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Let's make a Journey into into Shakespeare's HAMLET!
Transcript of Let's make a Journey into into Shakespeare's HAMLET!
The Tragical Historie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark.
GENRE, SUBGENRE: Drama, Revenge Tragedy.
TIME AND PLACE WRITTEN: London, early 17th century (probably about 1600-1602).
SETTING TIME AND PLACE: Late medieval period, Denmark (and other spots in Europe).
TONE: Melancholic, mysterious, ironic and sometimes violent.
WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT THIS PLAY?
WHAT ASPECTS DO WE HAVE TO TAKE INTO ACCOUNT TO UNDERSTAND HAMLET?
1. THE RENAISSANCE MOVEMENT OF 15TH CENTURY (ITALY).
2. THE HISTORICAL CONTEXT.
'S LITERARY ORIGINS.
3 MAIN ASPECTS
1. THE RENAISSANCE MOVEMENT
Rediscovery of classical texts.
New interest in human experiences.
Influenced by Pico della Mirandola's
Oration on the Dignity of man
The understanding of how to act was considered a profit for society.
2. the historical context
Similar situation of the plot of Hamlet in England.
Final years of the reign of Queen Elisabeth I that lead to questions on the next successor.
Anxiety in the society.
Many Shakespeare's plays focus on power related to royalty.
By Saxo Grammaticus.
The principal plot already appears.
By Fraçois de Belleforest.
Accurate French translation of the 'Historiae Danicae'.
Introduction of the hero's melancholy.
The Spanish Tragedy
By Thomas Kyd.
New genre within English theatre: the Revenge Tragedy.
Introduction of violent tone and a character as personification of Revenge.
No text has survived until today.
Probably by Thomas Kyd as well.
Maybe the major source to create his Hamlet.
Introduction of Gothic elements.
Shakespeare's only son, called Hamnet, died at age 11.
Well, now that you know the principal ideas to understand Hamlet, let's see
which are the most common elements in Elizabethan tragedies, or more accurate would be to say:
within REVENGE TRAGEDY
IN THIS KIND OF DRAMA, WE CAN FIND:
Revenge as main theme
play within the play
heavy language, not very fluid
normally divided into 5 or 6 acts
Now I think we can start analysing Hamlet!!!!
and the first question is...
's plot about?
let's figure out in this video!! by the way, don't think it ends happily...its a drama!!!
well, not so easy...right? Let's continue analysing some characters to clarify the plot...
PRINCE HAMLET: THE PROTAGONIST
He is deeply melancholic for the death of his father, very concerned for knowing the cause of it.
THE GHOST: LATE KING HAMLET
The spirit of Hamlet's father
ask him to seek revenge on his death after being murdered by his own brother.
murderer of his father
. He marries his mother at the beginning of the play, that's why Hamlet is really upset and melancholic at the same time!
, recently married to Claudius. A woman who seeks status and affection more than acting according to one's consciousness.
(Lord Chamberlain of Claudius). A
Hamlet is more contemplative whereas Laertes is more decisive and impulsive in taking his revenge.
Polonius' daughter and Laertes' sister. In the play she is
An innocent and young girl who obeys her father and brother without complaining.
Prince of Norway
. His father was killed by Hamlet's father.
Now Fortimbras wants to conquest Denmark to avenge his father's honor.
another FOIL for Hamlet
the situation is getting clearer? then, let's continue!!
and the second question is...
Which are the most common theatrical and literary devices?
Essential in this play! It differentiates Shakespeare's Hamlet from the others. They have a philosophic perspective.
Express irony and premonition. Contribute to the understanding of the plot.
PLAY WITHIN A PLAY:
'The Murder of Gonzago' or also 'the mousetrap'.
reflect that real life can be like play-acting.
Not so relevant in this play.
Ironic, violent, desperate, melancholic but most contemplative.
Verse (iambic pentameter in blank verse) and prose are both used.
Spread throughout Hamlet's soliloquies. They refer to philosophical questions.
To create ironic tone.Others like antithesis, alliterations, allusions or metaphors are also used.
most famous soliloquy:
'To be or not to be, that's the question...' > analyzes the most controversial themes of the period like:
suicide, is it moral or not?
to act or not to act against your conscience?
there is life after death or not?
how will be afterlife?
well, after this review of main devices in Hamlet...
the third question is...
let's see the main points...
Typical five-act structure:
Act 1: exposition.
Act 2: rising action and further complication.
Act 3: climax (point of no return).
Act 4: falling action.
Act 5: resolution of the conflicts.
Not complex. It progresses in a linear fashion.
Events happen in
, alterning 3 fifferent stories: Fortimbras', Hamlet's and Polonius' stories.
We can find some narrative elements:
When Hamlet recounts the events with pirates some time after they occurred and
When the play-within-a-play reveals how Claudius murdered King Hamlet.
The stabbing of Polonius foreshadows the stabbing of Claudius
The victorious return of Fortinbras foreshadows his ascension to the Danish throne.
Now, we have almost finished!!
and the last question is...
What are the main themes, motifs and symbols in
let's have a look!!
LET'S WATCH SOME VIDEOS ABOUT THE MAIN THEMES!!
DEATH & AFTERLIFE
CERTAINTY & UNCERTAINTY
REESTABLISHMENT OF BALANCE
COMPLEXITY OF ACTION
CERTAINTY & UNCERTAINTY
DEATH & AFTERLIFE
EARS AND HEARING
EARS AND HEARING
well, that was all!! so now let's analyse hamlet's conclusion!!
and now my question is...
What did you learn with
my opinion is...
THAT'S THE ESSENCE!!!
What do you know about this play?
my sources were:
Add some biographical Elements: