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Latin Verbs

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by

Myah Barrett

on 5 October 2012

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Transcript of Latin Verbs

Verbs Verbs are actions that are just about anything, or anyone
can partake in doing. Verbs are pretty easy in English,
but in Latin it is a whole other world! Take for example: Puellae vinum portavi.
The wrong verb is used in this sentence; portavi actually translates into "I carried". What sense would "The girls I carried wine." make? None so the verb and the subject, MUST correspond in the correct way.
The correct sentence would be. "Puellae vinum portaverunt."
The girls carried the wine. And after person and number comes tense! The tense of a verb is also very important. The tense of a verb is very important to verbs. The first tense is usually the present tense.
A present tense verb in Latin would be, "docet," or he/she teaches
An imperfect tense always has a was in it. As in "trahebat" or he/she was dragging.
A perfect tense verb would look like "audivi" or he/she heard.
A pluperfect tense always has a had in front of it as in "portaverant" or they had carried. Speaking of verbs they also have person(s) and number.
-When it says person and number it really means is it singular or plural, and if its first or second person.
S P
1. O-(I) 1.Mus-(We)
2. S-(You) 2.Tis-(Yall)
3. T-(S)he,it) 3. Nt-(They)
Singular Examples *(They go in order as per the chart!)* Plural Examples
1.Porto Vinum 1.Portamus Vinum
-"I carry the wine" -"We carry the wine"
2.Portas Vinum 2.Portatis Vinum
-"You carry the wine" -Yall carry the wine"
3.Portat Vinum 3.Portant Vinum
-"(S)He,it carries the wine. -"They carry the wine" And Last but not least are the present active participles and person and number.
-When it says person and number it really means is it singular or plural, and if its first or second person.
S P
1. O-(I) 1.Mus-(We)
2. S-(S) 2.Tis-(Yall)
3. T-(S)he,it) 3. Nt-(They)

Singular Examples *(They go in order as per the chart!)* Plural Examples
1.Porto Vinum 1.Portamus Vinum
-"I carry the wine" -"We carry the wine"
2.Portas Vinum 2.Portatis Vinum
-"You carry the wine" -Yall carry the wine"
3.Portat Vinum 3.Portant Vinum
-"(S)He,it carries the wine. -"They carry the wine"
Verbs also have the present active participle.When we take a verb and turn it into an adjective it becomes a verb adjective (commonly known as the adverb)/participle.It must agree with the noun it modifies in gender,number,and case.
For example Portans,POrtantis is translated as carryi8ng. Add the -ns for the nom. sing. form and ntis for gentive sing. form. When translating -ns,-ntis,-nti,-ntem,-nte,-nti It is the -ing. To help remember it think of it this way -nt=ing! One thing, or trick, for how to recognize these different tenses are the placing of certain letter in the word.
For a perfect tense, the verbs will always end in either
i ; isti ; it ; imus ; istis ; erunt
For an imperfect tense, the verbs will always end in either
bam ; bas ; bat ; bamus ; batis ; bant
For present tense, the verbs will always end in either
o ; s ; t ; mus ; tis ; nt
And finally, pluperfect verbs will always end in either
eram ; eras ; erat ; eramus ; eratis ; erant
(A lil helpful hint is to always look for the "era" Tenses Cont. One thing that is most important about Latin
verbs is that they ALWAYS have to agree with
the subject of the sentence. Conjugations are the grouping of verbs, just as declensions.
Regular Sentences
Loquax contat.
Loquax is singing.
Servi dominum vident.
The slaves see the master.
Pueri Corrunt.
The boys are running.
Salvius Bregantem ponit.
Salvius punishes Bregans Don't forget the moods!!!!
Indicative (main verbs)-
Let’s run to the nearest exit.
Imperative (command)-
Go men, attack the enemy!
You’re grounded give me your phone!
Infinitive (to_____)-
He’s willing to help her out with her homework
To succeed in school, you should study. Conjugations Cont. Infinitives Sentences
Loquax contore vult
Loquax wants to sing.
Servi dominum videre (lines over the 1st "e") nolunt.
The slaves do not want to see the master.
Pueri celeriter currere possunt
The boys are able to run quickly.
Salvius Bregantem punire possunt
Salvius is able to punish Bregan
Important Note: Most likely infinitives are going to end in -re
1st Conjugation: are
2nd Conjugation: ere (line over first e)
3rd Conjugation: io with ere/ire
4th Conjugation: ire
The verbs volo, nolo, and possum are often used with an infinitive.
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