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The Temperate Forest

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Katie Hatchell

on 12 September 2013

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Transcript of The Temperate Forest

The Temperate Deciduous Forest
Abiotic Factors in the Temperate Forest:
The Temperate Forest receives annual precipitation of 75 to 150 centimeters per year.
Abiotic Factors in the Temperate Forest
The Temperate Forest is also one of the few biomes that experience all four seasons: Frigid Winters; Mild, Rainy Springs; Hot, Dry Summers; and Mild, Breezy Falls.
The Temperate Forest is located at approximately 23.5 degrees to 60 degrees latitude in both the Northern and Southern hemispheres.
Where is the Temperate Deciduous Forest?
The largest areas of Temperate Deciduous Forest are located in Western and Central Europe...
...parts of Russia...
...Northeastern Asia...
...Eastern parts of the U.S....
...Australia, and New Zealand.
Just Right!
Unlike many other biomes, these temperatures and precipitation amounts are perfect for supporting a wide range of plants and animals.
The Temperate Forest generally has temperatures ranging anywhere from -30 to 30 degrees Celsius, with a yearly average of 10 degrees Celsius.
What's the climate like in the Temperate Forest?
Climatic Trends
The four season nature of the Temperate Forest biome inspires different periods of growth and decline throughout the year.
As spring brings in warmer temperatures and more precipitation, new life flourishes. Animals begin to reproduce and plant-life begins anew thanks to a greater availability of food and water to all.
However, fall and winter bring in cooler temperatures and less precipitation which causes this earlier growth to come to a halt due to the decreased resources.
Adaptations of Temperate Forest Inhabitants
Organisms such as bears and other mammals have adapted the ability to hibernate through parts of the winter in order to survive the periods of less resources.
The deciduous trees of the temperate forest have also adapted ways to combat the colder months in that they shed their leaves in the fall in order to prevent the transpiration of water containing nutrients out of their leaves throughout the months in which water and nutrients are less available.
Organisms of the Temperate Forest
Autotrophs of the temperate forest include Oak Trees, Mountain Laurels, Ferns, Mosses, and Wildflowers.
Heterotrophs of the Temperate Forest include: Bobcats, Frogs, Snakes, Woodpeckers, and Bears
Decomposers/Scavengers of the temperate forest include: mushrooms, worms, vultures, foxes, and raccoons.
Endangered Species
Many species of the temperate forest are classified as endangered due to habitat destruction, such as the long eared owl, blue-spotted salamander, and wood turtle.
Preservation/ Degradation
Temperate forest have been victim to logging and deforestation for millenia as mankind has required more and more of these precious trees for our growing population. Thus, the forests present today are a mere fraction of those existing in earlier times.
However, recently movements have begun in countries such as British Columbia and Chile that push towards "Eco-Forestry," or the practice of balncing our nees with the helth of the forest
Environmental Status
At the present, the main threat to temperate forests is deforestation.
As the human population continues to grow, we expand and must remove these forests to make space for housing and to collect lumber for raw materials.
If this issue is not addressed, we may soon lose one of the most valuable biomes on Earth.
Conservation Groups
Thankfully, many groups are in place to attempt to save our forests and all of the creatures within.
These groups include: The Wildlife Conservation Society, and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
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