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Transcript of Figueroa's Framework
Satisfaction, Personal Preference & Human Needs
Self-image & Self-esteem
Further influencing factors in participation in sport and in particular swimming and lifesaving are the image and concept you have of your own body. This also directly relates to esteem levels, not about your athletic abilities, but how you think your body looks and your intellectual ability. I have a fairly positive body-image as I believe I am healthy as I am today. Those with a negative self-image don't believe their body is what it 'should be' and this often leads to low self-esteem. Low self-esteem subsequently leads to feelings of inadequacy, anxiety, self-doubt and inferiority. These are the feelings I have towards competitive swimming and lifesaving however they are not based on my personal body-image it is based on my beliefs towards my abilities and capacity.
According to Figueroa's Framework the extent to which we take part is based on the fulfillment of physiological, safety, belongingness and esteem needs.
Year 11 P.E - Emily Colledge
Exercise is an important component in living a healthy lifestyle, both physically and mentally, and everyone should have equal access and equity in relation to exercise. Professor Figueroa investigated this on a deeper level.
His framework is constructed around five different levels that all effect access and equity in exercise and sport. Needs such as physiological, safety, belonging, self-image and genetic predisposition all effect access and equity on the individual level. This presentation will particularly look at my participation in swimming and lifesaving based on Figueroa's individual level.
My attitude towards competitive swimming is negative and unenthusiastic.
• I don't enjoy competitive swimming mainly because I am not a proficient distance swimmer.
• This lack of ability leads to a fear of judgement if the performance is below par.
• As well as this I personally find competitive swimming boring and repetitive making in unenjoyable.
However I find leisurely swimming in pools, dams and beaches is enjoyable and I am more than capable.
My attitude towards lifesaving is similar in the sense that I don't feel I am capable enough. It is much more interesting but fear of failure or judgement is what prevents me from participating on a regular basis.
Previous Participation & Current Barriers
• I participated in Swimming lessons as a toddler
• Swimming lessons (squad) under 11
• Some school carnivals and junior school swimming practice
•Throughout my life I have swum in pools, beaches, dams and snorkeled. I have enjoyed leisurely activities such as these thoroughly.
One of the barriers I personally have towards swimming and lifesaving is my exercise induced asthma. Combining exercise with a sport that entails less oxygen intake than normal makes it incredibly difficult to perform well. However, w
here I live is the biggest barrier in regard to my participation in swimming and more-so lifesaving given that the closest surf-lifesaving club is a 45 minute drive. The only barriers in regard to swimming is those within myself such as attitude and self-concept.
Physiological & Safety Needs
A Sense of Belonging & Esteem Needs
Oxygen, food, water, and a constant body temperature are regarded as the most important needs of a human being(Amezdroz et tal. 2010). Exercise from participation in swimming and lifesaving would enhance my currently low ability to utilise oxygen efficiently. It would also improve the extent to which energy from food is used and encourages consistent intake of water to maintain hydration. Despite fulfilling the physiological needs, swimming and
Maslow stated that “people seek to overcome feelings of loneliness and alienation. This involves both giving and receiving love and affection and the sense of belonging. These needs can be achieved through positive experiences in exercise and sport." (Amezdroz et tal. 2010). This factor is the most influential in my participation in swimming and lifesaving. Swimming and lifesaving makes me feel uncomfortable due to my lack of confidence in my abilities and skills. This uncomfortable feeling then leads to feeling as if I do not belong, which in turn makes my experience a very negative one.
and esteem needs are completely fulfilled it
Once the physiological, safety, belonginness
image illustrates, self-actualisation is the
process of one reaching their full potential
is then that self-actualisation occurs. As the
Although participation in swimming and
and doing what they are 'born to do'.
lifesaving may fulfill my physiological needs, it does not completely fulfill my safety, belonginess and
esteem needs. Therefore self-
actualisation does not and will
not occur until these needs
lifesaving would not fulfill my safety needs. Not from lack of structure and limits but from lack of protection due to my own insecurities and a lack of feeling as is I belong.
The genetic makeup we are born with effects our abilities to participate and succeed in particular sports and physical activities. In 1954 WH Sheldon outlined the different body shapes of the human body.
(Nicholas Chua, 2010)
The body type you have assists or hinders your participation and successes in particular sports. Although these body types can be altered in some ways through exercise they will remain mostly unchanged.
As the figure shows, people with a slightly more mesomorph body as well as ectomorph features are best built for swimming. Using this graph it shows that I have an ideal body shape to participate in swimming and lifesaving. However despite this I would also need to train and practice to improve my skills and abilities.
I am in between a mesomorph and ectomorph body shape. I have:
Thin legs and arms
thin face a forehead
Little muscle or body fat
However I do have some endomorph features such as wide hips and slim writs and ankles.
As mentioned previously my self-esteem(towards athletic performance), competence and efficiency beliefs are low. I do not have belief in my initial abilities. Although I do think that over time and
Ones beliefs relate to their self-esteem and has been determined "a very powerful influence on our participation." (Amezdroz et tal., 2010)
I am not willing to put in the effort and am too afraid of failure at the outset to eventually get to that stage.
through practicing I will improve immensely at swimming and lifesaving
Values are defined as ion terms of what is "socially acceptable.
Further influences on decision, choices and participation levels are our own particular values.
These values often come from underlying and often unspoken assumptions on which your own personal and social goals are based" (Amezdroz et tal,. 2010)
My personal values regarding what is socially acceptable in swimming in lifesaving is that you must succeed and perform well- every time.
"People participate and don't participate for a broad number of reasons. Changing values in the diversity and motivations for participation, such as competition, discipline, structure and achievement, have linked with new values such as health, pleasure and excitement. "
(Amezdroz et tal,. 2010)
My attitudes towards swimming and lifesaving are shaped by my beliefs and values. To improve my participation, enjoyment and capabilities these values and beliefs must be changed.
NO WAY, ARE YOU CRAZY?!
My goodness! They are going swimming and lifesaving! Let's go!
Physiological, safety, belonging, esteem needs and self actualization all effect the access and equity on the individual level. As well as this, self-image and genetic predisposition also have major influences on the level of participation in sport and exercise. After evaluation of these influences on my participation in swimming and lifesaving it is clear that although my physiological needs are completely fulfilled the other needs are not fulfilled because of my values and beliefs about myself. Ultimately I am self-conscious about my capacity to succeed and this in turn impairs my participation levels in swimming and lifesaving. To sum up my beliefs and what ultimately hinders my participation in sport it is fear of failure.
Amezdroz et tal (2011). Queensland Senior Physical Education. 3rd ed. Australia: Macmillian Education. 458-476.
Chua, N. (2010). Understanding somatotypes. Available: http://fitnesswithnicholas.wordpress.com/2010/12/13/understanding-somatotypes/. Last accessed 17/11/12.
Ecognotive. (2011). Maslow's Hierarchy Of Needs. Available: http://www.encognitive.com/node/16086. Last accessed 17/11/12.
S-Cool Youth Marketing. (2011). Personal Factors that Affect Participation in Sport. Available: http://www.s-cool.co.uk/category/subjects/gcse/pe/personal-factors-that-affect-participation-in-sport. Last accessed 17/11/12.