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How to Establish a Permaculture Garden for Seed Saving

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Leah Wagner

on 11 March 2014

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Transcript of How to Establish a Permaculture Garden for Seed Saving

Working with nature toward sustainability
How to Establish a Permaculture
Garden for Seed Saving
What is Permaculture?
The Zone System
Designing A Space
Our Kitchen Garden
Incorporating Seed Saving
The name "Permaculture" is often explained as
Permanent Culture
or
Permanent Agriculture
.

The principles of Permaculture can be
applied to everything from where you place your
home, to how you grow your food, to how you engage
with your broader community and environment. The
philosophy of Permaculture can lead our lives towards
a more sustainable future.
The 3 Rules of Permaculture
care for
the earth
care for
the people
share the
surplus
Permaculture Defined
Permaculture Principles
The Zone System
The Traditional Kitchen Garden
Keyhole Garden Design
Designing a Space for Seed Saving
Keyhole garden design maximizes bed space, interplants crops to deter pests, and mimics the flow of natural systems. Main pathways are wide enough for wheelbarrows and smaller walkways are for occasional weeding and harvest.
With a little forethought, any small kitchen garden can have seed saving capacity.
Permaculture is an ecological design system that
works harmoniously with the natural world.
Permaculture uses specific design elements within each Zone to minimize total inputs over time. Keyhole design is used specifically within the Kitchen Garden.
There is a broad list of principles associated with Permaculture that can be interpreted and adapted to your specific needs.
Beginners Check List
Know your seeds
Plant only one variety or learn isolation distances.
Start with the basics: tomatoes, peppers, beans, peas, and lettuce.
Be picky, don't take just any seed.
A space next to the home that provides basic fruits, vegetables, and flowers for your family. The kitchen garden is not meant to provide food for sale but surplus is often traded with neighbors. Much of the season's bounty is consumed fresh but can also be canned, frozen, or stored for the winter months.
The Urban Home
Zone 1: Windowsill herb garden
Zone 2: Potted plants on balcony
Zone 3: Community garden plot
Zone 4: Local farmers market
The Suburban/Rural Home
Zone 1: The kitchen garden
Zone 2: The chicken coop on the side of the house
Zone 3: Perennial herb, rhubarb, and flower beds along the fence line
Zone 4: Apple trees and berry bushes on the far side of the backyard
Different Uses of the Zone System
The Permaculture Family Farm
Zone 1: One acre garden for year-round food supply
Zone 2: Chickens, pond, and large hoop houses
Zone 3: Livestock for manure and meat or grain fields
Zone 4: Guild fruit orchard and food forest for family use and market sales
Messages from Mother Earth
A Stitch In Time Saves Nine
Mimic natural systems
Plan crop rotations and succession plantings
Learn your land
Waste Not Want Not
Do Unto Others...
Keep everyone with their friends and protected from their enemies
Use companion planting and guilds
Protect your plants and animals from predators and inclement weather
Develop windbreaks, natural trellises, and water catchment systems
Grow vertically
Protect the earth with ground cover and mulch
Establish a clear compost system
The better space is used, the less waste and the less work
Good planning and preparation establishes strong systems that will reduce labor and inputs over time
Advanced Seed Saving
Utilize hand-pollination techniques
Create forced isolation in small spaces
Begin selecting for certain traits
Build genetic diversity
Develop adapted seeds for your bioregion
Want to Know More?
WWW.FOUNDROOT.COM
foundrootseeds@gmail.com
Follow us on Facebook or check out our website for regular community events, workshops, and other useful gardening gatherings.
Full transcript