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Copy of Sentence Structure

An explanation of sentence structure for beginning writers

Shellie McEuen

on 24 January 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Sentence Structure

for beginning writers Sentence Structure photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli There are many different
types of sentence structure. Knowing the different types can help improve your writing. (you guessed it) The most simple sentence structure is the simple sentence. What is a simple sentence? A simple sentence has a
subject, verb, and a complete
thought. The dog ate a bone. Example of a simple
sentence: is another form of sentence structure. A complex sentence consists of an independent clause
(simple sentence) and at least one
dependent clause. A complex sentence It is independent because it has a complete thought and can therefore stand alone as its own sentence. A simple sentence could also be called an independent clause. It can also be a part of the other sentence structures, which takes us to the complex sentence. a dependent clause has a subject and a verb.

It does not have a complete a thought, however. Like an independent clause, after, although, as, because, before, even though,
if, since, though, unless, until, when, whenever,
whereas, wherever, while Below are some words that often signal a dependent clause: Because the store was closed, she
decided to stay home. Example of a complex
sentence: Because the store was closed The dependent clause in the example would be This does not complete a thought, but it can be a part of a complex sentence. These are called subordinating conjunctions. is another form of sentence structure. A compound sentence consists of two independent clauses
(simple sentences) connected by a
coordinating conjunction. A compound sentence For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So What are the coordinating conjunctions? To remember them, just think FANBOYS. The dog ate a bone, and the cat
chased a mouse. Example of a compound
sentence: (you guessed it) Combining the two previous sentence structures makes a compound-complex sentence has the structure of a compound sentence--two independent clauses connected by a coordinating conjunction--plus at least one dependent clause. A compound-complex
sentence Because the girl stroked the cat, the cat purred, and the girl gave the cat a hug. Example of a compound-
complex sentence: Glad you asked! How will knowing about
the different forms of
sentence structure help
your writing? The most obvious way is
that it will make your
writing more accurate. By knowing what is required to write a simple sentence, for instance, you will avoid some common writing errors, such as a sentence fragment. the meaning of your writing will be clear to readers. By avoiding these errors, Knowing more about
sentence structure can
make your writing more
interesting. can give your writing that elusive "flow." Varying sentence structure The girl walked to work. The buses were not running. She was late to work. Luckily her boss was
understanding. For example, this bit of
writing is choppy: The girl walked to work because the buses were not running. Although she was late to work, luckily her boss was understanding. Here's what happens when you vary the sentence structure: While at first you may have to think
about sentence structure, it will eventually
become second nature. See the difference? Keep studying the different forms of sentence
structure, and revise your writing with these
principles in mind. Don't expect perfection at first. You can do it!
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