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Present Perfect vs Simple Past

Presentation for teaching/learning usage in an ESL Classroom on a HEB environment

Gabby Barocio

on 6 January 2013

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Transcript of Present Perfect vs Simple Past

When do we use each
tense in English? Simple Past Present Perfect Simple Past vs Present Perfect Grammar has meaning! Different grammar tenses are used in different situations or contexts and they carry different meanings Is used for actions that happened in the past and is: over, done, finished! Use it for actions that started in the
past, but are still true today. Always refers to an action or situation that is finished. Connects the past and the present. It is used to show that an action or situation in the past continues today, OR might happen again. 2010 2011 Examples in context 2001 2012 2006 By using the simple past tense, we mean that Sara started living in Boston 5 years ago . . . AND . . . then she moved! Sarah has lived in NYC for 5 years By using the present perfect tense, we mean: that Sarah began living in
New York City 5 years ago . . .
AND . . . she still lives there. Past Present Present
Perfect Connects We often use it to say that we have never done something at any time in the past or to say that something happened sooner than expected. Use the present perfect with time words like: recently/lately since … so far this week, month, year, etc. Sara lived in Boston for 5 years Remember! If you are talking about a specific time
in the past (yesterday, last month, etc.),
you cannot use the present perfect.
In these cases, use the simple past. Yesterday, Amy and Jason studied for today's test. Developed by: Gabby Barocio ESL Teacher gbarocio@tecmilenio.mx
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