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History of Rock and Roll
Transcript of History of Rock and Roll
What's Happening in History
Pearl Harbor, 1941
FDR dies, United Nations are founded, 1945
Truman Wins, 1948
Main Issue, Segregation
African American communities
Song Form, AAB
A, 1st line of lyrics
A, 2nd line of lyrics, same as the first
B, longer line of lyrics, usually embellished
Call-and-response shouts were an early form of blues-like music
Post WWII, lyrics started to tell a story
Blue Notes, lowered third, seventh and sometimes fifth scale degrees of the otherwise major scale
Country Music, Firmly established in the 1930’s
A blend of traditional and popular musical forms traditionally found in the Southern United States and the Canadian Maritimes
Two styles of country emerged:
a. Honky Tonk, this style appropriated the rhythmic drive for jazz, making prominent use of a rhythm section of piano, bass and drums
b. The Mainstream Style of country continued into the 1950’s and 60’s, led by Buck Owens, Carl Smith and most notably Johnny Cash
a. Singing in the nasal sound
b. 1930’s instrumentation, one or two fiddles, a banjo, guitar, including a steel guitar, to produce the sliding effect and bass.
Muddy Waters, 1915 - 1983
Rollin and Tumblin
Most notable for his cover
of "Shake Rattle and Roll"
Well established by the end of the decade
and offered another medium by which to
reach the willing youth
Bill Haley and "Bill Haley
with Haley's Comets"
Smudged the colour bar,
playing country with a
blues beat and covering
blues songs with a
The world saw trouble with the emergence of this new form of music
The World's View
Countries banned early rock music
Just lost WWII, Germany was a breeding ground for this music
The presence of Elvis Presley and Little Richard helpped to promote
The Beatles playing in the clubs of Hamburg
Born in St. Louis, Missouri, on October 18th 1926
A Bluesman who sang hillbilly
Early 1955, performing with Johnnie Johnson
- Met Muddy Waters
- asked about getting a record label
- suggested Leonard Chess of Chess records
May 21st 1955
- "Maybellene" orginally titled "Ida May", based off of a song
from country bopper Bob Willis's "Ida Red"
- Chess records conselled a bit more of a disquise
Eventually...Berry took over leadership of the band
mid-1956, "Roll Over Beethoven"
1958, "Johnny B' Goode"
- borrowed heavily
Influenced the Beatles and The Rolling Stones
- Beatles covered a lot of Berry's songs
- "Come On" covered by The Rolling Stones
- This revitalized his career
Inducted to the Rock - N - Roll Hall of Fame in 1986.
Keith Richards inducted who made a career based on Berry's guitar style, who borrowed it from T-Bone Walker
Born September 23, 1930
No "one" style
Recorded "I've got a Woman" on 18th of November
sang his lyrics in a "churchy" fashion. Helped to
lay the ground work for Soul.
Born, September 6th, 1936
Born January 8th 1935, Mississippi
Influenced by Pop, country, gospel and R&B
A turn of events that would reshape and define Elvis
In March 1958, Elvis Presley was drafted into the US Army
Lost his Mother while in Germany
Appeared on the Ed Sullivan Show, where the cameras were forced to move away from risque moves
Elvis Presley went back to his roots
How Great Thou Art, 1967
His Final Years
Downward Spiral starting in 1971
In the Hospital three times during 1975
August 16th 1977, Elvis Presley died of heart failure
1955, starts to make the transition from country based music to rockabilly
1956, signs with Decca Records
Records, That'll be the day" in 1956
Hits no.1, "Peggy Sue" follows right after and hits no. 3
Performs in 1958 at Surf Ballroom in Iowa. Charters a plane to fly him to North Dakota, he flys with Ritchie Valens, J. P. Richardson aka The Big Bopper...
The plane crashes 8 miles into the flight
In 1976, Long fan Paul McCartney buys teh rights to the entire Holly collection
What's Happening in History
Bay of Pigs Invasion, 1961
Peace Corp Founded, 1961
Berlin Wall was Built, 1961
JFK, Assassinated, 1963
"I have a dream...", MLK, 1963
Civil Rights Act Passes, 1964
Veitnam War, U.S. sends troops, 1965
Woodstock, "Summer of Love, 1969
August 15th - 18th, 1969
Bethel, New York
Known as, "An Aquarian Exposition"
Music and Peace
The Rock Festival has begome a Political forum
Wednesday, August 13, some 60,000 people had already arrived
The 600-acre Dairy farm
History's largest Happening, 4 Days, half-a-million people
June 16th - 18th, 1967
Monterey County fairgrounds
attracted up to 90,000 people before the festival was over
Beginnings of the "Summer of Love"
Used as a template for other Rock Concerts,
most notably "Woodstock"
Monterey was the first time in front a large and prodominantly white audiance
Became am even bigger hit just weeks earlier for Aretha Franklin
This Festival gave him the attention that he deserved,
however died 6 months later in a plane crash
The Mama's and the Papa's
Performed as the closing act for the festival. Member John Phillips helped to organize the festival
The Rolling Stones
Up Coming Styles
1960's UK Rock,
US Rock and Soul
The Fab Four
Definition: A shared experience, a relantionship with the listener
All record-buyers were clamouring to partake in the Soul experience
Soul was linked to Gospel, first seen with Ray Charles
major indepedent soul superstar
payed for his own live album in 1962, "Live at the Apollo"
Record company said it would not sell
Took the world by surprise, with and all-action stage act
Soul evetually became homogenized in 1970's
Memphis sound of Hi
The Supremes, The Impressions and The Four Tops
create the template for future soul artist
wanted to produce music with a dance beat that would become mainstream
a mixture of gospel, and rhythm and blues
Most successful music
set up by Berry Gordy Jr. in 1959
used an $8000.00 loan
Taking its name from Debbie Reynolds film, "Tammy"
Motor Town, detroit being the home for Ford Motors
Connected with "The Miracles", Smoky Robinson was the lead singer who persuaded Berry to press and distribute his own records
African American music was popular with the rebellious youth, known as the Mods
This paved the way for groups such as:
The Small Faces
meld their early rhythm and blues influences with a peculiarly british style
wrote songs that perfectly defined the mood and character of the country
Brisith Invasion, these bands headed to the US to find Fame and Fortune
... in turn
Rock Comes of Age
Becomes the pre-eminent culture force
the impact and importance outstripping
it affects them ALL
The British Invasion
From Liverpool...known as The Beatles
proved that their could be longevity to the Pop phenonmenon
Manager was Brian Epstein
Groomed the Fab Four
started playing clubs in Hamburg's nottorious Reeperbahn
John Lennon (1940-80)
Paul MacCartney (1942-)
George Harrison (1943-2001)
Richard Starkey, aka Ringo Star (1940-
pre and post-war popular music
country and western
The Rolling Stones
Surpassed Elvis Presley's standards, critically, commercially and artistically
Songs like, "Please Please Me", " She Loves You" and " I Want to Hold Your Hand" helped the band conquer Britain in 1963
Press aptly termed this "Beatlesmania"
"A Hard Days Night", first highly acclaimed film
"Can't buy Me Love" and "I Feel Fine" saw them take America by storm in 1964
Eventually The Beatles quit touring and withdrew to EMI studios, this marked the second leg of their all ready artistically career.
Between 1966 - 1969, drawing from a vast array of influnces which includes social, personal and cultural. The Beatles some of the most imaginitive and original music to date.
This includes albums "Revolver" (1966), "The White Album" (1968), "Abbey Road" (1967).
Pete Townshend, born May 19th, 1945, Guitar
Roger Daltrey, born March 1st, 1944, Vocals
John Entwistle, (1944 - 2002), Bass
Keith Moon, (1947 - 1978), Drums
The Mod Years
Decca Records and Producer Sel Talmy
Produce Hits, "I Can't Explain", "Anyway, Anyhow, Anywhere" and "My Generation"
1967, Kit Lamber is now Producer, The Who finally achieve American success.
"Happy Jack", hit top 40's
"I Can See for Miles", hit top 10, which resulted in the bands appearance on Monterey Pop Festival
1969, Pete Townshend composes
the Rock Opera, "Tommy".
This transformed rock to a
Ne0 - Classical artform
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds
In 1964, they develped from two other groups.
High Numbers, included Daltrey, Townshend and Entwhistle
Beachcombers, Keith Moon
"Hope I die before I get old"
Overture for "Tommy"
Tommy, "Pinball Wizard
"Won't Get Fooled Again"
Rock Opera - "Quadrophenia
Love Reign O'er Me, 1982
The Who did a Farewell Tour in 1982
The Last Time
This song helped the Stones discover their sound
Jumpin Jack Flash
Brian Jones died in 1969, he helped to define the Stones sound at this point
Sixties UK Rock