred for the Tsarina and Rasputin, and a complete loss of faith in the government. The Impact of WW1. Conclusion? Exacerbated underlying problems Highlighted the unpopular influence of Rasputin and the Tsarina The Tsar was directly responsible for military defeats The influence of war was present in all other aspects which led to the downfall of the Tsar.
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