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Foot Drop

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by

Nadiya Quraishi

on 16 January 2013

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Transcript of Foot Drop

Foot Drop Foot drop is the inability to turn the toes and ankle upward, causing the foot to ‘drop’ with a steppage gait. Basically, the front of the foot will drag with foot drop, and it will be difficult for those with the condition to walk on their heels. There are hundreds of thousands of cases of Foot Drop in the US and around the world because it is a more common abnormality to get. Population Affected by Foot Drop Foot Drop can strike
at any age to anyone Causes of Foot Drop Foot drop is caused by damage to the peroneal nerve, making the leg unable to dorsiflex, or bring the toes toward the shin. It is not a disease, but is usually caused by a neurological issue, though sometimes it can be caused by a muscular or anatomical issue. It may be temporary or permanent. Diseases That Can Cause Foot Drop Are... Stroke
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
muscular dystrophy
Charcot Marie Tooth disease
multiple sclerosis
freidriech's ataxia Symptoms of Foot Drop Foot drop makes it difficult to lift the front part of your foot, so it might drag on the floor when you walk. This odd gait might cause you to slap your foot down onto the floor with each step you take. In some cases, the skin on the top of your foot and toes may feel numb. Foot drop typically affects only one foot. Depending on the underlying cause, however, it's possible for both feet to be affected. Regardless of the foot drop cause for the specific patient, the fact remains that a dropped foot can produce many difficulties, including the inability to:
•Raise the foot at the ankle
•Point the toes upward at the body (this movement is known as dorsiflexion)
•Walk normally in the heel-to-toe fashion. Drop Foot Complications A typical dropped foot diagnostic process includes:
A patient history, involving an understanding of the specific foot drop symptoms, past illnesses, and use of any medications
A physical exam, including an examination of the visual appearance and altered behavior of the affected foot and leg
Possible additional diagnostic tests, such as:
◦Imaging studies to examine the surrounding areas of damaged nerves (e.g. with an MRI scan)
◦Electrodiagnostic studies (EMG/NCS) to distinguish between the different types of nerve damage
◦A blood analysis for a possible metabolic cause like diabetes, alcoholism, or toxins
◦Fasting blood sugar, hemoglobin, and nitrogen and creatinine tests. Braces or splints. A brace on your ankle and foot or splint that fits into your shoe can help hold your foot in a normal position.
Physical therapy. Exercises that strengthen your leg muscles and help you maintain the range of motion in your knee and ankle may improve gait problems associated with foot drop. Stretching exercises are particularly important to prevent the development of stiffness in the heel.
Nerve stimulation. Sometimes stimulating the nerve that lifts the foot improves foot drop.
Surgery. In cases where foot drop is relatively new, nerve surgery may be helpful. If foot drop is long-standing, your doctor may suggest surgery that fuses ankle or foot bones or a procedure that transfers a functioning tendon to a different position. Some Treatments for Foot Drop Prognosis As I said earlier Foot Drop can be temporary or permanent There is no cure for Foot Drop except braces, physical therapy, nerve stimulation and or surgery Foot Drop is an abnormality where a person can still live a pretty normal life

The only causes of death are from deadly diseases associated with Foot Drop like Muscular Dystrophy Since it is a common abnormality and as not as bad as other diseases there are not really any current research or organizations for support QUESTIONS!!! Foot Drop is caused by damage to what nerve? Peroneal Nerve What are some diseases that can cause foot drop? Stroke
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
muscular dystrophy
Charcot Marie Tooth disease
multiple sclerosis
freidriech's ataxia Is it possible for both feet to be affected by foot drop?Yes or No? Yes Resources http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=achIjayAVF0 Interesting Medical Break Through to Help Foot Drop Patients Works Cited

"Foot Drop: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 9 Jan. 2013.

"NINDS Foot Drop Information Page." Foot Drop Information Page: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Jan. 2013.

"What Is Foot Drop?" Spine-health. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Jan. 2013.
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