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Copy of Post WWII World
Transcript of Copy of Post WWII World
Eastern Europe – Communist and in Soviet Control
Western Europe – Mostly democratic Containment NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) a defensive military alliance of U.S., Canada, and 10 Western European nations WWII Ends – What Now? Begin The Cold War! Construction of The Berlin Wall How was Germany Divided Post WWII? What were the Post-WWII Policies of U.S. and USSR? United Nations (UN) is formed
New peacekeeping organization, both the U.S. and Soviet Union are members
15 Members - 5 are permanent have veto power
U.S., USSR, France, United Kingdom, China What were the Soviet Responses to Containment? "It is my duty, however, to place before you certain facts about the present position in Europe. From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe. Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest and Sofia; all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere, and all are subject, in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to a very high and in some cases increasing measure of control from Moscow. The safety of the world, ladies and gentlemen, requires a unity in Europe, from which no nation should be permanently outcast." Citations:
Winston Churchill, Iron Curtain Speech: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/churchill-iron.html Encourage democracy
Access raw materials for U.S. industries
Rebuild and reunite Germany Encourage communism
Rebuild USSR with E. European materials
Keep Germany divided to keep it weak What was the U.S. Policy of Containment? Germany divided into 4 occupation zones U.S., Soviet Union, France, Great Britain Berlin, the capital also divided into 4 zones Eventually this would cause: The Berlin Airlift Postwar Goals United States USSR Cold War – struggle over political differences without use of military action
spying, propaganda, diplomacy, secret operations, financial aid, alliances, space race, nuclear arms race U.S. policy to block Soviet influence and expansion of communism Included: Truman Doctrine – support to countries rejecting communism, Turkey and Greece get $400 million in aid Marshall Plan – financial aid to help countries rebuild following WWII – 12.5 Billion in aid
United States, United Kingdom, Canada, France, Denmark, Iceland, Italy, Norway, Portugal, Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg NATO - The Original 12 Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania Berlin Blockade – resulted in the Berlin Airlift
June 1948 – July 1949 Warsaw Pact – defensive military alliance of Soviet Union and Eastern European countries Berlin Wall – wall built by communists to separate East and West Berlin – 1961 8 Original Warsaw Pact Members The Berlin Wall Iron Curtain – the division between East and West Europe - It is imaginary Soviet Union wanted to shield itself from Western European invasions USSR occupied Eastern European countries and installed communist governments
Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Poland, and Yugoslavia Construction of the Berlin Wall Video http://archives.nbclearn.com/portal/site/k-12/browse?cuecard=931 Churchill Speech Video