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Prezi senza titolo

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by

Lucia Di Grazia

on 29 February 2016

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Transcript of Prezi senza titolo

Oscar Wilde, a perfect dandy
Oscar Wilde
Oscar Wilde is regarded as the main representative of Aestheticism in England.
He was a disciple of Walter Pater and adopted the motto of Art for Art's sake, according to which Art is the search for Beauty and pleasure. So Art does not need a didactic aim.
Oscar Wilde's education
Oscar Wilde was the son of an eye surgeon and a literary woman, so he grew up in a stimulating environment.
He first studied at Trinity College in Dublin, where he was a brilliant student and then continued his studies at Oxford university, where he graduated.
After his degree he moved to London.
Oscar Wilde in London
Once in London, Oscar Wilde soon became a fashionable dandy and adopted an eccentric way of
dressing and speaking in public. He used to wear a velvet coat, silk blouses, knee breeches and flowers in the buttonholes. Sometimes he chose roses, others lilies and when he really wanted to shock people, he used to wear sunflowers.
Oscar Wilde in London
In his honour, people started to imitate him. Women wore lilies, while men used to wear flowers in their buttonholes.
Meanwhile Oscar Wilde adopted the aesthetic motto of Art for Art's sake, searching for the beautiful in every field of his life.
Oscar Wilde in London
Oscar Wilde behaved like a perfect dandy, who wanted to show his intellectual and spiritual superiority through his eccentric clothes, and speaking through paradoxes.
Oscar Wilde and the Usa
In 1881 Oscar Wilde was engaged for a tour in the United States, during which he gave lectures about Aestheticism and the Pre-Raphaelites. It is reported that when he arrived in New York and the customs officer asked him if he had anything to declare, Wilde said "I have nothing to declare but my genius". His tour was a success.
Oscar Wilde's literary production
Wilde's first published work was "Poems" edited in 1881 at his own expense. In the late 1880s the writer's literary production increased. He wrote tales for children, like "The Happy Prince and other tales" and "The Canterville Ghost". In 1891 he published his famous novel "The Picture of Dorian Gray", which spoiled Wilde's reputation because
Oscar Wilde's literary production
it was considered as immoral. After publishing his novel, Wilde became more interested in drama, so he wrote lots of plays such as "Lady Windermere's fan", "An Ideal Husband", "The Importance of being Earnest" and the tragedy "Salome" (written in French), which ruined his reputation too, since it was regarded as obscene.
In 1891 Oscar Wilde started a homosexual affair with Lord Alfred Douglas. In Victorian England homosexuality was considered a crime, so the boy's father forced a public trial on Oscar Wilde, after which he was sentenced to two years hard labour in Reading Gaol. While in prison Oscar Wilde wrote a long letter to Lord Alfred Douglas,
Oscar Wilde's decline
The Ballad of Reading Gaol
"De Profundis", in which he accused the boy of abandoning him. When he was released from prison, he wrote "The Ballad of Reading Gaol", here he explained his sufferings and pleaded for a prison reform.
Full transcript