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Chapter 6 Religion Vocabulary

AP Human Geography

S Radwan

on 24 January 2012

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Transcript of Chapter 6 Religion Vocabulary

Autonomous religion
A religion that does not have a central authority but shares ideas and cooperates informally Animism
Belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life Branch
A large and fundamental division within a religion Caste
The class or distinct herditary order into which a Hindu is assigned according to religious law Cosmogony
A set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe Denomination
A division of a branch that unites a number of local congregations into a single legal and administrative body Fundamentalism
Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion (or a religious branch, denomination, or sect) Hierarchical religion
A religion in which a central authority exercises a high degree of control Missionary
An individual who helps to diffuse a universalizing religion Monotheism
The doctrine of belief of the existence of only one god Pagan
A follwer of a polytheistic religion in ancient times Pilgrimage
A journey to a pace considered sacred for religious purposes Plolytheism
Belief in or worship of more than one god Sect
A relatively small group that has broken away from an established denomination Solstice
Astronomical event that happens twice each year, when the tilt of Earth's axis is most inclined toward or away from the Sun, causing the Sun's apparent position in the sky to reach it most northernmost or southernmost extreme, and resulting to the shortest and longest days of the year Universalizing religion
A religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location Member (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr Ghetto
During the Middle Ages, a neigborhood in a city set up by law to be inhabited only by Jews; now used to denote a section of a city in which members of any minority group live because of social, legal, or economic pressure Chapter 6: Religion Vocabulary Ethnic Religion
A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial ditribution whose principles are likely to be based on the phyisical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated.
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