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Women in the French Revolution
Transcript of Women in the French Revolution
- Olympe de Gouges ( 1748-1793 )
- Marie Antoinette ( 1755-1793 )
Also, in regards to women, events and declarations occurred, such as:
- Declaration of the Rights of Women ( 1791 )
- Women's March to Versaille ( 1789 ) Olympe de Gouges
( 1748-1793 ) Olympe de Gouges was a butchers daughter. She had a very strong opinion on women's rights around the time of the French Revolution. She wrote a declaration which challenged many points that were parts of a mans rights. She pushed very hard to have her opinions and concerns noticed. In the end, this lead to Olympe being charged with treason and she was arrested and executed by the guillotine. Marie Antoinette
( 1755-1793 ) Marie Antoinette ruled over France with her husband for a portion of the revolution. Marie Antoinette married Louie XV on May 16, 1770. On October 14, 1793 Marie Antoinette was put on trial for treason to her role in the Diamond Necklace Affair and for sexually abusing her son. The next day, Marie was put in front of 9 male judges and an all male jury and was tried and convicted of all her charges. October 16, 1793 was the day Marie Antoinette was executed by guillotine.
The fact that Marie Antoinette was executed because of some men's point of view, may lead you to wonder that if women were in that group of people that decided the fate of Marie Antoinette, if she would have done something amazing for the women of her reign. Women's March to Versailles A crowd of women marched on October 4, 1789 to the city of Versailles demanding bread for their families. Many unhappy Parisians (mostly women but a few men) marched in the rain toward Versailles. They demanded to see the baker and his family. The King met with some of the women and agreed to distribute all the bread in the city to the women. The National Guard came and decided if they took the King back to Paris the King would be in a hard situation. Some of the crowd went for Marie Antoinette but she escaped just in time through a secret passage. The King the told the crowd that he would return to Paris with his wife and children. This was a huge mistake on his part. He was later executed. The women march to Versaille to demand bread for their families. At this time, taxes were so high for the peasants to support higher classes in society. This meant that higher classes didn't have to do anything and the peasants would work for them. The peasants on the other hand, couldn't support their own families with enough food or money.
Also, the King and his wife were in Versaille at the time. This made demanding bread from Versaille specifically make sence. Why did the women March to Versaille? Effects of the March to Versaille When the women reached Versaille, they demanded bread from the baker and his family. The King was in Versaille and agreed to address the crowd. When he did he had all the bread in Versaille distributed to them. He then agreed to go to Paris with his wife and children.
Later on, some people from the crowd got into where the queen was staying. Luckily she escaped through a secret passage.
The King's actions did not go over well. The King never saw Versaille again.
He was executed on January 21, 1793. Olympe de Gouges wrote against many
of the rights a man had. She made women's rights
recognized. At the time Olympe wrote her declaration,
if a man separated from a woman, the woman would suffer.
In her declaration, women who were separated because of a
man making her a false promise would end up having to keep his
promise or go into a court of laws admitting it to be of his doings. Otherwise, an unmarried woman was not looked at with any respect again. A woman would have very little chance of being happily married in her lifetime again.
Olympe felt that the country spent it's time focusing on the weaknesses of their men and their armies of men. The spent their
time making them feel strong and superior. When Olympe wrote her
declaration, she wanted not for men to be groveling at a woman's
feet but for a man to be proud and share that with his wife.
The French Revolution related to Olympe's feelings.
People were very unhappy that the government gave
them little say in their government. Meaning that
they could not choose what rights they got. By Mikayla Lee Erickson Bibliography 1. Gouges, Olympe de. "Declaration of Rights of Women." FORDHAM.EDU. http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1791degouge1.asp (accessed May 26, 2013).
2. "Marie Antoinette | PBS." PBS: Public Broadcasting Service. http://www.pbs.org/marieantoinette/index.html (accessed May 26, 2013).
3. "Mister Murdock Online ." Mister Murdock Online . http://mistermurdock.info (accessed May 26, 2013).
4. "Women's March to Versailles HistoryWiz French Revolution ." HistoryWiz: for students, teachers and lovers of history. http://www.historywiz.com/womensmarch.htm (accessed May 27, 2013).