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Art History-Unit Three

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Brittney Man

on 22 July 2013

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Transcript of Art History-Unit Three

Unit Three Project
According to Merriam-Webster, art is the expression or application of human creative skill or imagination.
Art has been around forever, and it is always changing. Every artists has the potential to bring something new. An artist can be a "hero."
The Dada Movement
Dadaists were a group of artists who were against World War One. They wanted to make their audience think about their work instead of just looking at it.
An artistic movement that originated in Italy around 1910 that focused on the energetic, dynamic, and violent quality of contemporary life.
Kazimir Malevich is my Suprematism hero.
Pop Art
Brittney Man
Art History
Marcel Duchamp is my Dada hero.
Images-Wiki Paintings
Marcel Duchamp 1887-1968
Duchamp was a painter, writer, and sculptor. He was sort of a rebel because he did not accept the established art system. He pushed the limits. He is associated with Dadaism, Surrealism, and Cubism. Yet, he did not remain loyal to one single style because Duchamp developed a very distinctive style that was not repetitive. He is known for taking everyday objects and turning them into artwork. Like most Dadaists, Duchamp had a humorous take on art. Even though some of his art is comical, he intended for it to be thought provoking. He was not a fan of art that was intended to only look appealing to the eye.
metmuseum.org, understandingduchamp.com, moma.org
Marcel Duchamp was a very influential figure in art history. Since he revitalized the established art system, he should be best known for his ability to question, critique, and ridicule the norm. His ideas inspired many artists.
The Dada movement has been the biggest contributor to the formation of modern art. It impacted Surrealism, abstract art, and anything that is considered Avant-Garde. It showed artists that it is okay to test limits.
I am not sure if Duchamp and the Dada movement was amazing or so-so. I do enjoy the humor Dadaists had though. Duchamp and Dadaism was so important to modern art.
Giacomo Balla is my Futurism hero.
Definition- The Free Dictionary
Images- Wiki Paintings

Giacomo Balla 1871-1958
Balla is an Italian painter who had very little formal training. He was inspired by Neo-Impressionism, so his early painting were landscapes and portraits. Balla was one of the founders of the Futurism movement. In 1910, he signed the Technical Manifesto of Futurist painting along with Umberto Boccoini. This was done in efforts to revamp Italian culture. Most Futurists painted about machinery and violence, but Balla did not. He often painted about ideas like dynamic light, speed, and urgency. His Futurism paintings often had characteristics of Cubism, and he tried to convey movement in some of his paintings through color choice and placement. Towards the end of his career, he abandoned Futurism and painted more traditionally.
Encyclopedia Britannica, tate.org.uk, guggenheim.org
Giacomo Balla was concerned with the illusion of movement in his paintings. He conducted scientific research, so he could figure out how to execute it well. His work contributed to the practical bases of movement.
Futurism was all about embracing new technology and media to communicate ideas. This art movement inspired artists in other genres like literature and theater. Futurism was an Italian movement, but it certainly inspired other art movements outside of Italy.
I really enjoy this style of art, and Balla is my favorite Futurist. I think his pieces are so impressive and fascinating. Also, I found researching Futurism to be very interesting.
A geometric, abstract art movement that originated in Russia.
Definition- The Free Dictionary
Images- Wikipedia
Kazimir Malevich 1878-1935

Towards the beginning of Malevich's career, he experimented with modern, Avant-Garde painting. He also experimented with Futurism, so his work started to reflect some principles of Cubism. Around 1915, Malevich set the foundation for Suprematism in a manifesto called From Cubism to Suprematism. His paintings were non-objective and very geometric. It focused on mainly circles and rectangles. In the late 1920's, Stalinist parties were against many forms of abstract art, so many of Malevich's paintings were taken away. Also, he was banned from creating similar art.
Kazimir Malevich was basically one of the founders of Suprematism. His paintings contributed to the development of Minimalism. Also, he influenced artists like Ad Reinhardt.
Suprematism was the leading force of Constructivism. But, it was also very important to modern art. It altered what people consider art. People now know that a simple painting with red square in the middle is art.
I like how this art movement is very geometric and simple. Malevich's work is eye catching; I think it's so strange that some of his paintings were so minimal and still eventually accepted as art.
Graphic Design through Time
A 20th century Avant-Garde art movement that aimed to release the creative potential in the unconscious mind.
Rene Magritte is my Surrealism hero.
Images- Google Images
Rene Magritte 1898-1967
Magritte was a Belgian painter, sculptor, film maker, print maker, and photographer. He started drawing lesson in 1910, and his early paintings were Impressionistic. Later, his paintings were inspired by cubism and Futurism. In the 30's, his style remained loyal to Surrealism. He was known for adding inanimate objects to a human figure. Magritte's paintings were intentionally sort of repetitive. He would often redo a new variation of a painting. His style was playful and humorous. Late in his career he produced many sculptures.
Rene Magritte is said to be one of the best Belgian painters from the 20th century. His work is still very well known to this day. The imagery in his paintings influenced conceptual and pop art.
Surrealism did not end with paintings. It extended into literature, , philosophy, and politics. Many artists were inspired by Surrealism ideas and techniques.
Surrealism is not my favorite art movement. There is just something about it that makes it look tacky. But, I do enjoy Magritte's work. It is very unique.
Abstract Expressionism
An art movement from the mid 20th century that showed diverse styles and techniques. It emphasized an artist's liberty to express himself through nontraditional ways.
Willem de Kooning is my Abstract Expressionism hero.
Definition- Merriam Webster
Images- Google Imges
Willem de Kooning 1904-1997
Willem de Kooning did various jobs such as house painting, carpentry, and window dressing until he decided to become a full time artist in 1935. His work was heavily influenced by Cubism and Surrealism. But, he did both abstract and traditional pieces. Yet, he best known for his work in Abstract Expressionism. In the late 1940's, he became an official abstract artist when a series of his black and white paintings debuted. De Kooning's abstract paintings had thick, looping brushstrokes. He drew inspiration from landscapes. De Kooning was also a sculptor. He did everything from small clay sculptures to large bronze ones.
phillipscollection.org, guggenheim.org, willem-de-kooning.com
Willem de Kooning was an important artist for Abstract Expressionism. Even after this art movement was not too popular, he remained famous.
Abstract expressionism was very important to Modernism. It encouraged artists to test limits. It is still an enjoyed style of art because people find it appealing.
I do like Kooning's work. However, I do not think it is super original. It looks a lot like other styles such as Futurism and Suprematism.
Art based on modern popular culture and the mass media.
Andy Warhol is my Pop Art hero.
Definition- Dictionary.com
Images- Wiki Paintings
Andy Warhol 1928-1987
Andy Warhol was a famous American painter, writer, and filmmaker. In the mid 1900's, Warhol moved to New York where he became a commercial artists for many places such as Glamour magazine, Tiffany & Co., and Columbia Records. Around 1960, he tried out Pop Art with paint and a canvas. That didn't work out well, so he tried silk screening. He mainly painted celebrities like Marilyn Monroe, Elvis, and Michael Jackson and mass produced everyday objects like Coke bottles and Campbell's soup cans. In 1963, Warhol began to experiment in the film making industry. He made many films and videos.
biography.com, about.com, warholfoundation.org
Andy Warhol is a household name. His Pop Art is so iconic and documents American pop culture. He is still very famous and well known.
Pop Art influenced other art movements. It incorporated popular culture into art. Pop Art is easily recognized, and many people find it appealing. It further proved the point that art can be anything.
I really love Warhol's work. It is so popular, and it's everywhere. It's on posters, shirts, and tons of other things. Pop Art is so cool and very modern looking.
Op Art

A style of abstract are in which lines, forms, and space are organized in a way to give off an optical illusion.
Bridget Riley is my Op Art hero.
Definition- dictionary.com
Images- bbc.co.uk
Bridget Riley 1931-present
Riley is an artist who is known for her work in Op Art. Her early work was inspired by Impressionism, then she began painting in the style of Pointillism. She mainly painted landscapes at this time. In 1960, she expressed an interest in optical illusions, so she started producing Op Art. Riley's art has the sensation of movement. Her first Op Art paintings were only black and white. After a trip to Egypt, she ventured into color.
Bridget Riley has received many awards for her artwork. In 2012, she became the only women to win the Sikkens Prize. She is one of Britain's most well known abstract artist.
People had mixed feelings about Op Art. Many thought it was gimmicky. Businesses transferred Op Art on clothing, posters, and book illustrations. This movement lost popularity, but optical illusions did not.
I find Op Art very interesting and enjoyable to look at. I've seen optical illusions before, but I did not know that there was actually an art movement about them.
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