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A study of effects of bullying in school

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Chelle Gesalan

on 20 February 2014

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Transcript of A study of effects of bullying in school

A study of effects of Bullying in school
Chapter 1
School bullying is a type of bullying that occurs in an educational setting. Bullying can be physical, sexual, verbal, or emotional in nature. School bullying may be more specifically defined as an unwelcome behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. In order to be considered bullying, the behavior must be repeated (or potentially repeated) and aggressive, and must include

• A difference in power: Kids who bully use their physical strength or popularity to control or harm others.
• Repetition: happening more than once or have the potential to happen more than once.

The long term effects of school bullying are numerous, and can include sensitivity, anxiety, and depression. Recent statistics suggest that the majority of students will experience bullying at some point in their academic careers. In the early 21st century, increasing attention has been given to the importance of teachers and parents understanding and recognizing the signs of bullying (among both bullies and victims), and being equipped with strategies and tools to address school bullying.

A. Problem
of the study
• What are the reasons why do people bully others at school?
• What are the effects of bullying in school
• Why does bullying happen in school?
This study shows the problem about bullying in school. This purpose of this research is know more information about bullying. The researcher also wants to know what is the reasons why do people bully others at school?, why does bullying happen in school?, and what are the efeects of bullying in school?
B. Statement of the study
C. Significance of the study
As this study focuses on the victims, who are bullied, this will definitely shed light as to what these students actually feel about these types of incidents.
D. Scope and limitation
This study focuses on the adverse emotional effects of bullying on high school students. This study is limited to high school students.
E. Definition of Terms
1. Anti-bullying – is described as the act or means of being against aggressive behavior that is manifested through coercion or force in order to affect others.
5. Emotional – is often associated and considered reciprocally influential with mood, temperament, personality, disposition, and motivation.
2. Behaviour – is the range of actions and mannerisms made by organisms, systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the physical environment.
3. Bullying - is unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance.
4. Cyber-bullying – is bullying that takes place using electronic technology.
6. Physical bullying – is a serious problem, affecting not only the bully and the victim, but also the other students who witness the bullying.

Bullying is a pattern of repeated physical, verbal, psychological or social aggression that is directed towards a specific student by someone with more power and is intended to cause harm, distress and/or create fear.
Bullying: What Is It?
Bullying might involve repeatedly:
• physically hurting someone
• leaving someone out
• saying mean or humiliating things
• using technology to send nasty messages or images.
A person can be bullied about:
• how they look
• home or family
• schoolwork
• popularity
• achievements
• race or culture
• being male
• being female
• a disability
• their mental health

Types of Bullying

There are three types of bullying:
1. Verbal bullying is saying or writing mean things. Verbal bullying includes:
 Teasing
 Name-calling
 Inappropriate sexual comments
 Threatening to cause harm
2. Social bullying, sometimes referred to as relational bullying, involves hurting someone’s reputation or relationships. Social bullying includes:
 Leaving someone out on purpose
 Telling other children not to be friends with someone
 Spreading rumors about someone
 Embarrassing someone in public
• Physical bullying involves hurting a person’s body or possessions. Physical bullying includes:
 Hitting/kicking/pinching
 Spitting
 Tripping/pushing
 Taking or breaking someone’s things
 Making mean or rude hand gestures

The thing about a bullying situation is that it's more about the insecurity of the bully than the target. For whatever reason, the person doing the bullying feels insecure; exerting power over someone else that person perceives as vulnerable is their unfortunate way of managing those difficult feelings. The feeling of power assuages the insecurity, gets attention and somehow makes the bully feel better about themselves.
This is little consolation if your child is the target of the bullying. It's a reason - not an excuse

This section cites selected literature and studies both foreign and local, which were found related to the present study. It also provides a concise review of related studies that the researchers have prudently gathered and purposely utilized to be able to arrive with knowledge regarding the misbehavior of the high school students in the Philippines
Chapter IV
All of my respondents answered no, “Are you favor of bullying?” it clearly states that all of my respondents not in favor of bullying.
Many of my respondents answered yes, “Do you feel safe at school?” It clearly states that 73% out of 100% said that they feel safe at school.
Many of my respondents answered yes, “Have you ever been bullied in school?” It clearly states that 67% out of 100% said that they have been bullied in school.
Many of my respondents answered yes, “If you have seen someone being bullied, were you able to tell someone?” It clearly states that 70% out of 100% said that they were able to tell someone when someone is being bullied.
Many of my respondents answered no in the question, “Did you report the bullying to a teacher or principal?” it clearly states that 63% out of 100% said that they don’t report the bullying to a teacher or principal.
Many of my respondents answered yes, “Does, or did, your school have an anti-bullying policy in place?” it clearly states that 83% out of 100% said that they have an anti-bullying policy in their school.
Many of my respondents answered yes, “Would you do something if you saw someone been bullied?” it clearly states that 73% out of 100% said that when they saw someone been bullied they would something.
Half of my respondents answered yes and the other half answered no, “Did you receive any help to deal with the bullying incidents?” it clearly state that half of my respondents said that didn’t receive any help to deal with the bullying incidents.
Many of my respondents answered yes, “Does your school need to do more to prevent bullying?” it clearly state that 80% out of 100% said that they need to do more to prevent bullying in school.
Many of my respondents answered no, “Are you still getting bullied?” it clearly state that 73% out of 100% said that they not getting bullied.
This is the reasons why do people bully others at school:

 People can direct frustrations, hurt, anger and difficulty at home or in class to you by bullying.
 Lack of attention from friends, parents or teachers can make a person bully you, just to feel popular and seen as ‘tough’ or ‘cool’ and in charge.
 Some kids have learned bullying from others (parents, brothers or sisters, friends).They have seen them getting their way by being angry or pushing other people around. They believe that by putting fear in you, they will have the best shot at everything in school or in your neighborhood.
 Some people also do that because they are victims themselves.
 Bad up-bringing at home can make people insensitive to other people's feelings and emotions. They are happy to see their classmate depressed, sad and hurt.

People may bully because they:
 are angry or sad and take it out on others
 may have been bullied themselves
 think it will make them popular
 they struggle with school work
 have problems at home
 don't respect people who are different
 think it is funny.

Bullying is a pervasive type of aggression, which often occurs in schools. As with other types of aggression, the harm that is inflicted – whether physical, emotional or both – is intentional. However, bullying has defining features which set it apart from other aggressive behaviors, in that it is repeated, and that the bully or bullies have greater access to power than their victim.

School bullying is pervasive and most children will probably experience it at some stage, either as a witness, a victim, or by being a bully themselves. Large-scale surveys show that it happens across the world, though it can involve different behaviours and have different meanings in different countries. Telling someone usually helps, but this does depend upon how well it is acted upon by the school.
I recommend this research paper not only to the students and also to the teachers and parents because this research will to know what happen in school. Everyone should know the truth about what really happened.

Chapter III
The researcher will use descriptive research which compiling information about bullying specifically on high school students in order to analyze the material and come up with more complete understanding on how bullying affects emotional aspects and our goal is to give answers to question previously stated in our statement of the problem.
The instruments that will be used in this study are questionnaire checklists, and survey form. Several references will be used formulating the final form to be administered.
Formula for percentage:

×100 = percentage of answer
Number of answer
Number of correspondents
Some people think bullying is just part of growing up and a way for young people to learn to stick up for themselves. But bullying makes people upset. It can make you feel lonely, unhappy and frightened. It can make you feel unsafe and think there must be something wrong with you. You lose confidence and may not want to go to school anymore. It may even make you sick.
Bullying can have long-term physical and psychological consequences. Some of these include:

Panic Attacks
Not being able to sleep
Sleeping too much
Being exhausted
• using technology to send nasty messages or images.
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