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Myths, Legends, & Fairy Tales

Brief introduction to a unit for English II on myths, legends, and fairy tales.
by

Jeremy Shaner

on 17 March 2016

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Transcript of Myths, Legends, & Fairy Tales

An Overview & Introduction
Myths, Legends, & Fairy Tales
photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
Myths
claim to be historical, but they can't be proven.

Usually about real people. EX: Dracula was based on Romanian leader Vlad Dracul, the Impaler.

Passed on from generation-to-generation, and they vary wildly in presentation.
Legends
Robin Hood is an example of a legend
Completely fictional and often draw from fantasy.

Include giants, fairies, monsters, dragons, elves, trolls, etc.

Multiple versions of similar stories . For example, there are multiple versions of the "Cinderella" story; sources put it anywhere from 25-350 versions.

Share common themes and character types.
Fairy Tales
Cultural values & climates (how things are happening w/in a culture)
Power & Language
Time periods
Intended Audience

Why do myths, fairy tales, & legends change?
Involve Gods & Goddesses, & they often deal with the consequences of angering or pleasing the gods.

Myths are part of oral tradition - they are passed from generation-to-generation by word of mouth.
all contain morals.
all are told as stories.
all contribute to the development of archetypes.
all play a role in developing cultures, or showing how cultures change.
Myths, Legends, & Fairy Tales:
tales rooted in a culture that help to explain its origins or early religious practices & beliefs.

Based on reality.

Seek to explain things that are apparent within a culture.

3 categories: explanatory , instructional, or entertaining.
Shrek is modern take on fairy tales.
Archetypes
symbols or ideas in characters, themes, plots/ situations, images, & that are recognized & reacted to similarly, regardless of a person's culture.
"Prototype" for heroes, villains, tragedies, comedies, etc.
Come from myths, fairy tales, & legends.
1938
2010
What's similar? What's different? Why?
Full transcript