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MESOPOTAMIA is the land between rivers. Literally the name M
Transcript of MESOPOTAMIA is the land between rivers. Literally the name M
TAMING THE RIVERS
Mesopotamia people used the two rivers to water their crops. When there was a water shortage, farmers waited until rain or snow so the rivers can overflow. Then the farmers used the silt, or small pieces of soil, to water their plants. The Mesopotamian people used an irrigation systems, a canal dug from the river, to water their crops.
THE FIRST CITIES
We believe that people first settled there in about 7000 B.C. People who lived in Sumer, a region in Mesopotamia, were known as Sumerians. They built the first cities in Southwest Asia known as Ur, Uruk, and Eridu.
The people who lived in the three cities couldn't communicate well because the land between had mudflats and patches of scorching deserts. Because of that, the cities had to become independent, they were cut off from the others cities. they had to make their own goods, and farm their own things.
MESOPOTAMIA is the land between rivers. Literally the name Mesopotamia
means "the land between rivers" in greek.
The land is in between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
Each city-state, city of Sumer, had its own government. the population of each city-state ranged from 5,000-20,000 people. they are believed to have large city walls to protect it from anything outside.
GODS, KINGS AND PRIESTS
The Sumerian people worshipped many gods a belief known as polytheism. One god known as Anu was the father of gods and the god of the sky. Others were Enlil was the god of the air; Utu was the sun god and the lord of truth and justice; Nanna was the moon god; Inanna was the goddess of love and war; Ninhursag was the goddess of earth; and Enki was the god of fresh water and the lord of wisdom and magic.
BY: KYLE SAMRAJIT
Northern Mesopotamia is made up mostly of hills and plains. The land is fertile because of the seasonal rains and the rivers that flow through the mountains.
Southern Mesopotamia is made up of marshy areas and wide, flat, barren plains.
5000 BCE Earliest Evidence of Man
4000 BCE Many farming villages
3500 BCE Sumerian city-states from
3300 BCE Sumerian writing on clay tablets
3250 BCE Cuneiform writing
3250 BCE Wheel used
2750 BCE Gilgamesh rules Uruk
2500 BCE First Sumerian Dynasty of Ur
2350 BCE Sargon established the Akkadian Empire
2000 BCE Sumerians developed symbols into a complete writing system called cuneifrom
1790 BCE Hammurabi conquers Babylon and reunites Mesopotamia
1758 BCE Hammurabi write Code of Hammurabi
721 BCE Assyria conquers the kingdom of Israel
490-489 BCE Darius I invades Greece - Persian Wars
480-479 BCE Invasion of Greece by Xerxes
479 BCE Defeat of Persian armies by the Greeks
334-330 BCE Conquest of Persia by Alexander the Great
TIMELINE OF MESOPOTAMIA