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Assessment of Learning disabilities, Tourette's, and ADHD
Transcript of Assessment of Learning disabilities, Tourette's, and ADHD
Listen, think, speak, read, write, spell or do math 51% of all children with disabilities receive services under the LD category 5 out of every 100 students in the U.S. is diagnosed with LD ACCOMODATIONS for assessments:
modify assignments; less problems
tests in private rooms
avoid reading aloud (tics)
computer to type notes
How to Assess?
There is no alternative test to take,
only accomodations to make ACCOMODATIONS:
a "read along" technique
allow typed work
allow "wait time"
extended exam time
books on cd's vs reading COMMON LD'S
auditory processing disorder
visual processing disorder IDEA vs 504 plan
ADHD is not listed as a “qualifying” disability, it is listed as a condition under the “Other Health Impaired” category
Section 504 offers the child with ADHD some protection, but is broader than IDEA and does not include an Individualized Education Plan.
- does require teacher's to make accomodations IDEA 2004 requires that Evaluations be provided and administered in “forms most likely to yield accurate information on what the child knows and can do academically, developmentally, and functionally.” The focus is not strictly on the academic achievement of the child, but must now include developmental and functional abilities, which are important considerations for students with TS How to Diagnose:
there is no formal test
diagnosis must be made by a doctor
symptoms need to negatively affect life in some way
symptoms must be present in more than one setting (school and home)
symptoms must begin before age 7
According to the DSM-IV, there are three subtypes of ADHD
Predominantly Inattentive Subtype (ADD)
Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Subtype
Combined Subtype ADHD is not in itself a specific learning disability. But because it can interfere with concentration and attention, ADHD can make it doubly hard for a child with LD to do well in school How to Diagnose:
student and parent interviews
behavior rating scales
Criteria to Diagnosis:
There are no clinical or medical tests for definitively ruling Tourette's syndrome.
Both motor tics and vocal tics must be present, although not necessarily at the same time
Tics occur several times a day, nearly every day or intermittently, for more than a year. There must not be a break in tics for more than a three-month period.
the onset of tics occurs before age 18
Tics aren't caused by medications, other substances or another medical condition Types of Tics:
the most common tics involve the head
grunting, coughing, sniffing
3-10% of children in each state (U.S.)
–2.5 million school age children–are diagnosed with ADHD Up to two thirds of children who are diagnosed with ADHD also have a secondary disorder such as depression, an anxiety disorder or Tourette Syndrome
give extra time
only one task at a time
maintain eye contact
avoid distracting stimuli Types of Assessments:
- norm-referenced tests
- criterion- referenced tests
- check lists/ rating scales
- parent interviews How to Diagnose:
Review of educational records
Review of student work
Medical, vision, and hearing and
Developmental and Social History
Fine and Gross Motor Evaluation
Speech and Language Assessment
Intellectual Ability or "IQ" tests
Assessment of Academic Skills
Social and Emotional Testing
Psychiatric Testing Assessment:
no specialized test
only accomodations 1-10 of every 1000 US children suffers from this condition. Tic Severity
There are rating scales to help with the assessment of tic severity. ADHD Specific-Rating Scales:
both the parents and the teacher will have to fill out scales/checklists to obtain information that is neceessary for an appropriate evaluation. By: Kaitlin Olufs and Alexis Peterson