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15th century

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Bryn Foster

on 15 October 2013

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Transcript of 15th century

Renaissance
Architecture


15th Century
The architectural style that began in Italy in the 15th century and spread throughout Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries rejected the medieval Gothic style. Many architects studied Roman ruins and adopted the arches, columns and domes that were favored by Greeks and Romans.
Leon Alberti described architecture as a "social art", meant to blend beauty with utility and the improvement of society. Alberti's writings on painting and architecture exerted a great influence on 16th-and 17th-century artistic thought.
He is greatest known for the Church of San Francesco in Rimini, the Rucellai Palace in Florence, as well as the front of the Church of Santa Maria Novella in Florence. Another of his masterpieces, the church of Sant' Andrea in Mantua, which was completed in 1494, after his death.
In the same way as the facade of S. Maria Novella, with its great scrolls, became the model for classifying church facades, Alberti cleared the way through his architecture and architectural theory for the High Renaissance architecture of Rome, represented in Donato Bramante's work of the early 16th century.

The Church of Sant' Andrea in Mantua, Italy, was designed by Leon Battista Alberti in the mid-1400's. The front resembles a Roman temple with an arch.
Church of Santa Maria Novella
Church of Sant' Andrea in Mantua
Church of Sant' Andrea in Mantua
Church of Sant' Andrea in Mantua
Church of San Francesco
Church of San Francesco
Leon Alberti (1404-1472)

Alberti was an Italian Renaissance architect, painter, and scholar. Alberti was one of the greatest scholars of his age. He was given an excellent education at the University of Padua, where he acquired a mastery of Greek and Latin, and also studied law. From 1450 until his death on April 25, 1472, he focused his attention to architecture.
Alberti's treatises (writings) on painting and architecture exerted a great influence on 16th-and 17th-century artistic thought. The teachings of the French 17th-century academies of painting and architecture represent a codification of artistic principles first formulated less rigidly by Alberti.
Renaissance:
the revival of art and literature under the influence of classical models in the 14th–16th centuries.
Architecture:
the style in which a building is designed or constructed, esp. with regard to a specific period, place, or culture
Alberti was the first theorist of the new humanist art, and his study of the classical ruins was for the purpose of deducing what he imagined to be the rules governing the arts.
He wrote 3 treatises- on painting, sculpting and architecture. Alberti began to compose his greatest theoretical work, the ten books on architecture, "De re aedificatoria", of which a version was presented to Pope Nicholas V in 1452, but he continued to edit it until his death.
"Architecture is a very noble science, not fit for every head. He ought to be a man of fine genius, of a great application, of the best education... that presumes to declare himself an architect."
Works Cited

“church of San Francesco.” Image. Google Images. Google, 25 Sept. 2007.Web. 27 Aug. 2013.

“church of San Francesco.” Image. Google Images. Web. 27 Aug. 2013.

“church of San Francesco.” Image. Google Images. Google, 25 Sept. 2007.Web. 27 Aug. 2013.
“church of Sant'andrea in Mantua Leon Alberti.” Image. Google Images. Google, 2 Aug. 2013. Web. 21 Aug. 2013.
“church of Sant'andrea in Mantua Leon Alberti.” Image. Google Images. Web, 21 Aug. 2013.
“church of Sant'andrea in Mantua Leon Alberti.” Image. Google Images. Web, 21 Aug. 2013.
“church of Santa Maria Novella.” Image. Google Images. Google, 24 May 2013. Web. 21 Aug. 2013.

Kostof, Spiro. A History of Architecture. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985. Print.

“Leon Alberti.” Image. Google Images. Google, 26 April 2010. Web. 21 Aug. 2013.
"Leon Battista Alberti." Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2nd ed. Vol. 1. Detroit: Gale, 2004. 113-115. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 19 Aug. 2013.


Murray, Peter. The Architecture of the Italian Renaissance. New York: Schocken Books, 1963. Print.

“Renaissance Architectural Drawings.” Image. Google Images. Web. 24, Aug. 2013.

"Renaissance architecture." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2013. Web. 22 Aug. 2013.

“Renaissance Architecture.” Image. Google Images. Google, June 2011. Web. 21 Aug. 2013.

“Renaissance Architecture.” Image. Google Images. Google, 8 Aug. 2005. Web. 21 Aug. 2013.
Rudd, J. William. "Alberti, Leon Battista." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2013. Web. 22 Aug. 2013.

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