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South Africa

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Meaghan Braspenninx

on 26 March 2014

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Transcript of South Africa

The effects of Latitude and Topography, and precipitation and climate
South Africa
Location/Topography
South Africa is located at the southern tip of Africa, neighboring Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and Lesotho.
South Africa is mostly mountainous with most of the land sitting at least 1000 meters above sea level.
Parts of South Africa do suffer from affluenza
South Africa's major languages include Zulu, Tsonga, Sotho, Ndebele, English, Afrikaans, Xhosa, Tswanna, Swati, and Venda.
Do South African citizens suffer from affluenza?
LDC or MDC?
South Africa is mostly a well developed country, and is the economic center of Africa. South Africa is the leading producer/distributor of natural resources. South Africa also generates the majority of Africa's electricity.
Native Costumes
Major forms of energy and fuel.
Electricity is the major form of power in South Africa, and is where South Africa generates most of its money. As for fuel, South Africa uses mostly petrol and diesel.
Scientific Principles of sustainability.
Solar energy is used to fuel photosynthesis which provides food for the people.
Biodiversity is important in South Africa because everything interacts with one another and depends on one another to order to survive.

Matter, Energy, and Systems
Electricity is the main power source and it's where most of South Africa’s money comes from.
South Africa is becoming more developed in the path of sustainability. The more developed parts of South Africa have started using energy "smart" technologies, green roofs, and advancements in "smart" cars.
Ecosystems
Grass absorbs light from the Sun. Antelope eats the grass, Cheetah eats the Antelope, then human kills the Cheetah for meat and skin.
South Africa has an abundance of biodiversity. There is also an abundance of solar energy in the less developed parts of South Africa.
Some producers are shrubs, grass and small trees. Herbivores are elephants and antelopes. Omnivores are the humans that live there. Carnivores are lions, leopards, and cheetahs.
From the burning of fossil fuels in the country to make electricity, and from cars excess amounts of co2 are added to the atmosphere. Increasing threats from overgrazing, land clearing, invasive plant species and unsustainable or illegal resource harvest.
Biodiversity and Evolution
Kogelberg Nature Reserve is one of the world’s most famous hotspots of biodiversity. It has over 1650 different species of plants, including the endangered rare Rose Marsh. Home to indigenous forms of rare trees such as the Yellowwood and Stinkbark.
In 2008 a skull was unearthed in a cave in South Africa that belongs to a previously unclassified species of hominid. This skull promises insights into early human origins about 1.95 million years ago.
Elionurus muticus is an indicator species of South Africa’s grassland, Elionurus muticus is a type of grass that when it matures the curls back into a sickle shape with tiny silvery colored hairs on it. Ground Hornbills are a keystone species with large bodies, far-carrying calls, large beaks, and striking black and white feathers. The Ground Hornbill is also one of the specialist species of South Africa because it is near extinction. Acaciam, Hakes, and Pinus trees are the principal of the invasive species.
Species Interactions and Population Control
Interspecific Competition: Almost all of South Africa's wildlife compete for water, for example a lion and an elephant at a watering hole.
Predator and Prey: An example of predator and prey in South Africa would be a cheetah and an antelope.
Parasite and Host: Chikungunya: parasite that travels by mosquito and humans are the host.
Mutualism: Rhino and Ox Pecker.
Commensalism: Seagulls and Humans. Seagulls benefit through food source. Humans aren't harmed.
Populations or Clumps
Watering Hole: Clumped populations.
Predator Prey: Antelope are clumped and cheetahs are random.
Parasite and Host: Chikungunya is uniform and humans are clumped.
Mutualism: Ox Peckers are clumped and rhinos are random.
Commensalism: Seagulls are clumped and humans are clumped.
R - Selected and K - Strategists
Two examples of R - Selected species are mosquitoes and flies.

Two examples of K - Strategist species are rhinos and elephants.
Succession
South Africa has a secondary succession with a climax of a tropical grassland.
Persistence or Resilience?
South Africa's stability is due to persistence because the vegetation is able to grow in abundance in almost all of the region.
Human Population and its impact






The population in South Africa is around 52 million people.
The rate of growth was 2.5% in 2012.
The doubling time in South Africa 28 years.
This is faster than the world's average.











Birth rate: 20.9
Death rate: 17.36
Immigration: 3.56
Emigration: -9.26
This data does agree with the growth rate because it shows an increasing population.

Population Age Structure Graph
Demographic Transition
Family planning is working to shift the demographic transition to the right in some parts of South Africa like Capetown, but in other parts there is no family planning. South Africa is very developed in some parts, but very underdeveloped in others. Some problems with population growth are that there isn't enough food for all of the population, space is limited, and there aren't many jobs so many people live in poverty.
In South Africa, some family planning techniques that are available are birth control and family planning classes. The problem is that these techniques aren't available to most of the population. They are available in most of the cities where the white people live.
Family Planning
Climate
In South Africa, the climate is subtropical and the weather is mostly warm all year round. It is usually sunny and dry throughout the year.
Global Air Circulation
The effect of global air circulation in South Africa is warm air circulating from the tropics.
South Africa is a tropical terrain located below the equator. This causes the temperature t be warm year around. The Southern part of South Africa is rather mountainous. In these areas the weather tends to be cooler in the Winter months. Precipitation is high in winter months and low in the rest. The temperature stays over 70 degrees year round.
Effects of Ocean Currents
The effects of ocean currents in South Africa cause the land to be warmer because of the temperature of the water that is crashing against the shore.
Climate in the Biomes
The climate in South Africa shows that there are warmer temperatures with high precept in the months of May, June, July, and August.

South Africa's climate varies in different areas.The western parts of the country are drier than the east. Temperatures in mountains are more extreme than on the coast.
Some of the human impacts of these biomes
Some of the human impacts of the biome would be industrialization, farming, polluting, and the distruction of the land.
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