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Resurgence of Empire: East Asia

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Steph Gorges

on 18 October 2016

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Transcript of Resurgence of Empire: East Asia

East Asia
Resurgence of Empire:
Free Write
Activity:
There is a saying that helps children remember Chinese history: "Qin-Han, Sui-Tang".
What do you think it means?
Chinese Regionalism
350 years of political division, economic turmoil & social conflict
Outcomes of Regional Period
Confucianism receives criticism (failure to maintain successful society)
People still embraced Confucian values
Nomadic invaders (Xiongnu)
Belief the Silk Road = corruption
Sui Dynasty
Founded by Yang Jian (Emperor Wendi)
Built elaborate bureaucracy
Focus on rebuilding infrastructure
Agree? Disagree? Silently add to their response.
589-618 CE
Buddhist
Paranoid
Valued Qin style leadership
Thrifty - food storage 50 yrs
Wife: Dugu Qieluo
"Two Holy Ones"
No concubines until her death
Assassinated by son
Return to Qin Ways
Harsh, codified laws
Written test for office
"ears and eyes of the ruler"
Chang'an
Built elaborate capital city
Sui Dynasty
2nd Emperor: Sui Yangdi
Legalistic/Dictatorial
Greatest achievement - Grand Canal






Assassinated in 618 CE
589-618 CE
TANG DYNASTY
Founded by Li Yuan (Emperor Gaozu)
China’s Greatest Dynasty?
“Qin-Han, Sui-Tang”
TANG
TAIZONG
Ambitious & ruthless (sorry dad and brothers)
Believed in Confucian & Qin values
Arguably best emperor
Stable, peaceful dynasty
Equal treatment to ethnic minorities
Tang Taizong Successful because:
1. Maintenance of transportation and communication network
Fall of TANG
Incapable emperors (love of mistresses/music)
An Lushan Rebellion
Equal field system deteriorated
Emperor stepped down in 907 CE
SONG DYNASTY
Song Taizu - 1st emperor
Mistrusted military
More educated bureaucrats
Focused on LOYALTY
Song Problems:
Untalented military leaders
Cost of bureaucracy
Taxation issues = peasant revolt
Nomads - Khitan (Manchuria), & Mongols
End of Song
618-907 CE
Tang Taizong Successful because:
2. Equal Field System
Tang Taizong Successful because:
3. Reliance on meritocracy & civil service exam
TANG DYNASTY
618-907 CE
Conquest:
Brought Manchuria, the Silla (Kingdom of Korea), Vietnam, and as far west as the Aral Sea under their control.
960-1279 CE
Split Song/Jin
1279 Southern Song crushed by Mongols
E
C
I
P
E
S
Largest empire
Mahayana Buddhism (later persecuted by Tang)
Revival of Daoism
Nestorian Christianity

Civil Service Exam System
Iron plows, harness ox
New porcelain
Inventions: Gunpowder,
Li Bo - Poet
Chang'an - most populated city
Wood Block Printing
Low tax rate
Equal field system
Tributary relationships
Highly involved in trade - India, Persia, Arabia, & Japan at Chang'an via Silk Road

Followed Legalistic Sui
Legalism + Confucianism
Tang Taizong - 2nd emperor
Meritocracy
Tributary relationship: Manchuria & Korea
Conquest: Vietnam, Central Asia near Aral Sea

Patriarchal
Women made silk, men farmers
Higher class women = more opportunities
High-class courtesans - assertive, singers, entertainers, bar tenders

E
C
I
P
E
S
Smaller than Tang
Urbanized
Confucian Revival "Neo-Confucianism"
Buddhism, Daoism
Most urbanized society
Champa (Fast Ripening) Rice from modern day Vietnam
Iron & Steel production
Gunpowder = weapon
Moveable type printing
Magnetic compass
Population boom
Commercialization
Flying Cash - Paper $
Larger bureaucracy = decreasing surpluses $$
Ceramics - "china"
Civil Service Examination system = ladder to success!
Increase in size of CSE participants
Song Taizu - emperor
Larger bureaucracy
Smaller military
Patriarchal
Veneration of ancestors
Foot binding
TANG
SONG
All land was owned by the government
Assigned to families
Slowed down wealthy land owners
An Lushan Rebellion:
General of non-Chinese origin who rose through the ranks
755 he turned his troops on the eastern capital city, Luoyang and declared himself emperor. Six months later conquered Chang'an.
Murdered in 757 and Tang Dynasty returned, but weakened.
960-1279 CE
618-906 CE
Full transcript