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The 1798 Rebellion

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on 25 April 2015

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Transcript of The 1798 Rebellion


Penal laws denied Catholics the right to education, property and religious services
after 1700
Catholics rich and poor had to pay taxes
(tithes) to Church of Ireland
Presbyterians were also unhappy at this
Neither group had representation in Irish Parliament in Dublin
The United Irishmen
Formed in Dublin and Belfast in 1791
Theobald Wolfe Tone wanted to:
End religious disagreement among Irish
people
Win freedom from Britain
Theobold Wolfe Tone
Born 1763 – died 1798
Dublin Protestant
Barrister
Angry at how Catholics were discriminated against
Secretary of Catholic Committee – right for representation in parliament
Convinced of need for forceful action to gain freedom from Britain
United Irishmen
Society of United Irishmen 1791 dedicated to:

Irish Unity and Freedom from Britain

Samuel Neilson and Henry Joy McCracken
Convinced that only rebellion would achieve their aims
Help from France
United Irishmen seek help from France
1796:
French fleet under General Hoche
43 ships and 14,000 men
Further Help from the French
After the Wexford and Ulster uprisings in 1798, Wolfe Tone succeeded in
persuading the French to send more help

October 1798:
General Bompard set sail for Lough Swilly with 3,000 men
Expected by the British and intercepted

Tone brought to Dublin and convicted of treason and sentenced to death
1798 Rebellion
Fr. John Murphy organised a rebel force at Oulart Hill in Co. Wexford

Camped at Vinegar Hill
Won battles for Enniscorthy and Wexford Later seized New Ross but lost it again

June 21st 1798: General Lake cornered and defeated the 15,000 rebels at Vinegar Hill - the end of Wexford rebellion
The 1798 Rebellion
Background
Half the ships arrived at Bantry, Co. Cork
Poor weather and bad luck meant the fleet never landed and they returned to France
British troops and militias of loyal Irish arrested and tortured people
Battle of Vinegar Hill
Rebellion in Ulster 1798
Antrim and Down led by Presbyterians which were soon crushed
General Humbert landed in Killala, Co. Mayo
with 1,000 men and had successes
But reinforcement never arrived

Surrendered to British General Cornwallis within two weeks
More French Help
Results of the
1798 Rebellion
Estimated 30,000 died
Irish Parliament abolished through the Act of Union (1801)
Robert Emmet planned another rebellion in 1803 but it was crushed quickly
Fight for freedom inspired others such as Charles Stewart Parnell
Full transcript