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Where Commas Go in Sentences

This presentation shows where commas should go in sentences.
by

Alex Darwish

on 19 April 2010

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Transcript of Where Commas Go in Sentences

Where Commas Go in Sentences


1. Why are commas used?
2. Different types of commas
3. Examples of different types of commas Why We Use Commas 1. To avoid confusion, we use commas to seperate word groups in a series of three or more.
2. Use a comma to seperate two adjectives when the word and can be inserted between them.
3. Use a comma when an -ly adjective is used with other adjectives.
4. Use commas before or surrounding the name or title of a person directly addressed. Different Types of Commas 1. Introduction Bits
2. Fanboys
3. Comma Splice
4. X, Y, and Z
5. Describers
6. Interpreters Fanboys:
Device for remembering coordinating conunctions. Example:
They smell really bad, so they will be easy to find. Introduction Bits:
Setting off introductory words, phrases, or clauses with a comma
lets the readers know what the main subject and main verb of a sentence come later. Example: Generally, technology is interesting and helpful. Comma Splice:
Putting a comma between two complete thoughts. Example:
You wore a lovely hat, for it was your only defense.
X, Y, and Z:
Put commas between items in a list.
Example: A good student listens to his teacher
without talking during class, yawning, or interrupting class. Describers:
If you have two or more adjectives that are not joined by a
conjunction and both/all adjectives and both words modify the
same word, put a comma between them. Example:
He was a bashful, sleepy, dopey dwarf. Interpreters:
Two commas can be used to set off additional information that appears within a sentence but is seperate from the primary subject and the verb of a sentence. Example:
Sandy Mills, a teacher in a Michigan, is loved by all her students. Some comma rule exceptions:
1. A comma is not always used before every coordinating conjunction. Use the comma before coordinating conjunctions that seperate independent clauses. Do not normally use the comma before coordinating conjunctions that connect two words, two phrases, or two dependent clauses.
2. Do not use a comma if the direct quotation ends with a question mark or quotation mark. Also, do not use a comma if the direct quotation is used to complete a clause beginning with that. Do not seperate a paraphrase from the explanatory words with a comma.
3. Do not use a comma to seperate months and years when no specific day is given or when using the day-month-year
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