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Robert Gagne Presentation

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Jennifer Dorrough

on 20 October 2012

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Transcript of Robert Gagne Presentation

photo (cc) Malte Sörensen @ flickr Educational Background Undergraduate:
Studied psychology at Yale
Persevered through distress in early introductory courses
Brown University
Intrigued by Hull's theory in hypothetical S-R (stimulus-response) connections
At Brown, indicated that his "knowledge of learning theory and research was broadened" by other theorists (Pavlov, Guthrie, Skinner) & courses in which he was enrolled Gagne's Biographical
History Robert M. Gagne:
Life Span (August 21st, 1916 - April 28th, 2002)
Born in North Andover, Massachusetts
In high school, decided to study psychology (books sparked interest)
Involvement in psychology almost crushed as an undergraduate
More advanced undergrad courses encouraged interest
Published author (1965: The Conditions of Learning) Robert Gagne Jennifer Dorrough
Dr. Oatts Evolution of Gagne's
Nine Events of Instruction Theorist Presentation
Jennifer Dorrough Robert Gagne Teaching career and early
contributions to psychology Professional Background Faculties:
1940 - 1949: Connecticut College for Women
1945 - 1946: Pennsylvania (Penn) State University
1949 - 1958: US Air Force
1958 - 1961: Department of Defense
Served on the Florida State University faculty until his death in 2002 Air Force & Psychology:
- research into military programs enabled Gagne to see that the 'grand learning theories' of his predecessors were inadequate
- began his own research into how learning occurs/how to design instruction Nine Events of Instruction Gagne's Contributions to Psychology Gagne saw 3 principles to successful instruction
(1) provide instruction to build toward the final task
(2) ensure that each component of the task is mastered
(3) sequence components to ensure optimal transfer to the final task 1. Gain learners attention --> pique interest
2. Inform learners of the objectives --> discuss what will taught
3. Stimulate recall of prior learning --> questions
4. Present stimulus --> teach lesson
5. Provide learning guidance -->student practice w/teacher facilitation
6. Elicit performance --> complete task
7. Provide feedback --> inform students on performance (i.e., how they did)
8. Assess performance --> evaluate learner knowledge of lesson
9. Enhance retention & transfer --> activity to aide in remembering lesson Nine Events of Instruction 8 Conditions of Learning
1. Signal learner
2. Stimulus Response learning
3. Chaining
4. Verbal Association
5. Discrimination learning
6. Concept learning
7. Rule learning
8. Problem solving Additions to Gagne's 9 Events
of Instruction 5 Types of Learning
1. Verbal Information 4. Motor Skills
2. Intellectual Skills 5. Attitude
3. Cognitive Strategies The Gagne Assumption:
For each type of learning, there exists different instructional conditions required Anonymous (2010). Gagne's theory of instruction. Retrieved from www.youtube.com/watch?v=JLfYeXoSW0

Baer, T. (2011). Robert Gagne: The "conditions" that changed the face of education. Retrieved from www.youtube.com/watch?v=rdLOomYJ4&feature=related

Dick, W. (2003). The legacy of Robert M Gagne. Educational Technology, Research and Development, 51(2), 77-78. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/218017816?accountid=34899

Gagné, Robert Mills. (2012). In Marquis Who Was Who in America 1985-present. Retrieved from http://libproxy.edmc.edu/login?qurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.credoreference.com/entry/marquiswww/gagn%C3%A9_robert_mills

Salisbury, M. (2008). From instructional systems design to managing the life cycle of knowledge in organizations. Performance Improvement Quarterly, 20(3), 131-145. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/218560869?accountid=34899

Stevens, R., Wineburg, S., Leslie, R. H., & Bell, P. (2005). Comparative understanding of school subjects: Past, present, and future. Review of Educational Research, 75(2), 125-157. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/214116275?accountid=34899

Wurster, S.L. (1998). Robert M. gagne's impact on instructional design theory and practice of the future. TechTrends, 43(2), 13-13. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/223131139?accountid=34899

Zimmerman, B.J., Schunk, D.H. (2003). Educational Psychology: A Century of Contributions. References
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