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IELTS Writing Task 1: Line Graphs

Here is a guide to IELTS Task 1 Writing: Line Graphs.
by

Thầy Sean

on 30 October 2013

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Transcript of IELTS Writing Task 1: Line Graphs

Task 1: Line Graphs.
We can see from the graph that between January and February the number of marriages
remained
the same.
We can also use the terms:
stayed

stable
remained

steady
continued

unchanged
However, between February and March there was
a rise
, or, the number

rose.
We can also use the
nouns
or

verbs
.
an increase
/
increased.
an upturn
/
upturned.
This was followed in March by
a fall
, or, the number

fell
until April.
We can also use the
nouns
or

verbs.
a drop
/
dropped
.
a decrease
/
decreased
.
In contrast, after the beginning of April this reversed, and the number of marriages
surged
,
or saw a
surge
.
We can also use the
noun
/
adjective
or
verb
/
adverb
phrases:
sharp

rise
/
rose

sharply
dramatic

increase
/
increased

dramatically
The rise continued until it reached it's highest point in July, this is known as reaching it's
peak
, or, the amount

peaked.
Over the next month the marriage rate experienced a
slight

fall
/
fell

slightly
.
We can also use the
adjectives
/
adverbs
:
minor.
minimal
/
minimally
.
modest
/
modestly
.
negligible
/
negligibly
.
Over the next two months the marriage rate saw a fall and then a recovery. In graphs, this is known as

a dip
, or we can say the number

dipped
.
After recovering in October the rate of marriages plummeted.
We can also use the
verb
/
adverb
or
noun
/
adjective
phrases:

Dropped

very significantly
/saw a
very

significant

drop.
Fell

dramatically
/experienced a

dramatic

fall.
decreased

remarkably
/had a

remarkable

decrease.
In November, the number of marriages
bottomed out
at about 3,500, before
increasing
, or seeing
an increase,
in the final month.
The number of divorces over the period
rose
...
...and then
fell
...
...before seeing another
rise
...
...and another
fall
...
When we see continuous upward...
...and downward changes...
...we say the number of divorces saw
fluctuation
or...
...has
fluctuated

over the period.
Ending at 4,500 in December.
Vocabulary for change over time.
The Language Lab
In your task 1 writing essays, examiners will expect you to use a variety of nouns and adverbs to describe movement, and a variety of adjectives and adverbs to describe the rate and speed of change. As well as describing movement, students will also increase their score by comparing the differences between data sets. We will look at comparative language next lesson.

You will find further examples of useful vocabulary in The Language Lab Task 1: Line Graphs lesson pack.
http://www.facebook.com/groups/175504562635387/
A line graph or bar chart that illustrates change over time will have 2 data sets which are shown as a vertical and horizontal axis.
Vertical
Horizontal
In this example, the vertical axis represents the data amount, which is the number of couples.
The horizontal axis represents the time, which in this example is a period of one year split into months.
The graph then enters the details for groups as lines. In this example the number of people getting married is represented by a solid line, whilst the broken line represents the number of couples who got divorced.

Task 1 of the writing test expects students to show their English skills by describing the movement of this data over the period.
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