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Let's make a Journey into into Shakespeare's HAMLET!

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EVA AMERY GONZALEZ PEÑA

on 16 January 2014

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Transcript of Let's make a Journey into into Shakespeare's HAMLET!

Let's make a journey into Shakespeare's HAMLET!
KEY FACTS
FULL TITLE:
The Tragical Historie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark.
GENRE, SUBGENRE: Drama, Revenge Tragedy.
TIME AND PLACE WRITTEN: London, early 17th century (probably about 1600-1602).
SETTING TIME AND PLACE: Late medieval period, Denmark (and other spots in Europe).
TONE: Melancholic, mysterious, ironic and sometimes violent.
WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT THIS PLAY?
WHAT ASPECTS DO WE HAVE TO TAKE INTO ACCOUNT TO UNDERSTAND HAMLET?
1. THE RENAISSANCE MOVEMENT OF 15TH CENTURY (ITALY).
2. THE HISTORICAL CONTEXT.
3.
HAMLET
'S LITERARY ORIGINS.
3 MAIN ASPECTS
1. THE RENAISSANCE MOVEMENT
Rediscovery of classical texts.
New interest in human experiences.
Influenced by Pico della Mirandola's
Oration on the Dignity of man
.
The understanding of how to act was considered a profit for society.
2. the historical context
Similar situation of the plot of Hamlet in England.
Final years of the reign of Queen Elisabeth I that lead to questions on the next successor.
Anxiety in the society.
Many Shakespeare's plays focus on power related to royalty.
3.hamlet's origins
XII Century
1570
1582-92
1589
Historiae Danicae
By Saxo Grammaticus.
Nordic Saga.
The principal plot already appears.
Histoires Tragiques
By Fraçois de Belleforest.
Accurate French translation of the 'Historiae Danicae'.
Introduction of the hero's melancholy.
The Spanish Tragedy
By Thomas Kyd.
New genre within English theatre: the Revenge Tragedy.
Introduction of violent tone and a character as personification of Revenge.
Ur-Hamlet
No text has survived until today.
Probably by Thomas Kyd as well.
Maybe the major source to create his Hamlet.
Introduction of Gothic elements.
Shakespeare's only son, called Hamnet, died at age 11.
Coincidence?...
Well, now that you know the principal ideas to understand Hamlet, let's see
which are the most common elements in Elizabethan tragedies, or more accurate would be to say:
within REVENGE TRAGEDY
IN THIS KIND OF DRAMA, WE CAN FIND:
Revenge as main theme
play within the play
heavy language, not very fluid
poetic expressions
classical writing
Iambic pentameter
patterned speech
normally divided into 5 or 6 acts
Now I think we can start analysing Hamlet!!!!
and the first question is...
What is
Hamlet
's plot about?
let's figure out in this video!! by the way, don't think it ends happily...its a drama!!!
well, not so easy...right? Let's continue analysing some characters to clarify the plot...
PRINCE HAMLET: THE PROTAGONIST
He is deeply melancholic for the death of his father, very concerned for knowing the cause of it.
THE GHOST: LATE KING HAMLET
The spirit of Hamlet's father
ask him to seek revenge on his death after being murdered by his own brother.
KING CLAUDIUS
Hamlet's uncle
and the
murderer of his father
. He marries his mother at the beginning of the play, that's why Hamlet is really upset and melancholic at the same time!
QUEEN GERTRUDE
Hamlet's mother
, recently married to Claudius. A woman who seeks status and affection more than acting according to one's consciousness.
LAERTES
Polonius' son
(Lord Chamberlain of Claudius). A
FOIL

for Hamlet
.
Hamlet is more contemplative whereas Laertes is more decisive and impulsive in taking his revenge.
OPHELIA
Polonius' daughter and Laertes' sister. In the play she is
Hamlet's love
.
An innocent and young girl who obeys her father and brother without complaining.
FORTIMBRAS
Prince of Norway
. His father was killed by Hamlet's father.
Now Fortimbras wants to conquest Denmark to avenge his father's honor.
He is
another FOIL for Hamlet
.
MAIN CHARACTERS
the situation is getting clearer? then, let's continue!!
and the second question is...
within Hamlet,
Which are the most common theatrical and literary devices?
SOLILOQUY:
Essential in this play! It differentiates Shakespeare's Hamlet from the others. They have a philosophic perspective.
ASIDE:
Express irony and premonition. Contribute to the understanding of the plot.
PLAY WITHIN A PLAY:
'The Murder of Gonzago' or also 'the mousetrap'.

reflect that real life can be like play-acting.
STAGE DIRECTIONS:
Not so relevant in this play.
Tone:
Ironic, violent, desperate, melancholic but most contemplative.
Writing style:
Verse (iambic pentameter in blank verse) and prose are both used.
Conceit:
Spread throughout Hamlet's soliloquies. They refer to philosophical questions.
Puns:
To create ironic tone.Others like antithesis, alliterations, allusions or metaphors are also used.


conceit
most famous soliloquy:
'To be or not to be, that's the question...' > analyzes the most controversial themes of the period like:
suicide, is it moral or not?
to act or not to act against your conscience?
there is life after death or not?
how will be afterlife?
well, after this review of main devices in Hamlet...
the third question is...
How is
Hamlet
's structure?
let's see the main points...
hamlet's structure
dramatic form
Typical five-act structure:
Act 1: exposition.
Act 2: rising action and further complication.
Act 3: climax (point of no return).
Act 4: falling action.
Act 5: resolution of the conflicts.
NARRATION
Not complex. It progresses in a linear fashion.
Events happen in
chronological order
, alterning 3 fifferent stories: Fortimbras', Hamlet's and Polonius' stories.
We can find some narrative elements:
flashback
When Hamlet recounts the events with pirates some time after they occurred and
When the play-within-a-play reveals how Claudius murdered King Hamlet.
Foreshadowing

The stabbing of Polonius foreshadows the stabbing of Claudius
The victorious return of Fortinbras foreshadows his ascension to the Danish throne.
Now, we have almost finished!!
and the last question is...
What are the main themes, motifs and symbols in
Hamlet
?
let's have a look!!
main themes
REVENGE
SYMBOLS
MOTIFS
LET'S WATCH SOME VIDEOS ABOUT THE MAIN THEMES!!
BETRAYAL
DEATH & AFTERLIFE
CORRUPTION
ACTED MADNESS
CERTAINTY & UNCERTAINTY
SPYING
REESTABLISHMENT OF BALANCE
COMPLEXITY OF ACTION
MYSTERY
CERTAINTY & UNCERTAINTY
DEATH & AFTERLIFE
MISOGYNY
EARS AND HEARING
POISON
YORICK'S SKULL
THE GHOST
EARS AND HEARING
YORICK'S SKULL
HAMLET'S CUSTOME
FLOWERS
well, that was all!! so now let's analyse hamlet's conclusion!!
and now my question is...
What did you learn with
Hamlet
?
my opinion is...
THAT'S THE ESSENCE!!!
What do you know about this play?
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_was_Shakespeare's_inspiration_for_Hamlet#slide=4
http://shakespeare.mit.edu/hamlet/full.html
http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=hamlet+60+second+recap&sm=3
http://www.sparknotes.com/
http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20071018075709AALJjhN
http://www.wordreference.com/es/
http://www.shmoop.com/hamlet/setting.html
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_was_Shakespeare's_inspiration_for_Hamlet#slide=4
http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20071018075709AALJjhN
http://shakespeare.mit.edu/hamlet/full.html
http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20100123201839AAR5WUA
http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mart%C3%ADn_Lutero#Su_vida_mon.C3.A1stica_y_acad.C3.A9mica
http://www.shmoop.com/hamlet/setting.html
http://prezi.com/pc4vn8ecfico/lets-make-a-journey-into-into-shakespeares-hamlet/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sources_of_Hamlet
https://archive.org/details/historiaedanicae12saxo
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Spanish_Tragedy
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sources_of_Hamlet#The_Ur-Hamlet
http://books.google.es/books?id=F_BlOyKODFUC&pg=PA91&lpg=PA91&dq=patterned+speech+in+drama&source=bl&ots=W_-GDjuWZQ&sig=mi2AGFtZRJr1a70XpK3NGpUVhL4&hl=es&sa=X&ei=ewzTUsjGBaGmyQOjnoHgDA&ved=0CD8Q6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=patterned%20speech%20in%20drama&f=false
http://pinkmonkey.com/booknotes/monkeynotes/pmHamlet38.asp
http://www.storyispromise.com/hamlet.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamlet#Dramatic_structure
http://www.lotsofessays.com/viewpaper/1711646.html
http://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=13832
http://www.shakespeare-online.com/quickquotes/quickquotehamletkin.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conceit
http://www.enotes.com/homework-help/what-conceit-s-hamlets-first-soliloquy-act-sc-ii-109223
http://www.bardweb.net/content/readings/hamlet/lines.html
http://www.bardweb.net/globe.html
http://cla.calpoly.edu/~dschwart/engl339/verseprose.html
http://www.shmoop.com/hamlet/writing-style.html
http://www.enotes.com/homework-help/literary-devices-hamlet-385844
http://www.enotes.com/homework-help/what-conceit-s-hamlets-first-soliloquy-act-sc-ii-109223
http://www.shmoop.com/hamlet/writing-style.html


my sources were:
Add some biographical Elements:
Full transcript