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Pearl Harbor

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Robert Smith

on 20 April 2014

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Transcript of Pearl Harbor

V-J Day
V-J Day was the day when Japan surrendered to the Allies. They surrendered because they didn't want America to drop another atomic bomb on their cities. the official document was signed on September 2, 1945 but they surrendered on August 14, 1945. This day officially ended WWII.
Pearl Harbor
The air attack on Pearl Harbor was the move that brought the US into World War II. The date was December 7, 1941 when the Japanese launched the attack on Pearl Harbor, Oahu. The attack destroyed 188 planes and sunk four battleships. Also, 159 planes were damaged, three battleship sunk, and one ship grounded. This battle woke the lion in America.
A picture or message that shows the artist's opinion about something.
V-E Day
V-E Day was the day when Germany surrendered to the Allied Powers. They surrendered because Hitler committed suicide and hey couldn't fight any more. It is also the day when the war in Europe ended.
(Operation Overlord)
D-Day was one of the largest military invasions in history and took place on June 6, 1944 and ended on June 30, 1944. D-Day was the codename for the invasion on Normandy, France. The Allied troops landed on the beaches to find them very well protected. After the beaches were secure, the Allies went on to capture two more areas. On the day the Allies attacked the second area, Hitler survived an assassination attempt known as Operation Valkyrie. The Allied forces kept pushing and finally captured Northern France. It was a great victory with many losses.
The Home Front
The Holocaust
The Holocaust was the murdering of 17 million Jews and people Hitler didn't like. Not all of them were killed immediately, but were taken to concentration camps such as Auschwitz or Mauthausen. Everybody who went to concentration camps usually didn't come out alive. And one man's hatred sparked a whole World War.
Adolf Hitler (1889-1945)
Adolf Hitler was the dictator of Germany from 1933 to 1945. He rose to power because people in Germany were desperate during the depression for a new leader. Hitler committed suicide in Berlin, Germany because the Red Army (Russian Army) was advancing and he knew they would rip him to pieces because he betrayed them. He also committed suicide he knew Germany had lost the war.
America got involved in World War II because Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, which was a military base.
The citizens of the US took the jobs of men who went to war. They worked so hard that the President praised everybody for their hard work. They also planted Victory Gardens.
"Rosie the Riveter"
"Rosie the Riveter" was a cultural icon for women in the US.
Work for Women during WWII
The women got better jobs and made war supplies and weapons when men were fighting in battle. They had more freedom in jobs at the end of WWII.
African American's work during WWII
African Americans gained more freedom in jobs during and after the war. The big move was Executive order 9981 broke down all racial barriers in the armed forces.
Tuskegee Airmen
The Tuskegee Airmen were the first African American Fighter pilots in the Air Corps (Later known as the Air Force). It was a very big accomplishment.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Joseph Stalin
Harry S. Truman
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Winston Churchill
Emperor Hirohito
Benito Mussolini
Emperor Hirohito was the Emperor of Japan from 1926 to 1989. He was the one who said on the radio that Japan had surrendered.
Mussolini was the dictator of Italy from 1922 to 1945. He was friends with Hitler and was the creator of facism, which gives one person complete control of a country.
Winston Churchill was the Prime Minister of Great Britain from 1940 to 1945 and 1951 to 1955. He was the inspiration behind Britain's decision to fight in WWII. He was a hero in Britain and that helped him make alliances with the US and Russia.
Franklin D. Roosevelt was the 32nd President of the US from 1933 to 1945. He was the president who helped America out of the Great Depression and helped the Lend-Lease Act with Britain and other Allied countries. He could do that because he urged the country to make war supplies. Also, when Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, he was the one who declared war with Congress against Japan.
Joseph Stalin Was the dictator of The Soviet Union from 1924 to 1953. He was first an Axis Power but then changed his views when Germany attacked him. Because of that attack, Stalin had no choice but to join the Allied Forces.
Harry S. Truman was the 33rd President of the US from 1945 to 1953. He is best known as the man who made the decision to drop the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. He made this decision because he though it would save a whole lot of American lives. He was also signed the Marshall Plan(The funding to help rebuild Europe).
Dwight D. Eisenhower was the 34th President of the US from 1953 to 1961. He was known as the Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces. He helped plan D-day, one of the biggest military invasions in history.
Battle of Midway
Iwo Jima
Battle of Stalingrad
Battle of the Bulge
The Battle of Midway was only six months after Pearl Harbor on June 1942 and was a very important victory. The Japanese were going to invade the island of Midway when the Americans caught them and dove and bombed them. The move wasn't very effective and then the Japanese attacked Midway. Both sides repeatedly attacked each other. Then the US decided to attack the fleet. Only one ship remained and it launched another attack. America counterattacked and finally sunk the last ship. The Americans won that battle and destroyed the Japanese Navy.
The Battle of Stalingrad was the battle that made the Soviet Union an Allied Power. The battle first started with Germany attacking the city on August 23, 1942 and ended on February 2, 1943. The first move was that the Luftwaffe (German Air Force) bombed the city. It destroyed the city but the Russians didn't give up. The Soviets launched their air force but were defeated in air. The civilians made makeshift tanks to fight. They made homes into bases while the city was under attack. Unlike most armies, women played a very important role as troops in the army. Examples, women cold be in the front lines or the rear, and could also be snipers or pilots. Many won awards for their bravery. Some of the Luftwaffe were sent to north Africa, so the Soviets gained some ground in the air. Also, the Lend-Lease Act gave some supplies to the Soviets. Soon, the Germans start to weaken and the Soviets launch attacks. Finally, the Soviets beat the Germans and force them to surrender ending the battle with the Soviets victor.
The battle started when the Allies landed on the island February 19, 1944 and ended on March 26, 1945. The soldiers weren't attacked until a good number of troops had landed. The military leaders thought there wouldn't a good defense, but the Japanese had dug a bunch of bunkers underground. Also, they had dug 11 miles of tunnel underground. When the US bombed the island, the Japanese were well underground and weren't killed. The underground system was tricky because when they walked by a bunker, the marines didn't expect a round of fire. It was impossible to fight at night because the Japanese would trick and then shoot them. Even though the Japanese had the advantage, they soon ran out of supplies. Because of this, they went to raid camps but most of them fought to their deaths and the Japanese lost.
The Battle of the Bulge started on December 16, 1944 and ended on January 25,1945. The battle started when the Germans attacked the Allies in a weak defensive section of their troops. They attacked with a strong force to the particularly weak section but the weather affected their advance. The weather also affected if the planes could take off , but the weather was so bad that nothing could go into the air. One of the strongest units attacked two US army units but were surprised by their fierce resistance to the attack. The Germans tried to attack two villages and drive the Americans out of the villages and succeeded but couldn't get them out of the way to reaching a road network. The Germans found a scout group and took them prisoner. For some reason, the Germans shot and killed almost all of them. Some of them got away and told the Americans. The German advance was slowed because when the Americans fell back, they would blow up bridges and empty fuel dumps. They tried to do it again but they failed and the Germans advanced. After a few days, their advance was stopped because they were running out of supplies. That happened because the Luftwaffe parachuted the supplies to the Americans because the had the wrong coordinates. Eventually, the Germans had to return to their lines and abandon most equipment. The Germans decided to drop troops during the night. The move was a failure and only a few troops made it to German lines. The germans fought to the center but were in a tight spot. The Germans put spies in Allied lines and it caused confusion. The made it tough on those spies by making them answer questions and many were caught. Soon the weather started improving and the Allies could take off with their air force against the Germans. The dropped bombs, supplies, and doctors. The Luftwaffe flew their planes and damaged Allied planes but the Luftwaffe also lost planes because of Allied defense. The two sides keep fighting but then, Hitler launches his last attack but it fails so the Germans are forced to surrender ending the Battle of the Bulge.
Germany's aggression
Germany was aggressive in Europe because they needed money and food. They were also aggressive because they wanted to expand their borders.
Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein was a Jewish physicist who escaped om German and moved to America. His theories helped develop the bomb.
Manhattan Project
The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
The Manhattan Project was the codename for the building of the atomic bomb.
Fat Man (plutonium)
Little Boy (uranium)
The atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki was the reason Japan surrendered because it completely destroyed the two cities. The Japanese were afraid the Americans would drop a bomb on Tokyo, Japan so they had to give in. The reason there were so many deaths were because the radiation was in the air, because of that many people got leukemia, which killed most of them. the effects of the bomb was very clear, it could wipe out anything.
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