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The Nile River Valley Civilization
Transcript of The Nile River Valley Civilization
Sierra Kos and Jilly Mercer
Social Hierarchy started with the Pharaoh and ended with the slaves
: The natural elements that surrounded the Egyptian Civilization serve as a protection from outside attacks.
: Annual flooding was beneficial to farming industry
Patterns of Settlement
The Nile River Valley Civilization appeared simultaneously with other civilizations
As explained before, natural barriers and the proximity of the Nile River was taken advantage of.
The Egyptian Civilizations thrived off on trading agriculture. Agriculture supported their population and by trading they received other necessities.
Vizier helped the Pharaoh with tax collection
Only nobles could hold government positions
Priests were responsible for pleasing gods and soldiers silenced domestic uprisings
Slaves consisted of POW's
Most liberated females compared to other civilizations
Had same basic rights as men for instance they could have their own business and have the right to divorce
Dynasties ruled Egypt for a long time and helped keep Egypt together
Egyptians valued all family life and they learned trades young
Had astounding skills in the fields of geometry, mathematics and astronomy
Lived in modest homes and enjoyed there leisure time
Devoted to homeland
Art and Architecture
Art was famous worldwide and known for precision and beauty
Had very detailed and symbolic methods in building Pyramids
The use of Hieroglyphs helped increase trade and growth of their stable settlements
Believed in a promising afterlife
Believed that the Pharaoh was the living incarnation of the sun god Re
Had an elaborate "theory of the soul"
Had in depth mummification processes
Buried objects with them in belief that they would go with them in the afterlife
Was a relatively peaceful society
Had enemies such as the Nubians and the Libyans
Dependent on trade
Trading brought interactions with other civilizations
Traded with Mediterranean and Middle East societies
Social Structure Visuals
Sun god Re
"Experience Ancient Egypt." Experience Ancient Egypt. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2014.
Independence Hall Association. "Women of Ancient Egypt." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2014.
Mark, Joshua J. "Ancient Egypt." Ancient History Encyclopedia. N.p., 2 Sept. 2009. Web. 02 Oct. 2014.
A, Omar. "Ancient Egypt & Ancient Egyptians - Culture and Life." Ancient Egypt & Ancient Egyptians - Culture and Life. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2014.
The Egyptian Civilization was not split up into smaller regions led by separate leaders, unlike other civilizations. This meant that the entire civilization was functioning under one ruler, and one set of rules. This kept the number of inner-arguments to a minimum.
In some of the other civilizations, cities are the control centers of the economy. Cities do not control our lives in Egypt and the power is not contained within city walls.
Forms of Government
Egyptian Civilization has an absolute monarch. Our ruler is our pharaoh.
There were no revolts. Under the unified absolute monarch, the pharaoh has been leading the people in peace for almost 3,000 years.
365 Day Calendar
Unlike other societies, specifically Mesopotamia, the Egyptian civilization was able to predict the flooding of the local Nile river and used the flooding to their advantage
In Egypt, they had specialization of labor. These occupations included engineers and architects. These people helped to advance trade, especially on the Nile. They also helped to design irrigation systems that would improve agriculture significantly.
Egyptian Irrigation Systems
We do NOT endorse slavery. In relation to other civilizations, we have very few. In the Nile River Valley civilization, everyone works to support themselves.
"Life Along the Nile." Ushistory.org.
Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 28 Sept. 2014
"New Kingdom." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2014
Strayer, Robert W., and Jay P. Harmon. "Chapter 2." Ways of the World : A Global History with Sources for AP. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2013. N. pag. Print