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Myths, Legends, & Fairy Tales

Brief introduction to a unit for English II on myths, legends, and fairy tales.
by

Jeremy Shaner

on 1 May 2018

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Transcript of Myths, Legends, & Fairy Tales

An Overview & Introduction
Myths, Legends, & Fairy Tales
photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
Myths
claim to be historical, but they can't be proven.

Usually about real people, but events are exaggerated.

Passed on from generation-to-generation, and they vary wildly in presentation.
Legends
Robin Hood is an example of a legend
Completely fictional and often draw from fantasy.

Include giants, fairies, monsters, dragons, elves, trolls, etc.

Multiple versions of similar stories . For example, there are multiple versions of the "Cinderella" story; sources put it anywhere from 25-350 versions.

Share common themes and character types.
Fairy Tales
Cultural values
Time periods
Intended Audience

What causes myths, fairy tales, & legends to change?
Involve Gods & Goddesses, & they often deal with the consequences of angering or pleasing the gods.

Myths are part of oral tradition - they were passed from generation-to-generation by word of mouth.
tales rooted in a culture that help to explain its origins or early religious practices & beliefs.

3 categories: explanatory , instructional, or entertaining.
Archetypes
Recurrent symbol, character, or idea in literature, art, or mythology.
"Prototype" for characters & plots in stories.
1938
2010
What's similar? What's different? Why?

Scholars have found the change to be similar to biological adaptation.
Where are we with these now?
Popular Culture
Full transcript