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Transcript of CANADA'S
From 2012 Canada's population increased by 404,000 with an increase rate of +1.2% in 2013
Canada vs The World
Canada is 37th most populated country in the world
Effects Of The Population On The Economy
Birth Rate: Is the total number of births per 1000 people in a population
Has a direct impact on the economy and the lifestyle in Canada.
Decline is quite expensive in many aspects, for instance: schools, elderly care and hospitals.
In the coming decades, the labor force participation of Canada is likely to decrease because the growing proportion of the population will be in the old age category.
Productivity Growth Rate
Between 2000 and 2008, the rate of productivity growth in Canada averaged 0.7%, compared with 1.6% over the 1980-to-1999 period.
Given Canada’s relatively poor productivity performance since 2000, economists believe that the rate of productivity growth over the coming decades will be too small to balance the anticipated unfavourale effects of population aging on the rate of real GDP growth
What Caused Population Increase?
Religion and Ethnic Ancestry Among the Population
Immigration to Canada is the main cause of population increase
Until early 1990s natural increase was the main cause of population growth
However after mid-1990s the main cause of population growth became immigration
By 2030 deaths in Canada are expected to over come the number of births, this will cause immigration to become the only source of increase in population in Canada
The Most Recent Estimated Population of Canada is 35,158,300
Unless the rate of productivity growth rises in the future, population aging is anticipated to slow Canada’s economic growth rate and the associated rate of growth in the tax base available to governments
At the same time, government expenditures related to public pensions and health care are expected to increase
Government of Canada will need to discover ways to improve Canada’s productivity performance in order to address the challenge of producing the goods and services the entire population wants with limited employees.
Aging Population Vs. Working Age Population
The last estimated Population density of Canada per square kilometer is 3.7
In 2011 more than 200 ethnic groups were reported to be in Canada
Seniors have the fastest growing age group
In 2011, an estimated 5.0 million Canadians were 65 years of age or older, and it is expect to double in the next 25 years
Over the next two decades, the growth in the elderly population of Canada is expected to increase as the largest cohort in Canadian history reach the age of 65.
Growth in the working age population (15-64) will slow down significantly.
Economists are predicting serious financial challenges in Canada as a result of this demographic shift.
In Canada we have individuals who identify themselves as Christians, Muslim, Jewish, Buddhist, Sikhs, Hindus, and many others. We also have individuals who have no religious affiliation.
Estimated Population of Canadian Provinces and Territories
The life expectancy in Canada shows men living to be around an average of 80.4 years
In comparison, Niger has the highest fertility rate in the world,which is 7.03 births per woman, this high rate is due to teenage marriages and preference of large families
Toronto is Canada's largest city and home to over 5 million people
Toronto has also been called the most multicultural city in the world, where more than 100 languages and dialects are spoken
women have a higher life expectancy and live to be around 84.6 years of age.
The fertility rate in Canada has decreased from 1.66 children born/ woman in 2007 to 1.61 children born/woman in 2011 and is well below the minimum of 2.0 required for population replacement
Fertility Rate – number of live births for every woman age 15-45.
Women that are working full time while raising children are having fewer children because of the issue of childcare
33.2 per square km
400.5 per square km
142 per square km
By: Rutba Rahman, Ramla A. Jaffry and Areeba Arif
Thank You For Listening
Canada's Fertility Rates Compared
8.7 per square km
Niger has the highest birth rate in the world of 42.78 births per people, higher birth rates can cause poverty over an entire country
Women under the age of 20-24 are delaying childbirth until the ages of 30-35 due to education and establishment of careers
Birth Rate Vs. Death Rate
Population by year, by province and territory (Number). (2013, November 25). Government of Canada, Statistics Canada. Retrieved February 9, 2014, from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/tables-tableaux/sum-som/l01/cst01/demo02a-eng.htm
Population density (people per sq. km) in India. (n.d.). Population density (people per sq. km) in India. Retrieved February 10, 2014, from http://www.tradingeconomics.com/india/population-density-people-per-sq-km-wb-data.html
Population and dwelling counts. (2012, February 8). 2011 Census:. Retrieved February 10, 2014, from http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/rt-td/index-eng.cfm#tab1
Canada Population 2013. (2013, December 6). - World Population Review. Retrieved February 10, 2014, from http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/canada-population/
Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity in Canada. (n.d.). Statistic Canada. Retrieved February 8, 2014, from http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/as-sa/99-010-x/99-010-x2011001-eng.cfm
Current Publications: Economics and finance. (n.d.). : Canada's Aging Population and Public Policy: 2. The Effects on Economic Growth and Government Finances (2011-121-E). Retrieved February 10, 2014, from http://www.parl.gc.ca/Content/LOP/ResearchPublications/2011-121-e.htm
Baklinski, T. (2013, July 11). LifeSiteNews Mobile | Canada’s birthrate falls for 3rd year in a row, to 1.61. LifeSiteNews. Retrieved February 10, 2014, from http://www.lifesitenews.com/news/canadas-birthrate-falls-for-3rd-year-in-a-row-to-161
About Ontario. (n.d.). Ontario.ca. Retrieved February 10, 2014, from http://www.ontario.ca/government/about-ontario
Changing Birth Rates in Canada. (2013, March 27). Society,The Individual and Medicine, University of Ottawa. Retrieved February 10, 2014, from http://www.med.uottawa.ca/sim/data/Birth
Harris, M. (2013, July 9). ‘Domestic dream’ of 2.5 children per woman long gone as fertility rate declines for third year in row. National Post Canada. Retrieved February 10, 2014, from http://news.nationalpost.com/2013/07/09/domestic-dream-of-2-5-children-per-woman-long-gone-as-fertility-rate-declines-for-third-year-in-row/
Death rate : The ratio of of total deaths per 1000 people in a population
In Canada our birth rate is 10.28 births/1,000 people in a population and is in 188th position of the world's 224 countries
our death rate is 7.74 deaths/1000 people in a population