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All You Wanted To Know About Wine

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on 9 September 2014

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Transcript of All You Wanted To Know About Wine

The earliest known wine production
occurred in Georgia around 6,000 BC.
Do You Know That...
In ancient Greece, a dinner host would take the first sip of wine to assure guests the wine was not poisoned, hence the phrase “drinking to one’s health.”
There are approximately 20 million acres of grapes
Darker shades of wine (the deepest, blackest reds
and the most golden whites) usually come from
warm climates and are rich and ripe.


Lighter colors, especially in white wines, come from cooler climates and are lighter and less lush.
European wines are named after their geographic locations (e.g., Chassagne-Montrachet Morgeot and Bordeaux) while non-European wines (e.g., Pinot Noir and Merlot) are named after different grape varieties.
Global warming may redefine wine growing in the future. Even tiny temperature changes can dramatically change the quality of wine.
Traditionally, wine was never stored standing up. Keeping the wine on its side
kept the wine in contact with the cork, thereby preventing the cork from drying,
shrinking, and letting in air. However, wine can be stored vertically if the bottle
has an artificial cork.
The worst place to store wine is usually in the kitchen because it is typically
too warm to store wine safely. Refrigerators are not satisfactory for storing
wine either. Even at their warmest setting, they’re too cold.
Each type of wine requires the special glass:
red wine
white wine
sparkling wine
sweet (dessert) wine
Serving tips:
It is traditional to first serve and then move to throughout a meal. Additionally, should be served before , before , and before .
lighter wines
heavier wines
white wine
red
younger wine
older
dry wine
sweet
Optimal serving temperature:
red wine
white wine
sparkling wine
sweet (dessert) wine
There is a right and wrong way to hold a wine glass.
Wine glasses should always be held by the stem and
not the bowl because the heat of the hand will raise
the temperature of the wine.
7 Myths and truths about the wine:
Myths:
Truths:
1. The older the wine, the better it gets.
Not all wines improve with time. In fact, a vast majority of wines produced are ready to drink and do not have much potential for aging. Only a rare few will last longer than a decade. With age, red wines tend to lose color and will eventually end up a sort of brick red. On the other hand, white wines gain color, becoming golden and eventually brown-yellow.
2. You can understand the quality of wine by smelling its cork.
Contrary to traditional belief, smelling the cork reveals little about the wine. Instead, if a server or sommelier hands you a cork, you should look for the date and other identifying information (inexpensive wine won’t have these features). Additionally, look for mold, drying, cracking, or breaks in the cork.
3. Red wine is produced from red grapes, white wine is produced from white grapes.
Although red wine can only be produced from red grapes, white wine can be produced from both white and red grapes. Red wines are red because fermentation extracts color from the grape skins. White wines are not fermented with the skins present.
4. Men are better wine taster than women.
Since wine tasting is essentially wine smelling, women tend to be better wine testers because women, particularly of reproductive ages, have a better sense of smell than men.
1. Wine is good for your health.
There is increasing scientific evidence that moderate, regular wine drinking can reduce the risk of heart disease, Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, and gum disease. BUT!!! While wine offers certain medical benefits, it may slightly increase the risk of contracting certain kinds of cancer of the digestive tract, particularly the esophagus. There is also a slightly increased risk of breast cancer. AND too much alcohol harms your health!
2. Red wine is healthier than white wine.
Red wine, typically more than white wine, has antioxidant properties and contains resveratrol,
which seems to be important in the cardio-protective effects of wine.
3. It is good to use wine for cooking.
When wine and food are paired together, they have “synergy” or a third flavor beyond what either
the food or drink offers alone.
And the world’s oldest bottle of wine dates back to A.D. 325 and was found near the town of Speyer, Germany, inside one of two Roman sarcophaguses.
The phrase “rule of thumb” was first coined when brewers would dip a finger or thumb into the liquid to determine the ideal temperature for adding yeast, as they did not yet have thermometers.
planted across the world. Thanks to this number,
grapes are ranked as the world’s number one fruit crop.
red wine's bowl will be fuller and rounder with a larger opening to allow you to dip your nose into the glass to detect
aroma
U shaped and upright allowing the aromas to be released while
the flavor in the beve- rage
also maintaining a cooler tempe-rature
white wine's
bowl will be more
sparkling wine' glass has a flute shape, will be upright and more narrow to retain
the carbonation
and capture
sweet wine's glass should be smaller to direct the wine to the back of the mouth
so the sweetness doesn't over-whelm
U.S. Wine Popularity
Chardonnay - 13.3 %
Cabernet Sauvignon - 12.1 %
Merlot - 8.9 %
Piont Grigio - 7.8 %
Muscato - 7.6 %
Pinot Noir - 7.5 %
White Zinfandel - 7.2 %
Riesling - 5.1 %
Sangiovese - 4.3 %
Sauvignon Blanc - 3.8 %
Others - 20.4 %
Full transcript