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The Merchant of Venice mind map
Transcript of The Merchant of Venice mind map
Five main events"
1) Salerio has heard bad news about one of Antonio's ships but, also realized that shylock's soon to be taking out revenge for Jessica's elopement on Antonio. When Salerio see's Shylock and has a discussion with him, he brings it up. Shylock's answered Salerio, " He hath discgraced me, and hindered me half a million, laughed at my losses... cooled my friends, heated mine enemies; and what's his reason? I am a jew." When Shylock was talking about Antonio, he seemed very angry because of the trust he had given Antonio with these ships. A part of the scene where it showed Shylock wanted revenge was; "If we are like you in the rest, we will resemble you in that. If a Jew wrong a Christian, what is his humility? Revenge! If a Christian wrong a Jew, what should his sufferance be by Christian example? Why, revenge!" This had given Salerio
Act 4 & 5
Antonio's goodness was finally rewarded; When the three pairs of lovers are reunited and happiness abounds at Belmont, Portia delivers a letter to Antonio in which he learns that the remainder of his ships has returned home safely to port.
1) The Prince of Morocco has arrived at Belmont and has the courage to choose the right casket. Portia explained tot he Prince that if he chooses the wrong casket he will have to swear to never marry. The Prince replied to her and said; " To make me blest or cursed'st among men! " (Act2sc1 46)
What I learned:
In the Merchant of Venice a Jewish merchant tries to kill a rival who is christian. The morale of the play is that anti-semitism was a big issue of Renaissance Europe. Shakespeare shows the tolerance towards towards race and religion and even somewhat homosexuality. Shakespeare showed us in his plays that he understood these conflicts would be an issue over time and he was right. People have always been separated into categories. Some separate themselves by living only with their kind. Some are put into categories my law. Some don't even know who they are yet. This play has taught me that you are who you are and no one should take that right from you. In a way, it seems like Shakespeare was on Shylocks side because of the things he had gone through. In the end, Shylock was just protecting himself for who he is and just wanted to prove that him being a Jew was the main reason for all the issues he faced, and he wanted to put a stop to it.
Five main events:
1) Antonio (a merchant) is walking down a street in Venice with his friends Solanio and Salarino. Antonio has seemed upset so his friends have asked him why but Antonio himself did not even know. His friends are questioned it being the big finances at sea, Antonio says that is not the issue. Lorenzo, Gratiano and Bassanio enter the scene. When Gratiano notices Antonio’s unhappiness and suggests that the merchant worries too much about business, Antonio responds that "he is but a player on a stage, destined to play a sad part." Bassanio and Antonio go off and talk where Bassanio explains to Antonio he owes the most love and money; therefore he is obligated to reveal a scheme he's envisioned to get himself out of debt
2) Bassanio explains the women he loves, Portia, is a rich heiress in Belmont. He hopes to win her with the wealth he can pretend to have. In order to get Portia Bassanio is asking Antonio the favor of borrowing money. Antonio said he could not lend money because his money is all tied up with his business ventures.
3) In Belmont: Portia is telling Nerissa how she cannot decide if she should get a husband. Instead, Portia’s plan is for the man to choose between three chests, one of gold, one of silver, and one of lead, in the hopes of selecting the one that contains her portrait. The man who guesses correctly will win Portia’s hand in marriage. If you do not guess correctly you must swear never to marry anyone.
4) Nerissa lists the suitors who have come in mind. It was a Neapolitan prince, a Palatine count, a French nobleman, an English baron, a Scottish lord, and the nephew of the duke of Saxony. Portia makes jokes about them giving no interest at all. " He hath a neighbourly charity in him." (Act1sc2 75) <- a statement she had made about the Scottish lord.
5)Nerissa reminds Portia of Bassanio, who once came to visit and worst the try to see. A servant then comes in and tells Portia that the prince of Morocco will arrive soon which Portia was not pleased for.
Pun: It is no mean happiness, therefore, to be seated in the mean..(act1sc27-8)
Antonio- A wealthy merchant servenat.He has a lot of friends and a business of ventures in the sea. He is questioned by those around him yet does not understand himself why he seems sad. but Antonio is an honorable man. When he realizes that Shylock is within his lawful rights, Antonio is ready to fulfill the bargain he entered into to help Bassanio because he is his " best friend"
Bassanio- is really bad with money, starts off the play in being on debt. The idea of Portia and her money has lead to Bassanio wanting to win her heart. I'm not saying he doesn't care about her, but the money was a big reason on why Bassanio wanted her. A quote from the play that I thought described Bassanio in these act was, " And from your love I have warranty to uburden all my plots and purposes how to get clear of all the debts I owe" (Act1sc1 132-135)
Shylock- does not want to lend money to Antonio because of all the nasty things he has said to him. Shylock is Jewish so he got a lot of constructive criticism from those around him. He has a lot of anger already built up from the first act. However; he has agreed to lend money to Antonio but if he does not pay him back Shylock wants to take a pound of flesh.
2) Portia and Bassanio have fell for each other but Bassanio still had to do the task she had asked for. Bassanio had to choose the casket that would lead to her heart. She was trying to convince Bassanio to wait a little bit longer however' Bassanio told Portia, " Promise me life, and I'll confess the truth."(Act3 sc2 34) I feel when Bassanio said that to Portia it had made her realize the unconditional love he had for her. Bassanio had opened the leaden casket which had " Portias counterfeit!" (Act3,sc2 115) Gratiano and Nerissa congratulate them on their love but have also confessed the love they have for each other. (Act3sc2 186-212)
3) Lorenzo, Jessica and Salerio have entered where they begin to talk to Bassanio. They have given Bassanio the letter Antonio had wanted him to have which stated that all his ventured had failed. Jessica, Shylocks daughter, thought this was all plans, she said; "When I was with him, I have heard him swear to Tubal and to Chus...that he would rather ahve Antonio's flesh than twenty times the value of the sum." (Act3sc2 282-286) Bassanio had explained to Portia that he had asked Antonio for help with ducats which then Portia steps in and gives Bassanio gold. They have departed.
4)Antonio had been arrested and taken to prison. Antonio will not be prisoned until he is called for court so he had walkedin the streets of Venice to talk to Shylock. Shylock asked Gaoler to look at Antonio and says " tell not me of mercy; this is the fool that lent out money gratis."(Act3sc3 1-2)
5)Portia tells Lorenzo to look after her estate because she is going with Nerissa to a nunnery to pray for their husbands safe return. Lorenzo had agreed but that is not where Portia and Nerissa had gone, they had gone to follow their husbands, Bassanio and Gratiano, to Venice disguised as men. Portia explains to Nerissa the plan; " And speak between the change of man and boy with a reed voice, and turn two mincing steps into a manly stride, and speak of frays like a fine bragging youth and tell quaint lies" (Act3sc4 66-70)
Shylock- In this act Shylock is characterized as the " worst of men" because he does not care at all for what any one around him has to say, especially Antonio because of the nasty things he has said to him. He has taken Antonio as the main idea of all his persecutors so in the end he can use Antonio as a excuse to take his revenge out on everyone. with his pound of flesh. This act itself is mostly based on Shylock because of all the things that has been said to him over time from those surrounding him. In act 1 & 2 it shows the anger Shylock is building up. However, in this act Shylock is shown as the "evil enemy" and all of the plans he has been having is soon to be revealed. .
"Pray God Bassanio come/ To see me pay his debt, and then I care not." (Act3sc3 35-36) -Hyperbole
Bassanio- In this act Bassanio has shown his love and compassion with Portia. He has finally decided to choose a casket because he is so anxious to have Portia as his wife. After a bit of celebration, of Bassanio choosing the right casket, the scene completely changes to be focused on Antonio. He was in trouble and needed Bassanio. This act showed Bassanio's caring heart for those who surround him. He said before reading that letter, " The dearest friend to me, the kindest man, the best condition'd and un wearied spirit." (act3 sc2 290-291) and then after once Bassanio got permission from Portia he had said, " Since I have your good leave to go away, I will make haste.." (Act 3sc2 321-322). These quotes had proven to me that Bassanio is not just a phony and did not just talk about being in debt just to get money and screw Antonio over. He actually cared for Antonio and wanted to help him because Antonio had helped him with his problems.
Antonio- Plot turns on Antonio's predicaments. He did not blame anyone in the choices he made but only asked for help from Bassanio. In the end it seemed as if the love Antonio had for Bassanio was not in a friend kind of way because he wanted Bassanio to come to the court and see him. Antonio also showed his intelligence with the law where he said, " The duke cannot deny the course of law:...Since that the trade and profit of the city consisteth of all nations. (Act3sc3 26-30)
" "An army of good words" (act3sc5 61) - metaphor
" If you prick us, do we not bleed? If you tickle us, do we not laugh? If you poison us, do we not die? " (Act 3sc1 59-60)- Rhetorical question
" 'Tween snow and fire, as treason and my love." (Act3sc2 31) - Simile
1) In the courtroom, Shylock explains to the court that Antonio has failed to return the money he borrowed on time. Bassanio had offered to pay more than what Antonio had borrowed but Shylock declined the offer. Shylock demanded to take a pound of Antonio's flesh where the Duke of Venice says for Shylock to show mercy. Portia has finally arrived disguised as Balthazar, young doctor of law. Portia agreed that Shylock can take the pound of flesh but clarifies the wording of the bond and says, " It is enacted in the laws of Venice...the danger formerly by me rehears'd. Down therefore and beg mercy of the duke." (Act4sc1 344-360). She said another law that says half of Shylocks must now go to Antonio. Shylock said he rather take his life away but Antonio said not to because he will keep it as an inheritance for Lorenzo and Jessica however; shylock must convert to a Christian. Shylock said " I am content (Act4sc1 391)
2) Bassanio offers to give Balthazar ( Portia) a gift because she saved Antonio. Portia wanted Bassanio's wedding ring, at first he did not want too but Antonio encouraged him to give the ring. Nerissa, who was Balthazar's "clerk" also tricked Gratiano into giving his ring to her.
3) Lorenzo and Jessica are in Belmont, the garden infront of Portia's house where they watch the "moon shines bright: in such a night as this." (act5sc1 1) Lorenzo and Jessica just spend the night comparing their night to stories, like Pyramus and Thisbe.
4) Portia and Nerissa have returned back home and when their husbands returned Nerissa had asked Gratiano where his ring was, he said he had given it as a thanks for saving Antonio. As they argued about it Portia had done the same thing and Bassanio could not show his ring. They both said to their husbands that they would rather sleep with the doctor and his clerk then them.
Portia finally confessed to Bassanio that she and Nerissa were the doctor and the clerk. She then told Antonio the good news, a letter that indicates three of his ships arrived in port safely. Nerissa then hands Lorenzo the deed from Shylock in which he inherits everything after Shylock dies. The play ends with Graziano promising to forever keep Nerissa's ring safe.
Portia: Even though in Act 4 she was very kind in helping Antonio with his life. In act 5, both Portia and Nerissa played a game with their husbands, fighting as if their deed was not good. Even though they had the rings, I thought that was a bit over the top.
Lorenzo: I think Lorenzo is a bit of a romantic. He really loves Jessica and is proud to share the night away with her. It was really cute where they compared their love with other stories.
When the sweet wind did gently kiss the trees" (Act5sc1 2)- Metaphor
"Who comes so fast in silence of the night" (Act5sc1 25)- Astrophe
Nothing is good, I see, without respect." (Act5sc1 99)- Connotation
Nay, but hear me: ...I never more will break an oath with thee." (Act5sc1 245-248)- Diction
The moon shines bright."(Act5sc1 1)- Imagry
2) Bassanio is getting ready to win Portia over. He is leaving for his departure to Belmont but then Launcelot, who was Shylocks helper, has asked to help Bassanio while he gone to Belmont. Bassanio soon caves in and allowed him too, just shortly after Gratiano comes to Bassanio and says, "You must not deny me: I must go with you to Belmont." (Act2sc2 172). Lorenzo and Gratiano planned the entertainment for Bassanio's farewell dinner. Lorenzo tells Gratiano during this preparation of his escape with Jessica, Shylocks daughter, after the masquerade. Shylock found out from Launcealot and did not allow Jessica to go out. Jessica had disguised herself as a boy and stole money and jewels from her father. She said as she escaped, " I will make fast the doors, and flid myself with some more ducats, and be with you straight" (act2sc6 40-50)
" But love is blind and lovers cannot see" (Act2 sc6 36) - simile
3) Bassanio has left for Belmont. However, in Belmonth the princei s ready to choose one of the three caskets. He decided to allow her father devise " the game of chance." The meanings of each casket is being read aloud while the Prince himself is trying to figure out their meanings and which one is the one.
4) In Venice, Shylock thinks Bassanio has helped Lorenzo and Jessica on escaping to Bemont. Antonio swore that they did not depart with Bassanio. Salerio and Solanio are dicussing it as they walk in a street of Venice. They were also discussing Antonio might suffer with Shylock. During their discussion Solanio said "You were best to tell Antonio what you hearl Yet do not suddenly, for it may grieve him." (act2sc8 33-34)
5) Back in Belmont another Prince has come, this time from Aragon. He chooses the casket with the Silver ( which was the wrong one) and Portia goes on and on about them being fools, " They have the wisdom by their wit to lose." (Act2sc9 80)
Portia- does not have the best attitude through out these scenes. She does not like any of them from the beginning. In some way, in act 1 she had already given a lot of thought for Bassanio but critisized the rest. Its as if her mind is already made up and these Prince's are wasting her time.
Shylock- seems very mad at the fact his daughter betrayed him by escaping Venice with Lorenzo, a christian. He has blamed others for the mistake of her leaving however; I feel as if he pushed her away himself. She even said in the end; "Farewell; and if my fortune be not cross'd, I have a father, you a daughter, lost. (act2sc5 56-57)
Lorenzo- is very passionate. He showed in this act that he would do anything for Jessica. He did not care for any of the trouble he would have to go through to bring her with him to Belmont. Lorenzo is a romantic.
The three caskets that Portia has is symbolic - (act2)
"two-headed Janus," (act1sc1 50) - Allusion
"so is the will of a living daughter curbed by the will of a dead father." (Act1sc2 .24-25). -Pun
And when I ope my lips, let no dark bark"!"(ac1sc1 94) - Metaphor
"Is like a villain with a smiling cheek" (act1sc3 96) - Allegory