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Comparing Models of Curriculum Development

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Tristan Drusky

on 25 February 2015

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Transcript of Comparing Models of Curriculum Development

Hilda Taba's "Grassroots" Model
History of the Model

-Demonstrates that effective curriculum requires a defined order of creation, thereby leading to a linear model.

-Educators hold critical role in the development of the curricula, which went against the idea of the top-down administrative model.

-Utilizes the Concept Development Theory, where students' critical thinking skills are enhanced and ideas are extended.

-Inductive Approach: Starts with development of curriculum and leads to generalizations.

-Prescriptive Implementation


Taba Model's 7 Components
Diagnosis of Student Needs

Formulation of Objectives (by teacher)

Content Selection (the objectives and curriculum should match)

Content Organization (sequencing of content based on students' maturity, achievement, socioeconomic status, and interests)

Selection of Learning Experiences (instructional methods to be used)

Organization of Learning Activities (activities organized in an order determined by the content)

Evaluation (includes the method in which students will be assessed)
How Can Taba's Model Be Used?
Complete development of school’s curriculum.

Allows the curriculum to meet the needs of specific sets of learners.

The users of the curriculum are responsible for development


ADVANTAGES:

-Proven model of curriculum
-Linear development

DISADVANTAGES:

-Requires those responsible for development to possess passion and interest in student learning

Oliva's " Means-End" Model
Oliva Model's 12 Components

*Component I: Based on the aims of curriculum developers and their philosophical and psychological principles

*Component II: Looks at location of the school, students, and subjects that will be taught.

*Components III – V : Looks at curricular goals and objectives that are based off of Components I and II.

*Components VI - VII: Instructional goals and objectives are set for each subject matter.

*Component VIII: Instructional strategies are set up for the classroom.

*Components IX and X: Preliminary selection of strategies and the implementation of these strategies. Can make changes for the better of the students.

*Components XI: Precedes and implementation section of strategies.

*Components XII: Evaluation of the strategies not the student nor teacher.


How Can Oliva's Model Be Used?

Complete development of school’s curriculum.

Faculty can focus is put on the curriculum so that change can occur.

Faculty can focus on instructional components.



ADVANTAGES:

-Historical context of the model
-12 components
-Submodels (curriculum & instructional)
-Allows faculty to concentrate on instructional methods

DISADVANTAGES:

-Number of Components
-Can be overwhelming


Oliva's Model
Taba's Model
Which Model is Right for Me?
Curriculum models can propose solutions to parts of problems, solve specific problems, and reproduce patterns on a large scale.

The choice of curricular model can lead to increased efficiency and productivity in our schools.

The curricular models of Taba and Oliva are similar in many ways, but the main difference lies in the inductive approach of Taba and the deductive methods of Oliva.
Comparing Models of Curriculum Development
THANK YOU!
by Tristan Drusky & Jessica Waters
EDU 8210- Curriculum Development & Design
February 22, 2015
History of the Model

-Demonstrates that effective curriculum requires a defined order of creation, thereby leading to a linear model.

-Provides a faculty a means for the complete development of a school's curriculum. A community's needs often differs from the general public's needs.

-Deductive Approach: Starts generally and moves to specifics

-Prescriptive Implementation


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