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Garlic-the cure all
Transcript of Garlic-the cure all
. 2006; Fleischauer and Arab 2001; Francesch
Dorant et al.
Institute of Science and Environment
Dr Denise Mortimore
Dr Laurence Trueman
Human Nutrition and Disease Modulation
Word meaning-"spear leek
Historical perspective: Ancient Egypt, Biblical, Ancient China and Japan, Ancient India, Middle Ages, The Renaissance, Early America
Common and unusual uses
1) Anticancer effect
3) Prevention and treatment of common cold
2) Cardiovascular health
-no credible evidence for reduced risk of breast, lung, endometrial cancers
- credible evidence for an association between garlic intake and colon, prostate, esophageal, larynx, oral, ovary, and renal cell cancers
(Fleischauer, A.T. and Arab, L. 2001; Kim, J. Y and Oran, K. 2009 )
Figure 3: Pie Chart illustrating the results collected from questioning 30 subjects regarding the most credible health benefit of garlic, when choosing from the 3 benefits mentioned above
-excellent potential in treatment of cardiovascular diseases Saravanan and Prakash 2004; Rahman and Lowe 2006; Bhatti
Fleischauer, A.T. and Arab, L. (2001) Garlic and cancer: A Critical Review of the Epidemiological Literature. Journal of Nutrition [Online] 120(2), 321-328 Available from Academic Search Complete [Accessed 1st of March]
Dorant E. ; Van den Brandt P.A, Goldbohm RA.(1955) Allium vegetable consumption, garlic supplement intake, and female breast carcinoma incidence. Breast Cancer Research Treatment. [Online] 33, 163–70 Available from Academic Search Complete [Accessed 1st of March]
Galeone C.; Pelucchi C.; Levi F. (2006) Onion and garlic use and human cancer. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition [Online] 84, 1027–32. Available from Academic Search Complete [Accessed 2nd of March]
Francesch, S.; Parpinel, M.; La Vecchia C.; Favero A.; Talamini R.; Negri E.; (1998) Role of different types of vegetables and fruit in the prevention of cancer of the colon, rectum, and breast. Journal of Epidemiology [Online] 9,338–41. Available from Academic Search Complete [Accessed 2nd of March]
Dorant E. ; Van den Brandt; P.A, Goldbohm R.A. (1994) A prospective cohort study on Allium vegetable consumption, garlic supplement use, and the risk of lung carcinoma in the Netherlands. Cancer Research [Online] 54, 6148–53. Available from Academic Search Complete [Accessed 2nd of March]
Kim, J. Y and Oran, K. (2009) Garlic intake and cancer risk: an analysis using the Food and Drug Administration’s evidence-based review system for scientific evaluation of health claims. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition [Online] 89, 257-64 Available from Academic Search Complete [Accessed 2nd of March]
Saravanan, G. and Prakash, J. (2004) Effect of garlic (Allium sativum) on lipid peroxidation in experimental myocardial infraction in rats. Journal of Etthnopharmacology [Online ] 94(1), 155-158. Available from Academic Search complete [Accessed 1st of March]
Bhatti,R.; Singh, K.; Singh, J.(2008) The effect of Allium sativum on ischemic preconditioning and ischemia injury. I
ndian Journal of Pharmacology
[Online] 40(6), 261-265. Available from Academic Search Complete [Accessed 1st of March]
Rahman, K. and Lowe, G.M. (2006) Garlic and Cardiovascular Disease: A Critical Review.
The Journal of Nutrition
. [Online] 136(3), 736S-740S. Available from: Academic Search Complete [Accessed 1st of March]
O'Connor, A (2009) Garlic can be helpful in warding off a cold.
New York Times
, 20 October, Academic Search Complete 3rd of March 2014.
Lissiman E, Bhasale AL, Cohen M. (2009) Garlic for the common cold. The Cochrane Library[Online] 23(4), 245-256. Avaulable from Google Scholar [[Accessed 1st of March] ]
Tabel 3- Summaries the assumed association of garlic health benefits compared with the critical evidence
-limited research is available regarding the prevention and treatment of cold using garlic (Lissiman
. 2009 )