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Transcript of Modern Theatre
Father of Realism
Plays wrote in Danish
Involved in over 145 plays
Writer, director, and producer
Died on May 23rd, 1906
His last words were "On the contrary..."
His works continue to influence contemporary culture
Swedish playwright, novelist, poet, essayist, and painter
wrote plays on his personal experience
career lasted 40 decades
surrealist and expressionist drama techniques
Notable works include Miss Julie and Inferno
Rejected by theatres until 1881, New Theatre
Colour mixing capable lamps
Lights that can move (called movers)
- Props based on the play itself
- "Modernized" and more "technological" compared to other types of theatres
- Exaggerated the feeling of the situation
What it is
How it began
Famous Plays of the 20th Century
Modern theatre plays that went down in history are:
A Doll's House, Ghosts by Henrik Ibsen
Desire Under the Elms by Eugene O'Neill
Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller
A Streetcar Named Desire by Tennessee Williams
American Buffalo by David Mamet
Fences by August Wilson
-based on modern life
-help portray character's personality
-could be abstract or realistic
-impressions made within seconds
What Is Modern Theatre?
Modern theatre is also known as realism. Some types of modern theatre would consist of aspects in our every day lives and adding a handful of politics, romance and comedy. Elements we should use for modern theatre:
by: Cindy Lin, Kush Bhagat, Karen Fu, Ali Sheikh, Ali Halimeh, Yousef Ayyad
Henrik Ibsen (problem plays)
August Strindberg (Expressionist)
George Bernard Shaw
Émile Zola (Naturalist)
Types of Theatres and Stages
Importance of Costumes:
-shows protagonist, and antagonist
(main parts and supporting parts)
-symbolizes wealth, power, other balances
-some costumes more important than others
(ask: how significant is a costume?)
Costumes Used Properly
-unity between costumes
-unity between costumes, set, design
-set must contrast but compliment costumes
-gestures and movements of actors
-budget costs of costumes
A theatre in which the audience completely surrounds the stage or playing area. Actor entrances to the playing area are provided through vomitories or gaps in the seating arrangement.
• Bingham Theatre, Actors Theatre of Louisville,
Louisville, KY, USA
• Royal Exchange Theatre, Manchester, UK (image shown)
A theatre in which the stage is extended so that the
audience surrounds it on three sides. Actor entrances are usually provided to the front of the thrust through vomitories or gaps in the seating.
• Chicago Shakespeare Theater, Chicago, IL, USA
• The Playhouse, Overture Center for the Arts, Madison, WI, USA
George Bernard Shaw
Irish playwright, novelist, critic, and political activist
Only person awarded both a Nobel Prize (1925) and an Academy Award (1938)
Most notable work is Pygamalion (also made into a film)
Outraged with the exploitation of the working class
Equal rights for men and women
First play: Widowers' Houses (1885)
A theatre in which the audience seating and stage occupy the same space, with the stage at one end and
the audience seated in front facing the stage.
• The New School for Drama, Westbeth Building, New York,
NY, USA (image shown)
• Playwrights Horizons, New York, NY, USA**
• Studio Theatre, The Lowry, Salford, UK
Website Title: Realism and Theatre in the 20 th
Article Title: "Realism and Theatre in the 20 th"
Date Accessed: October 24, 2014
Website Title: Introduction to Theatre -- Realism
Article Title: Introduction to Theatre -- Realism
Date Accessed: October 26, 2014
Website Title: Yahoo! Answers
Article Title: What are the costumes, scenery, sound, lighting, props, make-up etc. like in modern theatre?
Date Accessed: October 24, 2014
Contributor to the history of naturalism
Notable play: Thérèse Raquin
Important role in the political liberalization of France
"Émile Zola." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 24 Oct. 2014. Web. 25 Oct. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Émile_Zola>.
"Thérèse Raquin." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 24 Oct. 2014. Web. 25 Oct. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thérèse_Raquin>.
"Henrik Ibsen." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 22 Oct. 2014. Web. 23 Oct. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henrik_Ibsen
"August Strindberg." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 25 Oct. 2014. Web. 25 Oct. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_Strindberg>.
"George Bernard Shaw." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 24 Oct. 2014. Web. 25 Oct. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Bernard_Shaw
"Lecture Notes: Week 8." The Modern Theatre: Realism. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2000. <http://homepage.smc.edu/jones_janie/TA%202/8Realism.htm>.
"7 elements of modern drama." 7 elements of modern drama. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Oct. 2014. <http://www.slideshare.net/cesvaldez13/7-elements-of-modern-drama>.