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SEVEN WONDERS OF THE ANCIENT WORLD
Transcript of SEVEN WONDERS OF THE ANCIENT WORLD
Statue of Zeus
The Statue of Zeus at Olympia was a giant seated figure.
It is made by the Greek sculptor Phidias.
A sculpture of ivory plates and gold panels over a wooden framework , it represented the god Zeus sitting on an elaborate cedarwood throne ornamented with ebony , ivory , gold and precious stones.
No copy of the statue has ever been found, and details of its from are known only from ancient Greek descriptions and representations on coins.
Temple of Artemis
The Temple of Artemis also known less precisely as the Temple of Diana.
It was located in Ephesus (near the modern town of Selçuk in present-day Turkey), and was completely rebuilt three times before its eventual destruction.
Only foundations and sculptural fragments of the latest of the temples at the site remain.
Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was a tomb built at Halicarnassus for Mausolus a satrap in the Persian Empire ,and Artemisia of Caria.
The structure was designed by the Greek architects Satyros and Pythias of Priene.
It was destroyed through many earthquakes from 12th century to 15th century.
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one whose location has not been definitely established.
Traditionally they were said to have been built in the ancient city of Babylon, near present-day Hillah, Babil province, in Iraq.
Because of the lack of evidence it has been suggested that the Hanging Gardens are purely legendary, and the descriptions found in ancient Greek and Roman writers including Strabo, Diodorus Siculus and Quintus Curtius Rufus represent a romantik ideal of an eastern garden.
Great Pyramid of Giza
The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now El Giza, Egypt.
It was the tallest manmade structure in the world of over 3,800 years.
Originally, the Great Pyramid was covered by casing stones that formed a smooth outer surface; what is seen today is the underlying core structure. Some of the casing stones that once covered the structure can still be seen around the base.
Lighthouse of Alexandria
It was a lofty tower built by the Ptolemaic Kingdom.
It was one of the tallest man-made structures on Earth for many centuries.
Badly damaged by three earthquakes and it then became an abandoned ruin.
Colossus of Rhodes
It was a statue of the Greek Titan Helios, erected in the city of Rhodes, on the Greek island of the same name, by Chares of Lindos.
It was constructed to celebrate Rhodes' victory over the ruler of Cyprus.
Before its destruction in the earthquake, the Colossus of Rhodes stood over 30 meters high, making it one of the tallest statues of the ancient world.