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Geography Project_Innuitian Mountain Region
Transcript of Geography Project_Innuitian Mountain Region
Kaya Redsky & Ainsley Ferguson Innuitian Mountains Physical Characteristics Glacial Influence Innuitian Placement/Location: Economic Activity The Innuitian Region is located in the northernmost region of Canada. It is characterized by three zones of mountains that are extensive and discontinuous terrain of more subdued topography, formed by plateaus, uplands, and lowlands, with the Queen Elizabeth Islands comprising most of the area.The mountains are located north of the Arctic tree line.
The Queen Elizabeth Islands area contains three major mountains ranges, consisting of the Grantland, the Princess Margaret Range, and the Victoria & Albert Mountains. These mountains ranges are partof the Innuitain Mountains which in turn form part of the Arctic Cordillera mountain system.
The mountains are nearly buried by ice sheets through which the peaks project as a row of nunataks. Between these three large mountainous zone lines is the Eureka Upland, while to the south are the Perry Plateau and the Sverdrup Lowlands, a region of low relief, rolling, and scarped lowland. About one third of the Ellesmere and Axel Heiberg Islands are covered with ice. In the Innuitian Region the rocks are very old and were formed during the Mesozoic era.The type of rock in this region are igneous and metamorphic rocks with some areas of sedimentary rocks. That means they are older, harder, and smoother rock, with more broken pieces of rock formations. The Innuitian Mountains were formed/developed when a continental plate was crumbled and pushed upward (North America) to form mountain ranges. During this time the North American plate was moving northward. These Mountain peaks and ridges reach a height of 10 000ft (3000 meters).These mountains were formed in the far north areas of Canada, including Ellesmere island. Rocks: Type & Formation In the Innuitian Region there are many bays and channels. It is surrounded by the Arctic Ocean and one sea. Some of the channels, sounds, straights, and bays are:
Viscount Meliville Sound,
Some of the Channels are:
M'Clure Straight Major Water Bodies: There is also the North West passage and Prince Gustaf Adolf Sea. That is just the few channels, straight, passages, and sounds that I mentioned. There are so many more I could mention but it would take forever:) Also there was that one lone sea, that sounded like it was named after a German.
Did you know that most of those channels, sounds, bays, and straights were named after the brave explorers you tried to find the safe passage of the North West Passage. Many of the peoples boats froze in the ice, and froze to death. Like the Bryan Channel, Lancaster Sound, Austin Channel and many more. The Innuitians run through the Parry Islands in the far northern area of Canada and continue northward through Devon Island to form the high ranges of Ellesmere Island, which point even farther north - toward the North Pole. So remote that they have played little part in the development of North America. They are part of the Arctic Cordillera and are largely unexplored, due to the hostile climate. In some locations the Innuitian Mountains measure over 2,500 m (8,202 ft) in height, and 1,290 km (802 mi) in length. The highest point is Barbeau Peak at 2,616 m (8,583 ft). This region is mostly barren and vast areas mainly have permafrost. The Innuitian Mountains consists of numerous smaller mountain ranges. Some of these are the British Empire Range, the Princess Margaret Range and the United States Range, which is the world's northernmost mountain range. They look like the Appalachians. The Innuitain Mountains resemble the Appalachian Mountains in composition and contain similar types of minerals. However, there are metallic minerals including iron and zinc and non-metallic minerals such as coal. The mineral resources have not been greatly exploited, due to the cost of developing such a remote region while cheaper alternatives are available elsewhere. The Innuitian Mountains stand like icy watch towers in Canada's far north. Evidence(Not Shown) indicates that most, if not all, of the region was glaciated during the Late Wisconsinan. Precipitation is less than 200 ml. Winter: -40 degrees (Celcius) Summer: 0 Degrees (Celcius) Water vast areas are covered by ice and permanent snow. Water cannot drain down from the mountain because of the permafrost (permanent frozen ground) Surface remains waterlogged. Glaciers cover about one-third of Quttinirpaaq National Park. They vary from large ice fields to small semi-permanent snowfields. The large ice caps are approximately 125,000 years old.
There are two glaciers near the Innuitians (that I am aware of anyway):is the Greenland Ice cap and the Agassiz ice cap. Major Communities In The Region Alert, in the Qikiqtaaluk area, is Canada's northernmost permanently inhabited place in the world although not considered a town. It is 817 kilometres away from the North Pole, with only 5 temporary residents. Many geologists and scientists reside here for further research. The community has a polar climate, with heavy packed snow covering it for 10 months out of the year. It hosts a Military Signals Intelligence Radio Station radio at the Canadian Forces Station Alert (CFS Alert), Environment Canada Weather Station, Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) Monitoring Laboratory, and Alert Airport. There is not very many people residing in the region, as I have found only three major communities. These communities are Alert, Grise Fiord, and Resolute. Resolute, often mistaken as Resolute Bay, (in Inuktitut it is pronounced Qausuittuq) is a small inuit town located at the northern end of Resolute Bay and the Norwest Passage. It has a population of only 250 people, and is the second northernmost inhabited town behind Grise Fiord. For a small town of its size, it is a buzzing place, with modern everyday stores, and buildings. It's like a smaller version of Kenora! A grocery store, retail store (managed by Tadjaat Co-Op), hotels, gift shop, restaurant, school, gym, internet, telephone services (landline), cable t.v service, airport, and snowmobile rentals are daily things that the people need in order to live here. An R.C.M.P Detachment and Ranger's Station is also located here for the safety of the people in regards to Polar Bear warnings, and other things. Resolute: Alert Grise Fiord Grise Fiord known in Inuktitut as Aujuittuq meaning “The land that never thaws”, is another small, but major community in the Innuitian region. It is the northernmost inhabited settlement, home to 150 inuit residents. There is one airport, to transport supplies in and out of the town. In early 1970, Bell Canada established the worlds first northernmost telephone exchange, and is still running today for emergency services only. Due to high food prices because of the cost of transportation, most people here in this community are forced to hunt and fish for their own food. It is said that the prices are double, almost triple the amounts of food in southern Canada. They rely on country food, mainly from marine mammals, as part of their diets. There is only one school from grades K-12, and post secondary education is not available here. You learn the skills of trade, from buildings sleds, homes, carvings, and sewing or making garments. The Innuitian Mountains are younger in composition than the Appalachian Mountains on the far east coast of Canada and the United States. They haven't started the long process of erosion because there has not been enough time to morph into rounded hills. The Olympic Torch that was en route to the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, passed through the small town of Alert in the region on November 9th 2009. Lake Hazen is one of the largest freshwater lakes in the region. It has 80m thick of freshwater ice shelves Other Interesting Facts and Information: First and earliest visitors to the region were Paleo-Eskimos between 4000-5000 years ago.
Another earlier visitor was Eskimo Adolphus Greely from Lake Hazen in 1882. Earliest Visitors: Barbeau Peak is the highest point in the mountain ranges, with an elevation of 2,616m, which is 8,583ft.
There is not very many tourist attractions in the region, because the climate is too harsh and cold. It is a snowy desert! Tourist Attractions: Quttinirpaaq National Park Of Canada is Canada's northernmost national park. It is only 720km away from the North Pole! This park covers the northern portion of Ellesmere Island, in Nunavut. There is many activities to do like dog sledding, ski touring, hiking, and mountain climbing. It is associated as one of the earliest documented human inhabitants of this region. One of the valleys in the park are known as a popular route that early Aboriginal People used to move to and from the Canadian Arctic and Greenland. Quttinirpaaq National Park Sirmilik National Park is located on Bylot Island, with some portions of it on Baffin Island, in Nunavut. Activities and things to do in the region are hiking, mountain climbing, boating, fishing, camping, and bird watching. There is a major sea bird colony in the vicinity, with 30 different species. Sirmilik National Park Auyuittuq located in unorganized territory on the Cumberland Peninsula in Nunavut. The word is derived from the Inuktitut meaning “The land that never melts”.The park includes the highest peak in the Canadian Shield, the Penny Ice Cap. You'll never run out of things to do here! From hiking, fishing, scenic tours, skiing on ice fields, climbing the peaks, wildlife tours, and exploring the rocky shores on the coastal fiords, you'll be entertained. Auyuittuq National Park Thanks for listening to our presentation! Beautiful, Serene, & Inspiring.