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HAMLET

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sofia navarro

on 25 March 2014

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Transcript of HAMLET

HAMLET
Hamlet

Horatio
He is a
round character
because, as he observes Hamlet, he begins to further understand people's action and intentions.
Descriptions:
-Solider of the castle
-Loyal
-Caring
-Wise
-Macbeth’s true best friend throughout the play
Polonius
Character Description
• Dishonest
• Cares for appearances
• Judgmental
• Controlling
• Manipulative
• Selfish
• Snoopy

Rosencrantz and Guildenstern
Laertes
Fortinbras
Description:
-Prince of Norway
quote:
Act 5: He is very respectful towards the slaughter of the royal family. For example, Fortinbras enters the scenery of deaths and mentions “For he (Hamlet) was likely, had he been put on,/To have proved most royally” (ln 399-400). Fortinbras guess further to give Hamlet a soliders funeral service.

Animated characters
OVERVIEW
Act III
Quote: (Act III, Scene II) “What, frighted with false fire?”
Analysis: Hamlet is now displaying an intense emotion of accusation. Hamlet gets carried away during the play with the recalling of the murder of his father through the play to see Claudius’ reaction. When he sees the intense look of guilt he realizes the ghost was telling the truth and that now he can take action. This question that he asks the king shows Hamlet’s accusation because he is asking why the king would be afraid of something that has not “happened."
Quote: (Act III, Scene II) “Make you a wholesome answer; my wit’s diseased. But, sir, such answer as I can make, you shall command, or rather, as you say, my mother. Therefore no more, but to the matter. My mother, you say—“
Analysis: Hamlet tells Guildenstern and Rosencratz to do as they please. Hamlet is indifferent to what they do because he knows that they will follow the orders of his mother. Rosencratz also tells Hamlet how keeping so much grief is caging him in, he is giving up his freedom.
Themes, Symbols, and Thesis
Claudius
Themes and Symbols
Themes and symbols
Themes, Symbols, and Thesis
Act I scene iii- Laertes warning to Ophelia
“Fear it, Ophelia. Fear it my dear sister,”
“And keep you in the rear of your affection,”
Laertes is trying to warn Ophelia not to fall in love with Hamlet because
he is a prince and will soon have to marry a princess. Just like any older brother, Laertes
is trying to protect his sister from being taken advantage of . He makes it clear to her how foolish it would be to give in to Hamlet’s seductive talk and lose her pureness to someone she would not marry.

Flat characters because although they are Hamlet's childhood friends, they betray him. We don't learn descriptively about them.

Act III, scene ii- Conversation with Hamlet
“Good my lord, what is your cause of distemper? You do
surely bar the door upon your own liberty if you deny your
griefs to your friend.”

Rosencrantz is trying to manipulate Hamlet into thinking he is truly his friend and wants to help him when really he is working for Claudius. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern only care about themselves and how they can make some extra cash.
Act III, scene iii- Report to Claudius
“Did the king sigh, but with a general groan”

Rosencrantz is agreeing with the King’s decision that Hamlet should be sent to England, he makes it a point to remind Claudius that as king he has many responsibilities to keep his people safe; when he has troubles his people have troubles.
Act IV, scene ii- Asking Hamlet about Polonius’ body
“My lord you must tell us where the body is and go with us to the king.”
“That I can keep your counsel and not mine own. Besides, to
be demanded of a sponge! What replication should be made by the son of a king?

Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are supposed to be loyal to Hamlet but in reality they are betraying him. They tried to seek the truth out of Hamlet but being that Hamlet does not trust anyone, he did not all for their lies. Hamlet compares Rosencrantz to a sponge because Rosencrantz soaks up the king’s approval, his rewards, and decisions, whatever is necessary to earn a fortune.

Themes and symbols
THE GRAVEDIGGERS
Overview Themes and Symbols
Claudius "Give me some light, away!" (Act III, Scene II)
- Greedy
• He has ambition because he killed his brother in order to become king. (The allusion to Cain from the bible where Cain is jealous of his brother .)
• He is greedy because he wants kill hamlet after he found out that he was still alive. He tries to kill him again.

Claudius " My words fly up, my thoughts remain below.
Words without thoughts never to heaven go" (Act III, Scene III)
Regretful
• He is regretful. He prays for forgiveness. His act of forgiveness makes hamlet doubt of killing him.

dynamic character
Symbol:
Friendship -> Horatio is an exemplar of true friendship
Theme:
Loyalty: he kept his word throughout the play and supported Hamlet
Thesis:
Horatio, a man loyal to Hamlet, who, though does not experience any major changes throughout the play, does, however, prove his incredible loyalty to Hamlet; he is a man of his word. And, since he has done nothing wrong, he becomes one of the few survivors of the play.
Horatio demonstrates loyalty to Hamlet by informing him of his father’s ghost. Also, he tries to follow Hamlet when he tells Horatio not to follow him. Horatio is trying to protect Hamlet.
Act III, Scene 1:
For instance, When Hamlet tests Horatio by saying, “Ha, ha! Are you honest?”(ln 104), Horatio demonstrates his sincerity to Hamlet as he swears to secrecy of the ghost while in contrast Ophelia broke his trust by lying directly to Hamlet.
Scene 2:
His loyalty to Hamlet is again shown: “If he steal aught the whilst this play is playing,/And ’scape detecting, I will pay the theft” (ln 86 & 87). Furthermore, he keeps asking hamlet if what he thinks he is doing is a good idea.
QUOTES
Symbols
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern symbolize betrayal because they betrayed Hamlet by turning against him and working for Claudius.
Their only concern throughout the play was to turn Hamlet in, and gain a fortune; money was more important than loyalty.

Theme
Betrayal
Conniving
Sneaky
Rats
Thesis
In Shakespeare’s play, Hamlet, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are portrayed as deceitful men who betray their friendship with Hamlet because their allegiance is to the person who could offer them more, King Claudius.
Act IV scene v- Laertes’ return
“That drop of blood that’s calm proclaims me bastard,
Cries “Cuckold!” to my father, brands the “harlot”
Even here between the chaste unsmirched brow
Of my true mother.”

Laertes is very upset about the news of his father being murdered, and since he has not yet punished his father’s murderer, he feels that he has let him down and hasn’t been a loyal son. Laertes is full of guilt for not being present when his father was killed and is more than ready to avenge his father’s death.

Act IV, scene vii- Plot with Claudius
“I will do it.”
“And for that purpose I’ll anoint my sword”

Laertes shows no hesitation when it comes time to avenge his father’s death he even goes the extra mile and poisons his sword so when he stabs Hamlet he will for sure die. Unlike Hamlet, Laertes does not show any sign of sympathy or guilt for killing his father’s murder.
Symbol
Laertes symbolizes a man Hamlet wishes he could be. (maybe a foil)With no doubt in his mind Laertes was ready to kill his father’s murderer. Laertes didn’t fear the afterlife or think of his consequences, he felt like it was his duty as a son to kill his father’s murderer.
Theme
Revenge
Revelation
Poison
Grief
Thesis
In Shakespeare’s play, Hamlet, Laertes deals with revenge and revelation in that, he became enraged with grief and wanted to avenge his father, Polonius, but he saw error in his way when he realized he didn’t want to kill Hamlet with poison he wanted to do it with honor.
flat character

Character Descriptions:
{Clown } Peasants
Clever commoners
Believed in the moral legitimacy
Symbol:
Graveyard
The gravediggers get to separate the people that committed suicide from everyone else that deserves the Christian burial.
Theme:
Religion
“Is she to be buried in Christian burial, when she willfully seeks her own salvation” line 1-2 Act 5.1 pg.225
He believes in the religious doctrine in which suicides don’t receive Christian burials.
Disputes on whether Ophelia should have a Christian burial since her death was seen as suicide.
Themes
• Seeming (appearances/ masks)
o “Do not believe his vows, for they are brokers” (Act I Scene?? Pg.45 Line 128).
 He believes that Hamlet just wants to use Ophelia and is willing to break any promises he tells her.
o “I will be brief. Your noble son is mad. Mad call I it, for, to define true madness…” ( Pg.83 Lines 92-93).
 He tells the queen and the king that Hamlet has gone mad just because Ophelia told him, he doesn’t even try to reassure what she has told him and just tells them without being sure.
• Deceit (betrayal)
o He deceived Ophelia on not talking to hamlet Pg.47
 He didn’t just do it for her but for himself as well because he didn’t want to lose the trust that the king has for him.
• Snooping
o “At sun a time I’ll lose my daughter to him. By you and I behind an arras then” ( Pg. 89 Line 162-163).
 He was going to make his daughter be at the place where Hamlet always walks so that they would be able to talk and Polonius would be hiding behind the curtains hearing everything and examining his reactions.
o “My lord, he’s going to his mother’s closet. Behind the arras I’ll convey myself. To hear the process” ( He had the idea of having Hamlet go to his mother bedroom after the play, so that he would be able to hear everything Hamlet said to his mother and figure out the cause of his madness.
Symbols:
• Dad Figure
o “This above all: to thine own self be true”
 Polonius is giving advice to his son Laertes before he leaves to Paris.
o He also makes sure that Ophelia doesn’t talk to Hamlet, he tells her that hamlet is just trying to use her since his a prince and wouldn’t be able to be able to be with her.

Flat character
Themes and Symbols
Seven Deadly Sins
Thesis: In Shakespeare's tragedy Hamlet, he utilizes the seven deadly sins in order to reveal the ultimate cause of each character's downfall and, in the process, warn the reader of the consequences of these sins.
Gertrude
Quickly marries Claudious, the new king, remaining queen of Denmark
= Lust
-For power
-For status
-For sex
King Hamlet
Kill while sleeping
=Sloth
-Too reclined/ leaned back
-Doesn't watch his back
“frailty, thy name is woman” (Act I, Scene II)
“ That if should come to this!” (Act 1, scene II)
These quotes go to show Hamlet’s fury and shock at the sudden remarriage of his mother. To Hamlet, the world is in chaos and the remarriage if the epitemy of that chaos. The soliloquies allow the reader to explore the character’s emotion. The soliloquy as a whole is the trouble and inner conflict that contribute to Hamlet’s depression and melancholy.
Tone: depressing and angry

Quotes
Thesis: Throughout Shakespeare’s play, Hamlet, Hamlet is confronted with constant inner conflict and depression. His depression is brought forth by his untimely father’s death and the sudden remarriage of his mother. His inner conflict is bought forth by the frustration of avenging his father and his depression. Thus, these factors greatly contribute to the complexity of Hamlet’s character.
Themes and Symbols
Theme: power/ control
Claudius' greed remain throughout the play even though he repent about what he has done. to make sure that he maintains power (and he suspects that Hamlet knows of about his father death) he sends Hamlet to England to keep him away, so the king of England kills him. however, his plan failed and his second attempt to kill Hamlet was in the match with Laertes where he poison the cup. Ultimately, leading to whole royal family dead.
Round character
Symbol: poison bottle
Claudius in the play, killed King Hamlet, accidentally killed Gertrude, and Hamlet made him drink his own poison (ironic). The poison bottle represents his greed that lead to his own death.
Thesis: Although Claudius in the play
Hamlet
, by William Shakespeare repents about his deed, he still remains greedy and attempts to kill Hamlet twice. Thus, Claudius is static character resulting of him being kill with his own poison.
Hamlet
Horatio
Claudious
Laertes
Spar with Hamlet (the prince) and goes along with Claudious' plan in order to repay Hamlet.
Claudius: "I your commission will forthwith dispatch,/And he to England shall along with you." (Act III, Scene III)

Pride
-Is too proud to let Hamlet go unpunished even though he's he prince of Denmark.
-Seeks revenge
Envy, Lust, Greed
Kills his brother for throne
Marries his brother's wife
tricks the kingdom with elegant words
is killed due to his own treachery
Full transcript