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Transcript of Great Expectations
Some of the characters are connected by someone or something. By the end of the book you can actually find out who is related to who. There are also many foreshadowing moments that take place that helps you know who the character is related to.
Pip's Great Expectations
The first expectation was to get Estella and become a gentleman.
The second expectation was that Pip is able to live his dream of being educated and wealthy and still wants Estella.
The third and last expectation is Pip tries to repair all his relationships with people he mistreated and loved.
Basic Plot Summary
Character Relations (continued)
Dickens' Style &
Interesting Information About Charles Dickens
In 1822, Dickens' family moved to Camden Town in London. Him and his family were poor.
Dickens' father (John Dickens) went to prison for debt in 1824 when Charles was 12 years old.
Charles Dickens was forced to leave school after his father went to prison and worked at a boot-blacking factory instead.
Dickens returned to school when his father received family inheritance.
The opening chapter of Great Expectations demonstrates a novel that employs melodramatic and Gothic techniques while maintaining its actuality as a first person narrative.
Dickens' style of writing therefore 'filled space', and included lots of repetition and long lists.
His writing is rhythmic and designed to be read out loud.
So many of his characters are either hilariously comical or heart-breakingly sentimental.
There are several techniques of writing that Charles Dickens constantly demonstrates in this novel. These techniques include the theme of money and social power, the eccentric characters, and the use of repetition.
About the Book
In Great Expectations, all of the silly names mean something about the character.
: This was his nickname as a child, however he is still referred to as Pip even as an adult. This may show that he still possesses some of parts of his childhood, such as innocence.
: Just like a star, Estella shines brightly and beautifully, especially in Pip's eyes. However, just like a star, Estella lacks a heart.
: When we think of his name, we think of dagger. Jaggers, along with a dagger, creates a sinister and evil feeling just because he is very mysterious and mean.
: His name includes "drum" which is appropriate because he beats and abuses Estella when they are married.
One of the most outstanding themes is social status. Pip is exposed to all the classes through characters such as: Joe, Biddy, and Magwitch who represent the lower class; Pumblechook, who represents the middle class; and Miss Havisham, Compeyson, Estella, and Drummle, who represent the upper class.
Despite their social status Pip comes to realize that one's social status has no correlation to who they really are as a person.
The lower class is portrayed as only poor and worse off which over shines the fact that they are really truthful and loyal.
Pip soon comes to learn that it is more important who you are as a person versus how you look.
The main idea, morally, in respect to social status, is the fact that material social advancement cannot bring one true happiness (Pip comes to this realization when he confesses his love to Estella as a gentleman).
Another main moral point in the novel, and breakthrough for Pip, is that social status is unnecessary for good will.
Pip also comes to learn that conscience and affection are to be valued above social standing.
"Yes, Pip, dear boy, I've made a gentleman on you (Dickens 345)!"
"I took her hand in mine and we went out of the ruined place; and, as the morning mists had risen long ago when I first left the forge, so the evening mists were rising now, and in all the broad expanse of tranquil light they showed to me, I saw no shadow of another parting from her (Dickens 521)."
"Pip, dear old chap, life is made of ever so many partings welded together, as I may say, and one man's a blacksmith, and one's a whitesmith, and one's a goldsmith, and one's a coppersmith. Diwisions among such must come, and must be met as they come (Dickens 244)."
is about a young orphan who becomes wealthy despite his beginnings, casts his friends away, and eventually realizes all his mistakes. As a young child, the orphan, Pip, lives with his sister and brother-in-law, Joe. On Christmas Eve, Pip is walking through the marshes when he meets an escaped convict who threatens him into bringing back food and a file to break the leg-irons. The next day, the convict is captured and takes the blame for Pip's burglary.
Later on, young Pip is sent to entertain Miss Havisham, a wealthy but bitter woman because she was jilted on her wedding day long ago. She still wears her wedding gown, and the now-rotten wedding cake and feast sits atop her dining table. Pip instantly falls in love with her beautiful adopted daughter, Estella, even though she is cold and distant. Eventually, she tells him she can never love anyone.
Ambition and Self-Improvement
Throughout Pip's life, it is ambition that encouraged the events in his life. Whenever he found something that was of higher value than what he already had, he desired advancement.
Miss Havisham desired to raise Estella to break hearts (revenge on men), Herbert Pocket desired to be rich, and Joe desired for Pip to join him and work on the forge.
Pip wants nothing more than to be a gentleman, improve his education, leave the forge, and marry Estella (who fuels most of his wants).
Pip desires moral self-improvement, to be kinder and care more towards Joe and Biddy. Most of the time he is disappointed with himself because of how he treats Joe.
Pip had self-motivation to improve himself.
One day he learns that an anonymous benefactor has left him an enormous amount of money, and that he will move to London, where he will become a gentleman. A lawyer, Jaggers, will oversee his inheritance. Pip think his benefactor is Miss Havisham, because she wants him to marry Estella. Pip moves to London, away from the only family and friends he has ever known. His wealth and position changes him, and he is now ashamed of Joe and Biddy (a childhood friend) because Estella may disapprove. This shows how powerful of a factor Estella is in his life. She has been trained by Miss Havisham to break hearts, and even though she warns Pip she cannot love him, he persists in loving her.
On his 24th birthday, Pip learns that his benefactor is not Miss Havisham, but the convict from long ago, Magwitch, whom Pip begins to warm up to. Magwitch eventually dies, but not before Pip discovers that adopted Estella is Magwitch’s daughter and tells Magwitch how lovely she is. By that time, Estella has married Pip’s enemy, Drummle, who was abusive. Miss Havisham dies, but not before asking Pip for forgiveness. The novel ends when Pip meets Estella after many years and discovers she has left Drummle, who had since died, and is remarried. She and Pip part as friends and Pip realizes she will always be a part of his life, just like all the other memories of his once-great expectations.
About the Book
In the 19th century, have "expectations" specifically meant expecting to inherit money from the death of a family member. In this case, most of Miss Havisham's family had "expectations" for her death.
Pip & Estella: Pip truly loves Estella but she can't love him back.
Magwitch & Molly: Estella's real mother and father.
Mr. & Mrs. Joe: Took care of Pip when he was a orphan.
Miss Havishman & Estella: Miss Havisham adopted Estella as her daugther.
Magwitch & Pip: Magwitch was Pip's secret benefactor.
Pip & Joe: He was Pip's brother-in-law but they had a father and son connection.
Great Expectations: Swag Edition (Pip Rap)