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Angola Genocide (1975-2002)
Transcript of Angola Genocide (1975-2002)
from the Bantu kingdom of Ndongo, whose name for
its king is
Explored by the Portuguese navigator Diego Cao in 1482.
Following World War II, independence movements began but were sternly suppressed by Portuguese military forces.
In the last few months Angolans have taken to the streets demanding the removal of President Jose Eduardo dos Santos, who has been in power for 32 years. It is mostly young Angolans who are now demanding the resignation of a leader who was never actually elected in the first place. Security forces have been brutal in breaking up the demonstrations.
The displaced populations who suffered directly from the armed violence, the traumatized and dislocated, show greater religiousness.
Angolans are trying really hard to build up what has been destroyed.
Image by Tom Mooring
Angola Genocide (1975-2002)
Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola
National Front for the Liberation of Angola
National Union for the Total Independenced of Angola
Angola, more than three times the
size of California, extends for more than, 1000 miles along the Southwest of Africa.
Organized in 1966 by elements formerly associated with the National Front for the Liberation of Angola (FNLA) and the Popular Union of Angola.
Led by Jonas Savimbi (leader of UNITA)
At first the party had a Maoist stance, but it later adopted an anti-left stance when it began cooperating with Portuguese officials against the Soviet-supported MPLA.
During the War
The UNITA continued to battle the MPLA
and cast itself as an anticommunist guerrilla movement.
In September 1998 Savimbi faced opposition within UNITA when a group calling itself UNITA Renavado suspended him and became the self-decleare leadership of the party.
After Savimbi was killed by government troops in February 2002, a cautious optimism began to prevail.
In April 2002 UNITA officials and the Angolan government signed an agreement to end hostilities, bringing a close to 27 years of civil war.
August 03, 1934
February 22, 2002
Founded in 1956 the MPLA merged two nationalist organizations and was centered in the country's capital of Luanda.
From 1962 it was led by Agostinho Neto, who eventually became Angola's first president.
The MPLA refashioned itself as a Marxist-Leninist party and added the words Party of Labour (PT)
Neto died in Moscow in 1979 and succeeded by Jose dos Santos. He shifted the party from its Marxist-Leninist stance to one more conducive to establishing relations with Western countries.
present day as president of Angola
Founded in 1962, the FNLA's leader, Holden Roberto, had one prime mission for the group; to restore the home of the ethnic Bakongo people in northern Angola and southern Zaire, known as the "Kongo Kindom."
The FNLA played a minor role in Angola's post-colonial civil war but left their allies, UNITA to fight.
In 1984, 1,500 FNLA fighters and 20,000 civilian supporters surrendered, prompting Roberto to accept the MPLA's amnesty agreement, effectively shutting down the militant arm the FNLA.
In 1975, Jose dos Santos, the armed forces and the police, committed crimes against humanity by the steady practice of acts of political and tribal genocide.
On a day known as the "Bloody Friday", the MPLA militant, the rapid intervention police and the armed forces, carried out a selective assassination in Luanda of hundreds of Angolans of ethnic Bakongo.
The MPLA airforce carried out a deliberate bombardment of a primary school in Waku-Kungo. More than 150 children were killed.
During the implementation of the extension of central administration, under Lusaka protocol, the MPLA armed forces and the police murdered more than 1,200 UNITA personnel of its national structural organization.
The MPLA carried out selective assassinations in Luanda. More than 150 Angolans of ethnic ovimbundu were murdered.
Monua confirmed the massacre of more than 100 business people in Bula.
The massacre in Malange of 300 people: Angolans, Congolese and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
The pica-pau genocide in Luanda where the MPLA people's power assassinated 300 UNITA militants.
The MPLA armed forces with the complicity of a detachment of the Portuguese armed forces, carried out the massacre of more than 2,000 supporters.
The MPLA forces murdered more than 200 UNITA militants in Kassamba
A genocide took place in Luanda, carried out by the MPLA military, the rapid intervention police and the armed forces. More than 30,000 UNITA supporters and Angolans of ethnic ovimbundu and many thousands more in other parts of Angola were murdered.
POEPLE WERE KILLED ):