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Only HIV plus counseling Presentation

for One time presentaions

Esteban Rodriguez

on 28 January 2016

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Transcript of Only HIV plus counseling Presentation

How is HIV
From infected Mother to Child
Using a condom EVERY single time you have sex
(Vaginal, Anal, and Oral sex).
Avoid sharing needles
Needle exchange programs
No breast feeding,
breast feeding will increase the chances by 5-20%.
During pregnancy, mothers who have HIV should take Antiretroviral (ARV) drugs to reduce the spread. The chances for the child to contract HIV are less than 2%.
Getting Tested
If an individual is sexually active and engaging in risky behaviors, they should:
Get tested twice a year.

Get tested before every new partner (sexual and/or needle sharing partner).
How to get tested?
Contact Corazón Community Services for testing locations.
The current rapid testing device is called,
It approximately takes 15 minutes for
Clearview to detect HIV antibodies.
So what really happens during an
HIV testing session?
1. Introduce and explain the process of the session.
The Six-Step Protocol
2. Identify risk behavior and circumstances.
3. Identify safer goal behaviors.

4. Develop an action plan.
5. Refferals and Support.

6. Summarize and close the session.
If the client is Non-Reactive or Negative (-) for HIV antibodies, the session is then finished.

(Continue practicing safe behaviors)
If the client is Reactive or Preliminary Positive for HIV antibodies, retest with "OraSure" to send to the lab to confirm Positive for HIV.

Continue with client-focused counseling and begin Partner Services.
What is Partner Services?
The goal of Partner Services (PS) is to interrupt HIV transmission by providing services to partners so they can:
Avoid infections
Prevent Transmission to others
Help partners gain access to:
Medical evaluation
Other prevention options
Who notifies and refers this partner?
Type of
Does provider
coach client?
Does provider collect full exposure, identifying and locating information for this partner?
Provider Referral
Client Referral
Dual Referral
Contract Referral
PS Provider
Client agrees to disclose
HIV status with PS
provider present
Client makes initial attempt;
if unsuccessful, PS provider
conducts referrals
On behalf of:
AIDS = Acquired - Immune - Deficiency - Syndrome
Caused by HIV, AIDS is defined as having a CD4 T-cell count below 200 micro liters
(a non-HIV individual will have 700-1300).
It is the only 100% method to prevent the HIV infection.

Abstinence is the practice of NOT having
any type of sex

(Vaginal, Anal and Oral Sex).
Be Safe
It is recommended for a to retest after the window period (3 months), if individual is at high-risk.

If not at high-risk, one should:
Get tested for every new partner
(sexual and/or needle sharing partner) or
at least once a year.
After 20 Minutes, the results are given.

3 possible results:
Non-reactive or HIV (-)
Reactive or Preliminary HIV (+)
The majority of individuals experience an asymptomatic stage.

The remaining experience flu-like symptoms or a cold, night sweats, swollen lymph glands, yeast infections, diarrhea, coughs, loss of appetite and other common symptoms.
Destroys the immune system by destroying your CD-4 white blood cells.

HIV leads to AIDS when the immune system is completely destroyed.
Within the Suburban Cook County,
HIV cases in Cicero and Berwyn are
among the highest.
Where you live

How many times do you have to have sexual intercourse to get a HIV?
What are the only ways to prevent or reduce getting HIV?

HIV cannot be detected on the test until 3 months after exposure.

(If you have unprotected sex today, you will have to wait 3 months until you know if you got infected)

It could be years before HIV could turn into AIDS.
What is the immune system?
A group of cells that protect the body from things like bacteria and viruses.
If you're strong and healthy, white blood cells patrol the body and attack anything that should not be there.
If you're weak, white blood cells are low and not able to fight off bacteria and viruses.
(In rare cases, unsterlilzed instruments such as tattoo needles can potentially transmit the infection)
Prevention is the only way to stop the spread of HIV.
Our testing is FREE and CONFIDENTIAL and requires a small sample of saliva (no needles or blood).
(sexual and/or needle sharring partner)
Before running the test, individuals have the right to test either as:

Anonymous or Confidential.
In contrast, with confidential testing, although your results are kept private, your name is associated with them, and they may only be revealed to HIV staff member and clinic
staff if tested Preliminalry Positive (+).

Before being tested, you should always ask who
will have access to your results.
With anonymous testing, your name will not be associated with the test. When you come in for testing, you are assigned a number/code, and you use that same number/code to receive your results.
In case an individual's test is Preliminary Positive(+) for HIV, it is highly recommended to consent for Confidential testing.
With the help of these Antiretroviral
drugs, individuals are now living long
and healthy lives.
What are the 4 different types of bodily fluids
that can transmit HIV?
What are the different types of sex?
Which one can NOT transmit HIV?
How else can you transmit an infection?
How often should one get tested if they are sexually active?
Safe sex
Don't be silly, wrap your willy :-)
What is HIV?
H – Human
– This particular virus can only infect human beings.

I – Immunodeficiency
– HIV weakens your immune system by destroying important cells that fight disease and infection. A "deficient" immune system can't protect you.

V – Virus
– A virus can only reproduce itself by taking over a cell in the body of its host.


A group of cells that protect the body from things like bacteria and viruses.

If you're strong and healthy, white blood cells patrol the body and attack anything that should not be there.

If you're weak, white blood cells are low and not able to fight off bacteria and viruses.
What is the immune system?
Financial Cost
There is NO cure for HIV/AIDS.

However, there is treatment for HIV or AIDS.

Consists of drugs that have to be taken every day for the rest of a person’s life.

The drugs are often referred to as:
*Anti-HIV or Anti-AIDS drugs

The aim is to keep the amount of HIV in the body at a low level

(stops any weakening of the immune system and allows recovery from previous damage).
HIV medicine is very expensive. For most, insurances, drug assistance programs, or community resources pay most of the cost.

On average, medication for HIV on a monthly basis can come up around $1, 400.

However, there are a lot of resources available to help pay for treatment and medications. Never will you be turned down because you cannot afford it.
Still get tested.
Caused by HIV. AIDS is defined as havig a CD4 T-cell count below 200 micro liters
(a non-HIV individual will have
Most Common -
Unprotected Sex
During Birth
Several organizations and campaigns are aiming to have a "born with HIV free" campaign by 2015.
Roughly over 1000 newborns are born every day with HIV.
Sharing Needles
Rare Cases:
tattoo needles
When injecting drugs or steroids
Most Common
Unprotected Sex
Take the Test
How has society affected sexuality?
1. Blood
2. Sperm/Semen
3. Vaginal Fluid
4. Breast Milk
4 Bodily Fluids
There is no risk of contracting the HIV infection in daily routine activities and by casual contact with HIV positive person.
For example:
Touching (handshaking or hugging)
Public restroom
Coughing or sneezing
Sharing utensils
Swimming pools
Insect bites (mosquito)
Test takes about 20 minutes to show results.
If a client is indeterminate, retest ASAP.

Either the device was defective or the saliva sample was not good enough.
How many times do you have to have sexual intercourse to get HIV?
Full transcript