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Philippine Educational System: Historical Perspective
Transcript of Philippine Educational System: Historical Perspective
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
B. Spanish period
During the Spanish period, education became organized.
A major educational reform was affected that gives a complete
educational system for Filipinos.
C. AMERICAN REGIME
D. The Japanese Regime
The ten (10) regular bureaus and institutes of the Ministry
The child is taught at home by the parents or by some tribal tutor.
The practice of apprenticeship, whereby a person usually learns some occupational skill from his parents or sent to somebody as an apprentice who knows a certain job [say, a blacksmith]
Institutionalized education in the form of initiation rites and religious ceremonies. The priest called sonats provided a specialized training for would-be priest.
The Early Part of the Spanish Regime
• Schools were set up for the upper social classes founded by Spaniards for the Spanish youth.
• Filipino boys and girls attended parochial schools.
was given at
Colegio de San Juan de Letran,
de Manila and in seminaries.
The curriculum was predominantly
religious. The children learned
Christian doctrine, sacred songs
and music, and prayers required
for the sacraments
of confession and communion.
The 3 R’s were given to brighter
Other subjects includes (after 1863),
the 3 R’s, history,
the Spanish language,
vocal music, and agriculture for boys and needlework for girls
Educational Decree of 1863
• A law that gave Filipinos a complete system of
education from elementary to collegiate level.
• Provided for the establishment of elementary schools,
one for boys and one for girls, in all municipalities of the
• Attendance in school were compulsory between
the ages of seven and twelve
by the University
of Santo Tomas.
Act No. 74
The Americans established for the Filipinos a system of free public education.
In line with this goals, the US sent a group of professionally trained American priest teachers, the Thomasites.
Act No. 372
to maintain a
Schools established during this period
1901 Philippine Normal School
1908 University of the Philippines
Constitutional Convention in 1935, Article XIV Section 5
A mandate that “….the government shall establish and maintain a complete and adequate system of public education and shall provide at least free public primary instructions and citizenship training to adult citizens.”
It was during this period that the
Filipinos came to adopt the American
system of education as it was today.
The Philippine government established
and maintained the elementary,
secondary, and tertiary levels of
education, the operations of which
was either by the government,
or private persons or corporations.
( Please refer to our discussion
of the present system of Philippine
Education aimed at training Filipinos in the democratic way of life, citizenship, moral character, fundamentals of vocational education and trained for self-government.
Act of 1940
Grade VII was eliminated.
Military Order No. 2, 1942
embodies the Japanese educational policies.
The teaching of Tagalog,
and Character Education
was reserved for Filipinos.
Love for work and dignity was emphasized.
E. The Educational System under the Martial Law Period
Presidential commission to Survey
Philippine Education (PCSPE)
It was created by the President (F. Marcos)
to study our educational system at that time which came up with policy and program recommendations based on their findings.
Proclamation 1081, September 21, 1972
It started an educational reform
based on the findings of PCSPE.
It was premised on the framework that education should be an integrated system as provided
for in Section 8, Sub-section 1 of Article XI acronym, PLEDGES,
which meant, peace and order, land reform,
economic development, development of
moral values through educational reform, government reorganization, employment and manpower development and social services.
2. Secondary Education
9. Historical Institute
10. Technical Vocational Education
3. Elementary Education
4. Continuing Education
5. Sports and Development
6. Institute of National
There was a reorganization of the Department of Education and Culture, some
offices were abolished
or integrated with other offices, new ones were also created.
educational system of the Philippines is the result of a long process of educational evolution.
A. Pre-Spanish Period
During the pre-Spanish period, education
informal. It means that there was no overruling agency that governs the educational system.