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The Good, The Bad & The Ugly
Transcript of The Good, The Bad & The Ugly
& The Ugly
The American Experience
Late in the 1800s, the United States wants to do business in China.
However, European powers (Great Britian, France, Russia, Germany & Japan) were already there.
United States suggests "Open Door" policy:
1. No nation prevents other nations from trading
2. All taxes should go to Chinese government.
3. No nation would use harbor fees or railroad duties that discriminated against each other.
However, these foreigners were not welcomed by many Chinese.
Boxers or groups of Chinese Nationalists started to object to foreign influences.
"Boxer Rebellion" - uprising of violence by Chinese & U.S. & European forces put it down.
Everyone continues to do business in China.
-New sources of raw materials
A Spanish colony that had long suffered from corruption & instability.
Won their independence in 1899. Both the U.S. & European companies were encouraged to go to the Dominican Rep. to invest (They did).
Life in the Dominican improved but when they couldn't pay off their debt the U.S. stepped in.
Teddy Roosevelt's "Speak softly and carry a big stick" decided it was in the U.S. best interest to take over its Latin American neighbor.
Roosevelt then added the "Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine. This asserted the right of the U.S. to act as an international police power in Latin America.
William Howard Taft, Roosevelt's successor, later used the idea of "Dollar Diplomacy" in the Dominican. This idea encouraged U.S. businesses to invest in these foreign countries.
This build up their economy & ours. However, many Dominican Nationalist groups resented U.S. involvement. They claimed U.S. businesses profited from Dominican resources by investing little & taking much.
New Zealand missionaries had landed in Hawaii in the 1820s to spread the word.
Many of these white men went on to control the prosperous sugar industry.
In 1891, Queen Lilioukalani came to power. She insisted natives control Hawaii, but many Americans already viewed it as an extension of the U.S.
The Queen attempted to restore power to Hawaiians & reduce the power of foreign merchants.
This alarmed white sugar planters & a revolt broke out. U.S. troops were used to put down the revolt. The white Americans seized power. The Queen was kicked out.
The United States Congress applied for annexation of Hawaii.
However, in 1898 the Spanish-American war broke out & when it was over, the Hawaiian islands were officially a possession of the U.S.
Long lasting resentment among native Hawaiians continued.
Mexico, by the late 19th century, had invited foreign investors. U.S. businesses had spent billions in RailRoads, mining & agricultural businesses.
The majority of Mexicans, however, were not benefiting from the modernization.
In 1910-11, a Mexican Revolution exploded.
In 1913, the U.S. helped put in a dictator to try to bring stability to protect their business investments.
The Mexican dictator refused to listen to the U.S. President Woodrow Wilson. So, Wilson attempted to overthrow him by supporting someone else. An all out war was avoided but by 1914, President Wilson sent General John J. "Black Jack" Pershing with 6,000 troops to kill a Mexican rebel named Poncho Villa.
In 1917, President Wilson finally called home General Pershing & the U.S. troops.
Mexicans were left destroyed & angry.
In 1898, U.S. Commodore George Dewey collaborated with Filipino rebels in fighting the Spaniards as part of the Spanish-American War.
The treaty ending the war had given the Philippines to the U.S.
Protestant American missionaries wanted to convert Catholics.
American businesses saw it as the "Gateway to China." However, the Filipinos thought they were getting their independence.
President McKinley decided, "take and educate the Filipinos and uplift and civilize & Christianize them."
MUSTANG MAGIC MOVIE CLIP
The Filipino rebels were angry and fought back.
The U.S. spent three years & 600 million in putting down the Philippine-American War.
The U.S. stays for the next 40 years & native resentement grows.
The treaty ending the Spanish-American (1898) War ceded Puerto Rico the U.S.
The U.S. will become the dominant power in the Caribbean.
Puerto Rico became a U.S. territory, which meant the U.S. ruled it.
U.S. businesses were encouraged with tax breaks to invest in Puerto Rico.
Most major industries were foreign owned and controlled.
Tobacco, sugar, plantations were U.S. controlled.
Small P.R. farmers were forced out because they couldn't compete with cheap imported food.
Many P.R. were forced to become dependent on seasonal, low paying work on U.S. plantations.
The U.S. is still dominant in the area.
The U.S. was ready to finally have that "Path Between the Seas" or a canal connecting the Pacific & Atlantic Oceans.
This canal would be good for the U.S. Navy and national defense but also business.
Teddy Roosevely wanted to put it through Panama, a part of Columbia, and he offered $10 million.
Columbia rejected that offer and Teddy Roosevelt was pissed.
Panama, fearing the U.S. would put the canal in Nicaragua, tried to break away from Colombia.
Columbia & Panama began to fight & Teddy Roosevelt refused to help Colombia put down the Panamanian uprising.
When it was over, Panama won Teddy Roosevelt & the U.S. recognized them as a country. They tookd $10 million and the U.S. built the canal.
In 1914, the Panama Canal was finished & the U.S. business flourished.
Panama got $$$ and Columbia got nothing.
The U.S. was interested in Cuba because they were located only 90 miles off of the coast of Florida.
Cuba was a Spanish colony and Spain had refused to give Cuba their independence.
In 1898, the U.S. went to Cuba and fought and won a four-month long war.
The U.S. emerged as a world power.
Cubans were given independence after the war but it was left in chaos.
The U.S. set up a military government in Cuba.
Eventually, the Cubans developed a Constitutioni but the U.S. made them add the Platt Amendment:
1. Cuba couldn't borrow from any foreign countries (no debt).
2. The U.S. had the right to intervene in Cuban affairs.
3. Cuba couldn't make any alliances without U.S. permission.
4. U.S. could build a military base in Cuba (Gitmo).
The Cubans hated the Platt Amendment but they were forced to accept it.
Throughout the rest of the first half of the 20th century, the U.S. had to step in and run Cuba.