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Transcript of Salvador Dali
Psychosis in great painters vs “normal” people
Cluster C personality disorders The link between artist creativity & psychopathy Bizarre and mentally disturbed individual or
Compulsive and manipulative liar who faked his own madness in order to gain success? Unstable wreck or Genius ? Psychological illness that was inherited
Dire Wind Theories of Dali’s Mental Illness (Murphy,2009)
Used computerized procedure to provide diagnose of psychotic illness and the presence or absence of the personality disorder listed in the DSM
Dali possibly suffered from Cluster A and Cluster B Personality Disorders
Instability needed to create great art Psychiatric Analysis It was all an act
Alcohol and Drugs Personality traits Consciously created “Artistic ” personality Hallucinations
Unusual sexual behavior, fears and anxieties "You have to systematically
create confusion, it sets creativity free.
Everything that is contradictory creates life." Alicia Morales
Martin Cortez Born Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech
On May 11, 1904 in Figueres, Spain
near the south of France
Salvador Dalí i Cusí(father) & Felipa Domenech Ferrésa(mother)
had a younger sister Birth August 1, 1903 older brother Salvador died and felt he was a reincarnation of him. He appears in many of dali’s later paintings
1916- Dalí attended drawing school & discovered modern painting on a summer vacation trip to Cadaqués
1919 1st public exhibition at the Municipal Theater in Figueres
At the age of 16 his mother dies of breast cancer Young Dali
1922, Dalí enrolled in the Academia de San Fernando in Madrid, Spain
Expelled in 1926 declaring that no one on the faculty was competent enough to examine him.
1926 met Pablo Picasso in his first visit to Paris
Between 1926-1929 surrealist movement
Met his future wife 1929 (“Gala” Elena Ivanorna Diakonova)
1931 The Persistence of Memory Education and Surrealism 1922 Academia De San Fernando, Madrid, Spain
Influences: Classical Art, Dadaism, and Cubism
1923 suspended and also arrested
1926 expelled A Rebellious Side The Birth of Surrealism Between 1926-1929 Dali met the most important people of his life (Gala and Pablo)
Surrealism was a perfect fit for Dali, as surrealist believed it was there duty to shock and disturb the beholder
Early surrealist themes: the measure of man’s universe, sensations, collage, and sexual symbolism Dali became well known for his art and also his eccentric antics
Developed Paranoid-Critical Method technique, inspired by Freud’s Interpretation of Dreams
“Give me two hours a day of activity, and I'll take the other twenty-two in dreams.”
“Surrealism is destructive, but it destroys only what it considers to be shackles limiting our vision.” Only One Surrealist to Rule them All Ants- Decay, Death, and Strong Sexual Desire
Melting Clocks- Time isn’t Rigid
Elephants- human’s enviable tie to reality and pursuit of fantasy (the desire for creation)
Egg- hope and love
Drawers- the sins and complexes of humans
Crutches- weakness and ability for success
Horns- chastity Recurring Symbols Burning Giraffe- male cosmic monster of apocalypse or Hitler
Food- childhood urge to cook
Phallic symbols- Freudian influence
Instruments of mutilation- sado-masochistic nature
Butterfly- Soul or Greek symbol for psyche
Safe- Freudian influence of repression Symbols Still Recurring 1934 Dali was expelled by surrealist members, for “[have] repeatedly been guilty of counter-revolutionary activity involving the celebration of fascism under Hitler” OR possible he just didn’t get along with Andre Brenton (the leader)
Dali’s eccentricities continue, when he gave the “Fantomes paranoiaques authentiques” speech in a London surrealist exhibit Pre WWII Dali moved to the U.S. to evade the war in 1940
Dali always interested in physics and alchemy found the perfect niche to rectify his religiosity
Dali called this period “Nuclear Mysticism”
This period lasted about 15 years, in which he was concerned with scientific, historical and religious themes of chastity Philosophical and Artistic Shift A philosophical interpretation of quantum mechanics, to explain consciousness
A subjective approach linking your consciousness to your own reality
Adherents of Nuclear/Quantum mysticism believe “There is no observer separate from reality and no reality separate from the observer” Nuclear Mysticism Photogaph of Dali family Making sense of confusion Alicia Morales
Antonio Arredondo Juarez
A surrealist filmmaker.
In 1927, a year after Dali's expulsion, Buñuel approached him with an idea for a film - Un Chien Andalou ('An Andalusian Dog'),
which obeyed one rule and one rule only - there must be no explanation for any ideas present within the film.If it can be explained rationally or psychologically then it has no place in the venture in
Buñuel's interest in surrealism doubtless inflamed Dali's curiosity and may have been what led him to explore the style for himself One of the founders of the surrealist movement, along with Breton and Aragon. Dali's work drew their attention. The sexual representations in his work were not lost on them, and the lack of conventionality in his work led them to invite him to join the movement.
Eluard didn't just affect Dali's artistic career, though. When Eluard visited Dali he brought with him his wife - Gala. Dali was a great believer in the theories of Freud, and especially took to heart his sexual representation Wife and Muse
"She was destined to be my Gardiva the one who moves forward, my victory, my wife."
forever linked to Dali (1898-1936), also known as Federico Garcia Lorca was a renowned Spanish poet.
member of a group of Spanish artist known as Generación del 27, which included Salvador Dalí. The group was comprised of other poets and artists of the decade that formed the new Spanish Surrealist avant-garde and tried to connect the ideas of Spanish pop and folk culture with surrealism.
The Generación considered themselves a liberal group that defied the conservative constraints of traditional Spanish culture.
In 1927, Dalí and García Lorca worked together to produce the drama “Mariana Pineda” about a famous Spanish folk figure who opposed Ferdinand VII and supported liberal causes throughout her life.