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Chapter 11- The Jacksonian Era
Transcript of Chapter 11- The Jacksonian Era
EQ: How did political belief and events shape Andrew Jackson's presidency?
Democrats thought the government was becoming a bureaucracy, a system in which non elected officials carry out laws.
President Jackson fired many federal workers and replaced them with supporters- "To the victors belong the spoils".
This practice became known as the spoils system.
Jackson's supporters abandoned the unpopular caucus system and replaced them with nominating conventions.
Rather than Congress choosing candidates, the delegates of the state chose the party's presidential candidate= more participation in selection of candidates
The Tariff Debate
Philosophy of John C. Calhoun of South Carolina (Jackson's VP)- A state had the right to nullify a federal law if it was against the states' interest. After all, the states created the federal government, so they should had the final authority.
Philosophy of Daniel Webster's- Nullification would certainly destroy the Union.
President Jackson- "Our federal union... must be preserved".
Calhoun responded, "The Union- next to our liberty, most dear."
Andrew Jackson made the American political system more democratic
Until the 1820's, politics was left to wealthy, property owning men. Small farmers, craftspeople, and others felt left out of the expanding American economy loved President Jackson-- They saw his story from a small cabin to the White House as a true American Story.
Favored by the common Americans
President Jackson promised "equal protection and equal benefits" to all man
Women couldn't vote
African Americans couldn't vote
Native Americans couldn't vote
1832 Congress lowered the tariff
South Carolina passed the Nullification Act declaring it would not pay the "illegal" tariffs of 1828 and 1832.
South Carolina threatened to secede if the government interfered
Jackson backed the bill to lower the tariff and passed the Force Bill, allowing him to use the military to enforce acts of Congress.
South Carolina accepted the new tariff but nullified the Force Bill.