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Education in Ancient Greece

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by

Rachel Bishop

on 4 August 2014

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Transcript of Education in Ancient Greece

Education in Ancient Greece
Not everyone went to school in Ancient Greece. Students had to pay for school and not everyone could afford it
Boys of wealthy families went to school. They started school by the age of 7 to about age 14. A boy from a rich family could study until they were 18.
At 18 years of age, all boys had to join the military for 2 years. After that, the wealthy boys could continue their education.
If you weren't rich you worked with your father and learned a trade or helped in the fields. The law said every boy had to learn a trade.
Girls did not go to school. They stayed at home and learned how to do chores from their mother. They were taught how to weave, spin wool, cook, sew, and how to run a home. Girls from wealthy families had private tutors who taught them how to read and write.
Students walked to school. Usually an older slave, called a Paidagogos, walked the student to school. School started early in the morning and lasted until the afternoon. Students went home for lunch.
Boys learned their alphabet backward and forward. They learned how to write their name. After that, the boys had copying excerises. They copied short sentences and long sentences. Greek students memorized parts of the Illiad and Odyssey. Classes were taught in small groups of about 7-8 students.
The students learned reading, writing and arithmetic. They learned music and how to play instruments. The boys memorized poetry and learned to debate. Math was done on an abacus, rows of beads on a frame.The students had different teachers for different subjects.
Abacus
Small class sizes
Education in Ancient Greece
The greeks believed a healthy body was as important as a healthy mind and gym class was held a couple of hours a day. Gym class was held in a Palaestra, an outdoor arena. The word "gym" comes from the word "Gymnos" which means naked. The boys took all of their clothes off and ran around. One boy played music while the other boys played their sports.Some of the sports they played were, gymnastics, wrestling and throwing the javelin or disc.
Education was very important to the Greeks.What they studied depended on where they lived. There were no rules about how long students had to stay at school or what they studied but as you have learned, it was an education with a lot of different subjects.
In some schools, students wrote on Papyrus scrolls using pens made from reeds. The Papyrus scrolls came from Egypt and were very expensive. Ink was made from soot mixed with vegetable gum.
Students wrote on wax tablets which they could reuse. They wrote with a long stylus. It had a flat end which was used to smooth out the mistakes. In some schools, students wrote on papyrus scrolls using pens made from reeds. Ink was made from soot mixed with vegetable gum.
Greetings from Ancient Greece. I am a Grammatiste, that's greek for teacher. Today I am going to teach you about Education in Ancient Greece.
A Palaestra
Abacus
Bibliography
If I Were A Kid in Ancient Greece
Cricket Books
Peterborough, N.H
2006
pages 12 and 13
What do We Know About The Greeks?
Anne Pearson
Peter Bedrick Books New York, N.Y. 1992
pages20-21
Full transcript